Exode 13

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Et l'Eternel parla à Moïse, disant :

2 Sanctifie-moi tout premier-né, tout ce qui ouvre la matrice entre les enfants d'Israël, tant des hommes que des bêtes, [car il est] à moi.

3 Moïse donc dit au peuple : souvenez-vous de ce jour, auquel vous êtes sortis d'Egypte, de la maison de servitude ; car l'Eternel vous en a retirés par main forte; on ne mangera donc point de pain levé.

4 Vous sortez aujourd'hui au mois que les épis mûrissent :

5 Quand donc l'Eternel t'aura introduit au pays des Chananéens, des Héthiens, des Amorrhéens, des Héviens et des Jébusiens, lequel il a juré à tes pères de te donner, et qui est un pays découlant de lait et de miel; alors tu feras ce service en ce mois-ci.

6 Durant sept jours tu mangeras des pains sans levain, et au septième jour il y aura une fête solennelle à l'Eternel.

7 On mangera durant sept jours des pains sans levain; et il ne sera point vu chez toi de pain levé; et même il ne sera point vu de levain en toutes tes contrées.

8 Et en ce jour-là tu feras entendre ces choses à tes enfants, en disant : c'est à cause de ce que l'Eternel m'a fait en me retirant d'Egypte.

9 Et ceci te sera pour signe sur ta main, et pour mémorial entre tes yeux, afin que la Loi de l'Eternel soit en ta bouche, parce que l'Eternel t'aura retiré d'Egypte par main forte.

10 Tu garderas donc cette ordonnance en sa saison, d'année en année.

11 Aussi quand l'Eternel t'aura introduit au pays des Chananéens, selon qu'il a juré à toi et à tes pères, et qu'il te l'aura donné.

12 Alors tu présenteras à l'Eternel tout ce qui ouvre la matrice; même tout ce qui en sortant ouvre la portière des bêtes; ce que tu auras de mâles sera à l'Eternel.

13 Mais tu rachèteras avec un petit d'entre les brebis ou d'entre les chèvres, toute première portée des ânesses, et si tu ne le rachètes point, tu lui couperas le cou. Tu rachèteras aussi tout premier-né des hommes entre tes enfants.

14 Et quand ton fils t'interrogera à l'avenir, en disant : que veut dire ceci? Alors tu lui diras : l'Eternel nous a retirés par main forte hors d'Egypte, de la maison de servitude.

15 Car il arriva que quand Pharaon s'opiniâtra à ne nous laisser point aller, l'Eternel tua tous les premiers-nés au pays d'Egypte, depuis les premiers-nés des hommes jusques aux premiers-nés des bêtes; c'est pourquoi je sacrifie à l'Eternel tout mâle qui ouvre la portière, et je rachète tout premier-né de mes enfants.

16 Ceci te sera donc pour signe sur ta main, et pour fronteaux entre tes yeux, que l'Eternel nous a retirés d'Egypte par main forte.

17 Or quand Pharaon eut laissé aller le peuple, Dieu ne les conduisit point par le chemin du pays des Philistins, quoi qu'il fût le plus court; car Dieu disait : c'est afin qu'il n'arrive que le peuple se repente quand il verra la guerre, et qu'il ne retourne en Egypte.

18 Mais Dieu fit tournoyer le peuple par le chemin du désert, vers la mer rouge. Ainsi les enfants d'Israël montèrent en armes du pays d'Egypte.

19 Et Moïse avait pris avec soi les os de Joseph; parce que [Joseph] avait expressément fait jurer les enfants d'Israël, [en leur] disant : Dieu vous visitera très-certainement, vous transporterez donc avec vous mes os d'ici.

20 Et ils partirent de Succoth, et se campèrent à Etham, qui est au bout du désert.

21 Et l'Eternel allait devant eux, de jour dans une colonne de nuée pour les conduire par le chemin; et de nuit dans une colonne de feu pour les éclairer, afin qu'ils marchassent jour et nuit.

22 [Et] il ne retira point la colonne de nuée le jour, ni la colonne de feu la nuit, de devant le peuple.

← Exode 12   Exode 14 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 8038, 8039, 8040, 8041, 8042, 8043, 8044, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 352, 2342, 2913, 2916, 3325, 4925, 7989

L’Apocalypse Révélée 17, 468


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 427, 504, 594, 659, 710, 725

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 15:16, 50:25

Exode 3:8, 17, 19, 4:23, 6:1, 4, 6, 7, 12:2, 8, 15, 26, 27, 41, 42, 14:2, 9, 10, 20:2, 22:28, 29, 23:15, 32:1, 34:18, 19, 20, 40:38

Lévitique 27:26

Nombres 3:13, 9:15, 10:34, 14:14, 18:15, 33:6

Deutéronome 1:33, 5:6, 15, 6:8, 12, 21, 7:8, 8:14, 9:12, 11:18, 13:6, 11, 15:19, 16:1, 3, 4, 17:16, 26:8, 28:68

Josué 5:11, 24:17, 32

Juges 2:12, 6:8

1 Chroniques 16:12

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Psaumes 68:8, 78:4, 14, 89:14, 105:39, 136:11, 12

Proverbes 6:21

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Jérémie 34:13

Daniel 9:15

Matthieu 23:5

Luc 2:23

1 Corinthiens 5:7, 10:1

Hébreux 11:22

Vysvětlení slova/fráze

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

premier-né
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

ouvre
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

matrice
'Matrix' signifies opening of the spiritual mind.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

des bêtes
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

souvenez
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

levé
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

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Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Héthiens
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Héviens
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

juré
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pères
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donner
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lait
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

miel
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

mois-ci
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Sept
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sans levain
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

septième
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

levain
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

Mémorial
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

yeux
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bouche
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fils
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dire
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philistins
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guerre
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retourne
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désert
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mer
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rouge
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OS
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joseph
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jurer
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colonne
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nuée
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conduire
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nuit
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feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

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