Genèse 18

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 Puis l'Eternel lui apparut dans les plaines de Mamré, comme il était assis à la porte de [sa] tente, pendant la chaleur du jour.

2 Car levant ses yeux, il regarda : et voici, trois hommes parurent devant lui, et les ayant aperçus, il courut au-devant d'eux de la porte de sa tente, et se prosterna en terre;

3 Et il dit : Mon Seigneur, je te prie, si j'ai trouvé grâce devant tes yeux, ne passe point outre, je te prie, [et arrête-toi chez] ton serviteur.

4 Qu'on prenne, je vous prie, un peu d'eau, et lavez vos pieds, et reposez-vous sous un arbre;

5 Et j'apporterai une bouchée de pain pour fortifier votre cœur, après quoi vous passerez outre; car c'est pour cela que vous êtes venus vers votre serviteur. Et ils dirent : Fais ce que tu as dit.

6 Abraham donc s'en alla en hâte dans la tente vers Sara, et lui dit : hâte-toi, [prends] trois mesures de fleur de farine, pétris-[les], et fais des gâteaux.

7 Puis Abraham courut au troupeau, et prit un veau tendre et bon, lequel il donna à un serviteur, qui se hâta de l'apprêter.

8 Ensuite il prit du beurre et du lait, et le veau qu'on avait apprêté, et le mit devant eux; et il se tint auprès d'eux sous l'arbre, et ils mangèrent.

9 Et ils lui dirent : Où est Sara ta femme? Et il répondit : La voilà dans la tente.

10 Et [l'un d'entr'eux] dit : Je ne manquerai pas de retourner vers toi en ce même temps où nous sommes, et voici, Sara ta femme aura un fils. Et Sara l'écoutait à la porte de la tente qui était derrière lui.

11 Or Abraham et Sara étaient vieux, fort avancés en âge; et Sara n'avait plus ce que les femmes ont accoutumé d'avoir.

12 Et Sara rit en soi-même, et dit : Etant vieille, et mon Seigneur étant fort âgé, aurai-je [cette] satisfaction?

13 Et l'Eternel dit à Abraham : Pourquoi Sara a-t-elle ri, en disant : Serait-il vrai que j'aurais un enfant, étant vieille comme je suis?

14 Y a-t-il quelque chose qui soit difficile à l'Eternel? Je retournerai vers toi en cette saison, en ce même temps où nous sommes, et Sara aura un fils.

15 Et Sara le nia, en disant : Je n'ai point ri; car elle eut peur. [Mais] il dit : Cela n'est pas; car tu as ri.

16 Et ces hommes se levèrent de là, et regardèrent vers Sodome; et Abraham marchait avec eux pour les conduire.

17 Et l'Eternel dit : Cacherai-je à Abraham ce que je m'en vais faire?

18 Puis qu'Abraham doit certainement devenir une nation grande et puissante, et que toutes les nations de la terre seront bénies en lui?

19 Car je le connais, et [je sais] qu'il commandera à ses enfants, et à sa maison après lui, de garder la voie de l'Eternel, pour faire ce qui est juste, et droit; afin que l'Eternel fasse venir sur Abraham tout ce qu'il lui a dit.

20 Et l'Eternel dit : Parce que le cri de Sodome et de Gomorrhe est augmenté, et que leur péché est fort aggravé;

21 Je descendrai maintenant, et je verrai s'ils ont fait entièrement selon le cri qui est venu jusqu'à moi; et si cela n'est pas, je le saurai.

22 Ces hommes donc partant de là allaient vers Sodome; mais Abraham se tint encore devant l'Eternel.

23 Et Abraham s'approcha, et dit : Feras-tu périr le juste même avec le méchant?

24 Peut-être y a-t-il cinquante justes dans la ville, les feras-tu périr aussi? Ne pardonneras-tu point à la ville, à cause des cinquante justes qui y [seront]?

25 Non il n'arrivera pas que tu fasses une telle chose, que tu fasses mourir le juste avec le méchant, et que le juste soit [traité] comme le méchant! Non tu ne le feras point. Celui qui juge toute la terre ne fera-t-il point justice?

26 Et l'Eternel dit : Si je trouve en Sodome cinquante justes dans la ville, je pardonnerai à tout le lieu pour l'amour d'eux.

27 Et Abraham répondit, en disant : Voici, j'ai pris maintenant la hardiesse de parler au Seigneur, quoique je ne sois que poudre et que cendre.

28 Peut-être en manquera-t-il cinq des cinquante justes; détruiras-tu toute la ville pour ces cinq-là? Et il lui répondit : Je ne la détruirai point, si j'y en trouve quarante-cinq.

29 Et [Abraham] continua de lui parler, en disant : Peut-être s'y en trouvera-t-il quarante? Et il dit : Je ne la détruirai point pour l'amour des quarante.

