Exode 3

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French: Martin (1744)         

← Exode 2   Exode 4 →

1 Or Moïse fut berger du troupeau de Jéthro son beau-père, Sacrificateur de Madian; et menant le troupeau derrière le désert, il vint en la montagne de Dieu jusqu'en Horeb.

2 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel lui apparut dans une flamme de feu, du milieu d'un buisson, et il regarda, et voici, le buisson était tout en feu, et le buisson ne se consumait point.

3 Alors Moïse dit : je me détournerai maintenant, et je regarderai cette grande vision, pourquoi le buisson ne se consume point.

4 Et l'Eternel vit que [Moïse] s'était détourné pour regarder; et Dieu l'appela du milieu du buisson, en disant : Moïse, Moïse! et il répondit: me voici.

5 Et [Dieu] dit: n'approche point d'ici; déchausse tes souliers de tes pieds, car le lieu où tu es arrêté, est une terre sainte.

6 Il dit aussi : je suis le Dieu de ton père, le Dieu d'Abraham, le Dieu d'Isaac, et le Dieu de Jacob; et Moïse cacha son visage, parce qu'il craignait de regarder vers Dieu.

7 Et l'Eternel dit : j'ai très-bien vu l'affliction de mon peuple qui est en Egypte, et j'ai ouï le cri qu'ils ont jeté à cause de leurs exacteurs, car j'ai connu leurs douleurs.

8 C'est pourquoi je suis descendu pour le délivrer de la main des Egyptiens, et pour le faire remonter de ce pays-là, en un pays bon et spacieux, en un pays découlant de lait et de miel; au lieu où sont les Chananéens, les Héthiens, les Amorrhéens, les Phérésiens, les Héviens, et les Jébusiens.

9 Et maintenant voici, le cri des enfants d'Israël est parvenu à moi, et j'ai vu aussi l'oppression dont les Egyptiens les oppriment.

10 Maintenant donc viens, et je t'enverrai vers Pharaon; et tu retireras mon peuple, les enfants d'Israël, hors d'Egypte.

11 Et Moïse répondit à Dieu : qui suis-je moi, pour aller vers Pharaon, et pour retirer d'Egypte les enfants d'Israël?

12 Et [Dieu lui] dit : [va] car je serai avec toi; et tu auras ce signe que c'est moi qui t'ai envoyé, c'est que quand tu auras retiré mon peuple d'Egypte, vous servirez Dieu près de cette montagne.

13 Et Moïse dit à Dieu : voici, quand je serai venu vers les enfants d'Israël, et que je leur aurai dit : le Dieu de vos pères m'a envoyé vers vous, s'ils me disent alors : quel est son nom? que leur dirai-je?

14 Et Dieu dit à Moïse : JE SUIS CELUI QUI SUIS. Il dit aussi : tu diras ainsi aux enfants d'Israël : [celui qui s'appelle] JE SUIS, m'a envoyé vers vous.

15 Dieu dit encore à Moïse : tu diras ainsi aux enfants d'Israël; l'ETERNEL, le Dieu de vos pères, le Dieu d'Abraham, le Dieu d'Isaac, et le Dieu de Jacob m'a envoyé vers vous : c'est ici mon nom éternellement, et c'est ici le mémorial [que vous aurez] de moi dans tous les âges.

16 Va, et assemble les anciens d'Israël, et leur dis : l'Eternel, le Dieu de vos pères, le Dieu d'Abraham, d'Isaac, et de Jacob, m'est apparu, en disant : certainement je vous ai visités, et [j'ai vu] ce qu'on vous fait en Egypte.

17 Et j'ai dit : je vous ferai remonter de l'Egypte où vous êtes affligés, dans le pays des Chananéens, des Héthiens, des Amorrhéens, des Phérésiens, des Héviens, et des Jébusiens, [qui est un pays] découlant de lait et de miel.

18 Et ils obéiront à ta parole, et tu iras, toi et les anciens d'Israël, vers le Roi d'Egypte, et vous lui direz : l'Eternel le Dieu des Hébreux nous est venu rencontrer; maintenant donc nous te prions que nous allions le chemin de trois jours au désert, et que nous sacrifiions à l'Eternel notre Dieu.

19 Or je sais que le Roi d'Egypte ne vous permettra point de vous en aller, qu'il n'y soit forcé.

20 Mais j'étendrai ma main, et je frapperai l'Egypte par toutes les merveilles que je ferai au milieu d'elle; et après cela, il vous laissera aller.

21 Et je ferai que ce peuple trouvera grâce envers les Egyptiens, et il arrivera que quand vous partirez, vous ne vous en irez point à vide.

22 Mais chacune demandera à sa voisine, et à l'hôtesse de sa maison, des vaisseaux d'argent, et des vaisseaux d'or, et des vêtements, que vous mettrez sur vos fils et sur vos filles : ainsi vous butinerez les Egyptiens.

← Exode 2   Exode 4 →
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Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 1343, 1444, 1551, 1748, 1925, 2242, 2576, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 468, 505

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 19


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 242, 430, 504, 532, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

Spiritual Experiences 5669

Marriage 19

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Word/Phrase Explanations

moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

berger
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

Troupeau
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

madian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

derrière
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Dieu
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Buisson
A bush (Exod. 3:2) signifies scientific truth.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

n'approche
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

pieds
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

isaac
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

craignait
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

affliction
An affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be", mentioned in 'Matthew 24:21', means the infestation from...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

exacteurs
'Taskmasters' denote falsities which bind people in slavery.

connu
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

descendu
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Egyptiens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

lait
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

miel
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Héthiens
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Héviens
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Pharaon
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

envoyé
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hébreux
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

après
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Voisine
'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

d'or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

or
'Money' relates to truth.

vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


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Throughout virtually every culture, in every era of history, people have related to a Divine presence. We desire to draw near to the source of our life, the cause of our existence. Yet there is the question of who or what we are meant to approach?
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

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Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Illustration of three stories in the Word that relate to fire. (Quotations are the King James translation.)
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

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Worship Talk | Ages over 18

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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The Lord protected Moses and prepared him to do a very important job. Sample from the Jacob's Ladder Program, Introductory Level, for ages 5-6.
Religion Lesson | Ages 5 - 6

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Project | Ages up to 6

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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Project | Ages 4 - 6

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 6

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Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Lead and Guide Us", Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14. Suitable for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

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Project | Ages 4 - 10

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Teaching Support | Ages over 15

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Project | Ages 4 - 10

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

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Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

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This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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As we approach adult life, the things we are learning from the Word take on new meaning.
Worship Talk | Ages 15 - 17

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The Lord's names reveal aspects of His qualities. We can be linked to Him through baptism in His name.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Miracle of the Burning Bush
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Oneness of God
Lesson and activities looking at the oneness of God and the way his many names help us reflect on what He does for us.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

 Why the Lord Has Different Names
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Why Two Sexes?
Article | Ages 15 - 17


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