Genèse 20

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1 Et Abraham s'en alla de là au pays de Midi, et demeura entre Kadès et Sur, et il habita comme étranger à Guérar.

2 Or Abraham dit de Sara sa femme : C'est ma sœur; et Abimélec, Roi de Guérar, envoya, et prit Sara.

3 Mais Dieu apparut la nuit dans un songe à Abimélec, et lui dit : Voici, tu es mort, à cause de la femme que tu as prise, car elle a un mari.

4 Or Abimélec ne s'était point approché d'elle. Et il dit : Seigneur, feras-tu donc mourir une nation juste?

5 Ne m'a-t-il pas dit : C'est ma sœur? Et elle-même aussi n'a-t-elle pas dit : C'est mon frère? J'ai fait ceci dans l'intégrité de mon cœur, et dans la pureté de mes mains.

6 Et Dieu lui dit en songe : Je sais que tu l'as fait dans l'intégrité de ton cœur, et aussi ai-je empêché que tu ne péchasses contre moi; c'est pourquoi je n'ai pas permis que tu la touchasses.

7 Maintenant donc rends à cet homme-là sa femme, car il est Prophète; et il priera pour toi, et tu vivras. Mais si tu ne la rends pas, sache que tu mourras de mort, avec tout ce qui est à toi.

8 Et Abimélec se leva de bon matin, et appela tous ses serviteurs, et leur rapporta toutes ces choses, eux l'écoutant; et ils furent saisis de crainte.

9 Puis Abimélec appela Abraham, et lui dit : Que nous as-tu fait? Et en quoi t'ai-je offensé, que tu aies fait venir sur moi et sur mon royaume un grand péché? Tu m'as fait des choses qui ne se doivent point faire.

10 Abimélec dit aussi à Abraham : Qu'as-tu vu [qui t'ait obligé] de faire cela?

11 Et Abraham répondit : C'est parce que je disais : Assurément il n'y a point de crainte de Dieu en ce lieu-ci, et ils me tueront à cause de ma femme.

12 Et aussi, à la vérité, elle est ma sœur, fille de mon père; mais elle n'est pas fille de ma mère; et elle m'a été donnée pour femme.

13 Et il est arrivé que je lui ai dit, lors que Dieu ma conduit çà et là, hors de la maison de mon père; c'est ici la grâce que tu me feras, dis de moi dans tous les lieux où nous irons : C'est mon frère.

14 Alors Abimélec prit des brebis, des bœufs, des serviteurs, et des servantes, et les donna à Abraham, et lui rendit Sara, sa femme.

15 Et [lui] dit : Voici mon pays est à ta disposition, demeure où il te plaira.

16 Et il dit à Sara : Voici, j'ai donné à ton frère mille [pièces] d'argent; voici, il t'est une couverture d'yeux envers tous ceux qui sont avec toi, et envers tous les [autres]; et ainsi elle fut reprise.

17 Et Abraham fit requête à Dieu; et Dieu guérit Abimélec, sa femme, et ses servantes; et elles eurent des enfants.

18 Car l'Eternel avait entièrement resserré toute matrice de la maison d'Abimélec, à cause de Sara femme d'Abraham.


Exploring the Meaning of Genèse 20      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2496. In the twelfth chapter above, Abraham‘s sojourning in Egypt has been treated of; by which was signified the Lord’s instruction in memory-knowledges while still a boy. In this chapter the subject treated of is Abraham‘s sojourn in Gerar, where Abimelech was; by which the Lord’s instruction is in like manner signified, but in the doctrinal things of charity and faith. The subject that is especially treated of here is the doctrine of charity and faith in respect to its origin; namely, that it is spiritual from a celestial origin, but is not from the rational.

AC 2497. The Lord‘s state in which He was when He first instructed Himself in the doctrinal things of charity and faith is treated of; the state itself is signified by "Kadesh and Shur;" the doctrine of faith by "Abimelech king of Gerar" (verses 1, 2). That He at first thought in regard to the rational that it should be consulted (verse 2). That still it was not consulted (verses 3, 4, 8, 9). The reasons why He so thought (verses 5, 6, 10-13). That the doctrine of charity and faith is spiritual from a celestial origin (verse 7). That He was so instructed; and that then all things rational, as well as all memory-knowledges, were of service to Him, being like a covering or garment (verses 14-16). And in this way the doctrine was perfect (verse 17). That it would have been otherwise if the doctrine had come from the rational (verse 18).

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 20      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2496. In the twelfth chapter above, Abraham‘s sojourning in Egypt has been treated of; by which was signified the Lord’s instruction in memory-knowledges while still a boy. In this chapter the subject treated of is Abraham‘s sojourn in Gerar, where Abimelech was; by which the Lord’s instruction is in like manner signified, but in the doctrinal things of charity and faith. The subject that is especially treated of here is the doctrine of charity and faith in respect to its origin; namely, that it is spiritual from a celestial origin, but is not from the rational.

AC 2497. The Lord‘s state in which He was when He first instructed Himself in the doctrinal things of charity and faith is treated of; the state itself is signified by "Kadesh and Shur;" the doctrine of faith by "Abimelech king of Gerar" (verses 1, 2). That He at first thought in regard to the rational that it should be consulted (verse 2). That still it was not consulted (verses 3, 4, 8, 9). The reasons why He so thought (verses 5, 6, 10-13). That the doctrine of charity and faith is spiritual from a celestial origin (verse 7). That He was so instructed; and that then all things rational, as well as all memory-knowledges, were of service to Him, being like a covering or garment (verses 14-16). And in this way the doctrine was perfect (verse 17). That it would have been otherwise if the doctrine had come from the rational (verse 18).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1197, 1502, 2496, 2497, 2499, 2500, 2501, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1209, 2552, 2553, 2554, 2559, 2560, 2561, ...

Doctrine of Faith 50


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 710

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Významy biblických slov

Abraham
Abraham (ou Abram, comme il est nommé au début de son histoire) est l'un des personnages principaux de l'histoire des écritures sacrées. Il est l'ancêtre...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

midi
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

Kadès
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

Guérar
Gerar, as in Genesis 10:19, signifies those things which are revealed concerning faith.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

femme
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

sœur
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

Abimélec
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

Roi
L'esprit humain est composé de deux parties, une volonté et un entendement, siège des amours et des affections, et siège de la sagesse et de...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

songe
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

approché
Le terme "dessin" est utilisé de différentes manières dans la Bible, généralement dans le sens de tirer, diriger ou déplacer : Le plus souvent, les...

Nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Juste
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Frère
Il y a deux façons d'utiliser le mot "frère" dans la Bible, des façons qui se reflètent encore dans le langage moderne. L'un désigne une...

Intégrité
'Integrity,' as in Genesis 20:5, signifies innocence and simplicity.

touchasses
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme-là
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Matin
Puisque le soleil représente le Seigneur, le matin et le lever du soleil représentent un état d'éveil, avec une compréhension nouvelle et claire venant après...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

père
Père dans la Parole signifie ce qui est le plus intérieur, et dans les choses qui suivent l'ordre du Seigneur, cela signifie ce qui est...

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

brebis
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

bœufs
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

Servantes
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

yeux
Il est courant de dire "je vois" quand on comprend quelque chose. Et en effet, dans la Bible, "voir" signifie saisir et comprendre les choses...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Matrice
'Matrix' signifies opening of the spiritual mind.

d'abraham
Abraham (ou Abram, comme il est nommé au début de son histoire) est l'un des personnages principaux de l'histoire des écritures sacrées. Il est l'ancêtre...


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