30 Et Abraham dit : Je prie le Seigneur de ne s'irriter pas si je parle [encore]; peut-être s'en trouvera-t-il trente? Et il dit : Je ne la détruirai point, si j'y en trouve trente.

31 Et Abraham dit : Voici maintenant, j'ai pris la hardiesse de parler au Seigneur : peut-être s'en trouvera-t-il vingt? Et il dit : Je ne la détruirai point pour l'amour des vingt.

32 Et [Abraham] dit : Je prie le Seigneur de ne s'irriter pas, je parlerai encore une seule fois; peut-être s'y en trouvera-t-il dix. Et il dit : Je ne la détruirai point pour l'amour des dix.

33 Et l'Eternel s'en alla quand il eut achevé de parler avec Abraham; et Abraham s'en retourna en son lieu.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Genèse 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 658

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 6:12, 11:5, 12:3, 7, 13:13, 18, 17:16, 17, 19, 22, 24, 19:1, 3, 13, 27, 21:2, 6, 24:1, 32, 36, 32:1, 33:3, 35:2, 42:6, 43:24, 44:18

Exode 32:11

Nombres 16:22

Deutéronome 4:9, 10

Josué 5:13, 13:1

Juges 6:18, 19, 20, 39, 13:3, 19:5, 21

1 Samuel 28:24

2 Samuel 24:17

2 Rois 4:16, 27

1 Chroniques 16:33

2 Chroniques 14:3, 19:7

Emploi 34:10, 12

Psaumes 7:12, 25:14, 44:22, 50:6, 75:3, 78:5, 119:60

Ésaïe 3:9, 65:8

Jérémie 5:1, 32:17

Amos 3:7

Jonas 1:2

Zacharie 8:6

Matthieu 11:23, 13:29, 19:26

Romains 3:5, 4:13, 9:9

1 Corinthiens 11:3

Galates 3:8

1 Timothée 4

Hébreux 6:10, 11:11, 12:23, 13:1, 2

Jacques 5:16

1 Pierre 3:6

Jude 1:7

Apocalypse 18:5

Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

assis
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

Porte
Dans un sens général, les portes dans la Bible représentent les désirs initiaux de bien et les concepts de vérité qui introduisent les gens à...

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

yeux
Il est courant de dire "je vois" quand on comprend quelque chose. Et en effet, dans la Bible, "voir" signifie saisir et comprendre les choses...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Seigneur
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

pieds
Nos pieds sont les parties les plus basses de notre corps, et ils sont très utiles ! Dans la Bible, les pieds représentent la partie...

sous
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

arbre
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

pain
Tout comme la nourriture naturelle nourrit le corps naturel, la nourriture spirituelle nourrit le corps spirituel. Et puisque notre corps spirituel est l'expression de ce...

cœur
Le cœur signifie l'amour. Un bon cœur signifie l'amour du Seigneur et du prochain, tandis qu'un cœur dur ou pierreux signifie l'amour de soi ou...

après
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

passerez
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Abraham
Abraham (ou Abram, comme il est nommé au début de son histoire) est l'un des personnages principaux de l'histoire des écritures sacrées. Il est l'ancêtre...

hâte
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

Sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

fleur
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

Farine
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

Troupeau
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

Beurre
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

Lait
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

derrière
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

femmes
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Peur
La peur de l'inconnu et la peur du changement sont deux idées communes, qui couvrent ensemble un large spectre des peurs que nous avons tendance...

Sodome
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

Nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

garder
Dans la Bible, "garder" a généralement trait au contrôle des actions réelles de la vie, bien que dans certains cas, cela puisse signifier tenir quelque...

Juste
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

droit
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

descendrai
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Méchant
'The wicked' or 'unrighteous' denotes being not in truth of faith.

cinquante
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

justes
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

juge
Il est facile de voir le lien entre le fait de juger et la vérité. Dans un tribunal, l'objectif du juge est de trouver la...

Justice
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

parler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Poudre
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

cendre
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

parle
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Videa od Swedenborg Foundation

Zde uvedená videa jsou poskytnuta se svolením našich přátel ze Swedenborg Foundation. Více se o nich dozvíte zde: swedenborg.com.


Was God Really Angry With Sodom and Gomorrah?

As Jesus said on the road to Emmaus, the Old Testament is teaching us about Jesus's inner life. What can we learn from the story of Sodom and Gomorrah?

Genèse 18:16-26 >> 03:36
, 06:39

The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah

Focus on the internal meaning of the Sodom and Gomorrah story

Genèse 18:16-26 >> 13:28
, 16:33
Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Abraham and Lot
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Abraham and Sarah's Family
The Lord promises Abraham many descendants.
Story | Ages 2 - 8

 Abraham and the Angels
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Abraham and the Angels, Birth of Isaac
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Isaac’s Birth Foretold
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Appearing of the Angels to Abraham
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: