Genèse 16

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Or Saraï femme d'Abram ne lui avait enfanté aucun enfant, mais elle avait une servante Egyptienne, nommée Agar.

2 Et elle dit à Abram : Voici maintenant, l'Eternel m'a rendue stérile; viens, je te prie, vers ma servante, peut-être aurai-je des enfants par elle. Et Abram acquiesça à la parole de Saraï.

3 Alors Saraï, femme d'Abram, prit Agar sa servante Egyptienne, et la donna pour femme à Abram son mari, après qu'il eut demeuré dix ans au pays de Canaan.

4 Il vint donc vers Agar, et elle conçut. Et [Agar] voyant qu'elle avait conçu, méprisa sa maîtresse.

5 Et Saraï dit à Abram : L'outrage qui m'est fait, [revient] sur toi; je t'ai donné ma servante en ton sein, mais quand elle a vu qu'elle avait conçu, elle m'a méprisée; que l'Eternel en juge entre moi et toi.

6 Alors Abram répondit à Saraï : Voici, ta servante est entre tes mains, traite-la comme il te plaira. Saraï donc la maltraita, et [Agar] s'enfuit de devant elle.

7 Mais l'Ange de l'Eternel la trouva auprès d'une fontaine d'eau au désert, près de la fontaine qui est au chemin de Sur.

8 Et il lui dit : Agar, servante de Saraï, d'où viens-tu? et où vas-tu? et elle répondit : Je m'enfuis de devant Saraï ma maîtresse.

9 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel lui dit : Retourne à ta maîtresse, et t'humilie sous elle.

10 Davantage l'Ange de l'Eternel lui dit : Je multiplierai beaucoup ta postérité, tellement qu'elle ne se pourra nombrer; tant elle sera grande.

11 L'Ange de l'Eternel lui dit aussi : Voici, tu as conçu, et tu enfanteras un fils, que tu appelleras Ismaël, car l'Eternel a ouï ton affliction.

12 Et ce sera un homme [farouche comme] un âne sauvage; sa main sera contre tous, et la main de tous contre lui; et il habitera à la vue de tous ses frères.

13 Alors elle appela le nom de l'Eternel qui lui parlait à elle, tu es le [Dieu] Fort de vision; car elle dit, n'ai-je pas aussi vu ici après celui qui me voyait?

14 C'est pourquoi on a appelé ce puits, le puits du vivant qui me voit; lequel est entre Kadès et Béred.

15 Agar donc enfanta un fils à Abram; et Abram appela le nom de son fils, qu'Agar lui avait enfanté, Ismaël.

16 Or Abram était âgé de quatre-vingt six ans, quand Agar lui enfanta Ismaël.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1890, 1891, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, ...

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 417


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 340, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Abram
Abram and Nahor taking to themselves wives, Sarah and Milcah (Gen 11:29), signifies marriages of evil with falsity in idolatrous worship. Abram, Nahor, and Haran,...

servante
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

Agar
Hagar, as mentioned in Genesis 16, signifies the affection of sciences of the outward self and also the life of the outer or natural self.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

viens
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

maîtresse
'Mistress,' as in Genesis 16:9, signifies the affection for interior truth.

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

sein
"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

s'enfuit
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

retourne
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Ismaël
'Ishmael' represents the first rationality pertaining to the Lord. 'Ishmael' signifies rationality separate from good. 'Ishmael' signifies the Lord's merely human rational. Ishmael, in Genesis...

affliction
An affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be", mentioned in 'Matthew 24:21', means the infestation from...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

parlait
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

après
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

appelé
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

puits
In Genesis 21, 'wells' signify doctrines, both those disputed and not disputed. Without this significance digging wells and disputing about them would have been too...

Kadès
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

béred
Bared, as in Gen 16:14, signifies what is beneath, consequently, scientific truth, from which also the rational principle is derived

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Abraham and Ishmael
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Abraham and Lot
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Questions Asked by God
Article | Ages over 15

 Questions from the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17


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