Genèse 12

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Or l'Eternel avait dit à Abram : Sors de ton pays, et d'avec ta parenté, et de la maison de ton père, [et viens] au pays que je te montrerai.

2 Et je te ferai devenir une grande nation, et te bénirai, et je rendrai ton nom grand, et tu seras béni.

3 Je bénirai ceux qui te béniront, et je maudirai ceux qui te maudiront; et toutes les familles de la terre seront bénies en toi.

4 Abram donc partit, comme l'Eternel lui avait dit, et Lot alla avec lui; et Abram était âgé de soixante et quinze ans, quand il sortit de Caran.

5 Abram prit aussi Saraï sa femme, et Lot fils de son frère, et tout leur bien, qu'ils avaient acquis, et les personnes qu'ils avaient eues à Caran; et ils partirent pour venir au pays de Canaan, auquel ils entrèrent.

6 Et Abram passa au travers de ce pays-là jusqu'au lieu de Sichem, [et] jusqu'en la plaine de Moré; et les Cananéens étaient alors dans ce pays-là.

7 Et l'Eternel apparut à Abram, et lui dit : Je donnerai ce pays à ta postérité. Et Abram bâtit là un autel à l'Eternel qui lui était apparu.

8 Et il se transporta de là vers la montagne, qui est à l'Orient de Béthel, et y tendit ses tentes, ayant Béthel à l'Occident, et Haï à l'Orient ; et il bâtit là un autel à l'Eternel, et invoqua le nom de l'Eternel.

9 Puis Abram partit [de là], marchant et s'avançant vers le Midi.

10 Mais la famine étant survenue dans le pays, Abram descendit en Egypte pour s'y retirer; car la famine était grande au pays.

11 Et il arriva comme il était près d'entrer en Egypte, qu'il dit à Saraï, sa femme : Voici, je sais que tu es une fort belle femme;

12 C'est pourquoi il arrivera que quand les Egyptiens t'auront vue, ils diront : C'est la femme de cet homme, et ils me tueront, mais ils te laisseront vivre.

13 [Dis donc], je te prie, que tu es ma sœur, afin que je sois bien traité à cause de toi, et que, par ton moyen ma vie soit préservée.

14 Il arriva donc qu'aussitôt qu'Abram fut venu en Egypte, les Egyptiens virent que cette femme était fort belle.

15 Les principaux de la cour de Pharaon la virent aussi, et la louèrent devant lui, et elle fut enlevée [pour être menée] dans la maison de Pharaon.

16 Lequel fit du bien à Abram, à cause d'elle; de sorte qu'il en eut des brebis, des bœufs, des ânes, des serviteurs, des servantes, des ânesses, et des chameaux.

17 Mais l'Eternel frappa de grandes plaies Pharaon et sa maison, à cause de Saraï femme d'Abram.

18 Alors Pharaon appela Abram, et lui dit : Qu'est-ce que tu m'as fait? pourquoi ne m'as-tu pas déclaré que c'était ta femme?

19 Pourquoi as-tu dit, c'est ma sœur? car je l'avais prise pour ma femme; mais maintenant, voici ta femme, prends-la, et t'en va.

20 Et Pharaon ayant donné ordre à ses gens, ils le conduisirent, lui, sa femme, et tout ce qui était à lui.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 12      

Napsal(a) Joe David

The Inner Meaning of Genesis 12

In Genesis 11, we met Abram for the first time, as his genealogy was traced down through the generations from Noah. Abram represents the beginning of a new spiritual state of humankind - a new church that would record preserve important external truths. Those external truths contained internal ones - true ideas about God the way people should live.

These external truths were encoded in stories, first preserved in oral traditions then in written scriptures in the time of Moses. In the current , Abram, goes, as commanded by God, the land of Canaan. In doing this, he effectively starts the Hebrew church (from Eber, Abraham's forebear).

All the geographic places in the land of Canaan its environs had been given spiritual significations by the people of the Most Ancient Church. In the new Word that would be written there, these places would be mentioned by name would signify spiritual ideas.

When Abraham is driven by famine in the land seek refuge in Egypt, it symbolizes a state of initial instruction for this new church. That early instruction is of an external type. Egypt, in the Word, represents scientific knowledge - the natural sciences - which teach the natural level in people.

There are two levels of "story" nested in the symbolism of the literal text. One is the spiritual story of humankind. Another, higher one, is the story of the inner spiritual process that would take place in the life of Jesus Christ. Both stories are traced out in Swedenborg's exegesis of the Word.

Here's an excerpt from his capstone work, True Christian Religion:

The Word has two senses hidden in its literal sense; these are called the spiritual the celestial senses. In the spiritual sense the contents of the Word refer chiefly the church in the celestial sense chiefly the Lord. Again in the spiritual sense its contents refer Divine truth in the celestial sense Divine good. (True Christian Religion 248)

A detailed description of the inner meaning of this chapter begins in Arcana Coelestia 1401.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 482, 1401, 1402, 1407, 1408, 1409, 1410, ...

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 413, 414


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 440, 796, 921, 1025, 1403, 1461, 1475, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 503


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 654, 750

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Abram
Abram and Nahor taking to themselves wives, Sarah and Milcah (Gen 11:29), signifies marriages of evil with falsity in idolatrous worship. Abram, Nahor, and Haran,...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

béni
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

béniront
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

maudiront
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Quinze
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

femme
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

acquis
Acquisition (Genesis 12:5) means all things which are sensual truths or things of science which are the ground of thought in man. Acquisition and purchase...

partirent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

passa
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Moré
'Moreh' signifies the earliest moment of the Lord's perception.

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

tentes
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

haï
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

Egypte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Près
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

d'entrer
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

entrer
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

vue
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

sœur
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

qu'abram
Abram and Nahor taking to themselves wives, Sarah and Milcah (Gen 11:29), signifies marriages of evil with falsity in idolatrous worship. Abram, Nahor, and Haran,...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Egyptiens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Pharaon
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

brebis
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

bœufs
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Servantes
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

chameaux
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

déclaré
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

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