Deutéronome 19

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1 Quand l'Eternel ton Dieu aura exterminé les nations desquelles l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne le pays, et que tu posséderas leur pays, et demeureras dans leurs villes, et dans leurs maisons;

2 Alors tu sépareras trois villes au milieu du pays que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne pour le posséder.

3 Tu dresseras le chemin, et tu diviseras en trois parties les contrées de ton pays, que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donnera en héritage; et ce sera afin que tout meurtrier s'y enfuie.

4 Or voici comment on procédera envers le meurtrier qui se sera retiré là, afin qu'il vive. Celui qui aura frappé son prochain par mégarde, et sans l'avoir haï auparavant;

5 Comme si quelqu'un étant allé avec son prochain dans une forêt pour couper du bois, et avançant sa main avec la cognée pour couper du bois, il arrive que le fer échappe hors du manche, et rencontre tellement son prochain, qu'il en meure; il s'enfuira dans une de ces villes-là, afin qu'il vive.

6 De peur que celui qui a le droit de venger le sang ne poursuive le meurtrier, pendant que son cœur est échauffé, et qu'il ne l'atteigne, si le chemin est trop long, et ne le frappe à mort, quoiqu'il ne fût pas digne de mort, parce qu'il ne haïssait pas son prochain auparavant.

7 C'est pourquoi je te commande, en disant : Sépare-toi trois villes.

8 Que si l'Eternel ton Dieu étend tes limites, comme il l'a juré à tes pères, et qu'il te donne tout le pays qu'il a promis de donner à tes pères.

9 Pourvu que tu prennes garde à faire tous ces commandements que je te prescris aujourd'hui, afin que tu aimes l'Eternel ton Dieu, et que tu marches toujours dans ses voies; alors tu t'ajouteras encore trois villes, outre ces trois-là;

10 Afin que le sang de celui qui est innocent ne soit pas répandu au milieu de ton pays, que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne [en] héritage, et que tu ne sois pas coupable de meurtre.

11 Mais quand un homme qui haïra son prochain, lui aura dressé des embûches, et se sera élevé contre lui, et l'aura frappé à mort, et qu'il s'en sera fui dans l'une de ces villes.

12 Alors les Anciens de sa ville enverront et le tireront de là, et le livreront entre les mains de celui qui a le droit de venger le sang, afin qu'il meure.

13 Ton œil ne l'épargnera point; mais tu vengeras en Israël le sang de l'innocent; et tu prospéreras.

14 Tu ne transporteras point les bornes de ton prochain que les prédécesseurs auront plantées dans l'héritage que tu posséderas, au pays que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne pour le posséder.

15 Un témoin seul ne sera point valable contre Un homme, en quelque crime et péché que ce soit, en quelque péché qu'on ait commis; mais sur la parole de deux ou de trois témoins la chose sera valable.

16 Quand un faux témoin s'élèvera contre quelqu'un, pour déposer contre lui le crime de révolte;

17 Alors ces deux hommes-là qui auront contestation entr'eux, comparaîtront devant l'Eternel, en la présence des Sacrificateurs et des Juges qui seront en ce temps-là;

18 Et les Juges s'informeront exactement; et s'il se trouve que ce témoin soit un faux témoin, qui ait déposé faussement contre son frère;

19 Tu lui feras comme il avait dessein de faire à son frère; et ainsi tu ôteras le méchant du milieu de toi.

20 Et les autres qui entendront cela craindront, et à l'avenir ils ne feront plus de méchante action comme celle-là, au milieu de toi.

21 Ton œil ne l'épargnera point; mais il y aura vie pour vie, œil pour œil, dent pour dent, main pour main, pied pour pied.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

L’Apocalypse Révélée 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Milieu
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

frappé
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

forêt
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

bois
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Le fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Frappe
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

commande
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

œil
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

témoin
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

les juges
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

dent
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

Pied
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


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