Exode 22

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Si quelqu'un dérobe un bœuf, ou un chevreau, ou un agneau, et qu'il le tue, ou le vende, il restituera cinq bœufs pour le bœuf, et quatre agneaux ou chevreaux, pour l'agneau ou pour le chevreau

2 Que si le larron est trouvé en fracture, et est frappé de sorte qu'il en meure, celui qui l'aura frappé ne sera point coupable de meurtre.

3 [Mais] si le soleil est levé sur lui, il sera coupable de meurtre. Il fera donc une entière restitution; [et] s'il n'a de quoi, il sera vendu pour son larcin.

4 Si ce qui a été dérobé est trouvé vivant entre ses mains, soit bœuf, soit âne, soit brebis ou chèvre, il rendra le double.

5 Si quelqu'un fait manger un champ ou une vigne, en lâchant son bétail, qui aille paître dans le champ d'autrui, il rendra du meilleur de son champ, et du meilleur de sa vigne.

6 Si le feu sort, et trouve des épines, et que le blé qui est en tas, ou sur pied, ou le champ, soit consumé, celui qui aura allumé le feu rendra entièrement ce qui en aura été brûlé.

7 Si quelqu'un donne à son prochain de l'argent ou des vases à garder, et qu'on le dérobe de sa maison, si l'on trouve le larron, il rendra le double.

8 [Mais] si le larron ne se trouve point, on fera venir le maître de la maison devant les Juges [ pour jurer] s'il n'a point mis sa main sur le bien de son prochain.

9 Quand il sera question de quelque chose où il y ait prévarication, touchant un bœuf, ou un âne, ou une brebis, ou une chèvre, ou un vêtement, même touchant toute chose perdue, dont [quelqu'un] dira qu'elle lui appartient, la cause des deux [parties] viendra devant les Juges; et celui que les Juges auront condamné, rendra le double à son prochain.

10 Si quelqu'un donne à garder à son prochain un âne, un bœuf, quelque menue ou grosse bête, et qu'elle meure, ou qu'elle se soit cassé [quelque membre], ou qu'on l'ait emmenée sans que personne l'ait vu,

11 Le jurement de l'Eternel interviendra entre les deux [parties, pour savoir] s'il n'a point mis sa main sur le bien de son prochain, et le maître [de la bête] se contentera [du serment], et [l'autre] ne [la] rendra point.

12 Mais s'il est vrai qu'elle lui ait été dérobée, il la rendra à son maître.

13 S'il est vrai qu'elle ait été déchirée [par les bêtes sauvages], il lui en apportera des marques, [et] il ne rendra point ce qui a été déchiré.

14 Si quelqu'un a emprunté de son prochain quelque bête, et qu'elle se casse [quelque membre], ou qu'elle meure, son maître n'y étant point présent, il ne manquera pas de la rendre.

15 [Mais] si son maître est avec lui, il ne la rendra point; si elle a été louée, on payera seulement son louage.

16 Si quelqu'un suborne une vierge non fiancée, et couche avec elle, il faut qu'il la dote, la prenant pour femme.

17 Mais si le père de la fille refuse absolument de la lui donner, il lui comptera autant d'argent qu'on en donne pour la dot des vierges.

18 Tu ne laisseras point vivre la sorcière.

19 Celui qui aura eu la compagnie d'une bête, sera puni de mort.

20 Celui qui sacrifie à d'autres Dieux, qu'à l'Eternel seul, sera détruit à la façon de l'interdit.

21 Tu ne fouleras ni n'opprimeras point l'étranger; car vous avez été étrangers au pays d'Egypte.

22 Vous n'affligerez point la veuve ni l'orphelin.

23 Si vous les affligez en quoi que ce soit, et qu'ils crient à moi, certainement j'entendrai leur cri.

24 Et ma colère s'embrasera, et je vous ferai mourir par l'épée, et vos femmes seront veuves, et vos enfants orphelins.

25 Si tu prêtes de l'argent à mon peuple, au pauvre qui est avec toi, tu ne te comporteras point avec lui en usurier; vous ne mettrez point sur lui d'usure.

26 Si tu prends en gage le vêtement de ton prochain, tu le lui rendras avant que le soleil soit couché.

27 Car c'est sa seule couverture, c'est son vêtement pour couvrir sa peau; où coucherait-il? S'il arrive donc qu'il crie à moi, je l'entendrai; car je suis miséricordieux.

28 Tu ne médiras point des Juges, et tu ne maudiras point le Prince de ton peuple.

29 Tu ne différeras point à m'offrir de ton abondance, et de tes liqueurs; tu me donneras le premier-né de tes fils.

30 Tu feras la même chose de ta vache, de ta brebis, et de ta chèvre. Il sera sept jours avec sa mère, [et] le huitième jour tu me le donneras.

31 Vous me serez saints; et vous ne mangerez point de la chair déchirée aux champs, [mais] vous la jetterez aux chiens.

← Exode 21   Exode 23 →
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Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 3325, 3540, 3693, 4171, 4433, 4434, 4444, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 17, 496, 623, 764


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 548, 863, 865, 946, 1121

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

vende
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

restituera
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

bœufs
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

frappé
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

levé
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

restitution
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

vendu
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

vivant
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

âne
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Vigne
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

l'argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

garder
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

cassé
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dérobée
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

déchiré
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...

déchirée
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...

emprunté
If you think about it, you can see that it’s easy to “borrow” thoughts and ideas from other people – even written ideas from thousands...

Rendre
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

vierge
A ‘virgin’ in the Word means those who are in the Lord’s kingdom. –Secrets of Heaven 3081...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

vierges
A ‘virgin’ in the Word means those who are in the Lord’s kingdom. –Secrets of Heaven 3081...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Étranger
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

étrangers
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

l'orphelin
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

Orphelin
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Orphelins
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

prêtes
'To lend' signifies teaching. 'To lend' signifies communicating the goods and truths of doctrine from the Word.

Pauvre
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

usurier
'An usurer,' as in Exodus 22:25, denotes someone who does good for the sake of gain.

Usure
'An usurer,' as in Exodus 22:25, denotes someone who does good for the sake of gain.

peau
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

premier-né
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

brebis
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

saints
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

la chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

chiens
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...


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