Daniel 2

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1 Or en la seconde année du règne de Nébucadnetsar, Nébucadnetsar songea des songes, et son esprit fut ému, et son sommeil finit.

2 Alors le Roi commanda qu'on appelât les magiciens, et les astrologues, et les enchanteurs, et les Caldéens, pour expliquer au Roi ses songes; ils vinrent donc et se présentèrent devant le Roi.

3 Et le Roi leur dit : J'ai songé un songe, et mon esprit s'est agité, tâchant de savoir le songe.

4 Et les Caldéens répondirent au Roi en langue Syriaque : Roi, vis éternellement! dis le songe à tes serviteurs, et nous en donnerons l'interprétation.

5 [Mais] le Roi répondit, et dit aux Caldéens : La chose m'est échappée; si vous ne me faites connaître le songe et son interprétation, vous serez mis en pièces, et vos maisons seront réduites en voirie.

6 Mais si vous me manifestez le songe et son interprétation; vous recevrez de moi des dons, des largesses, et un grand honneur; quoi qu'il en soit, manifestez-moi le songe et son interprétation.

7 Ils répondirent pour la seconde fois, et dirent : Que le Roi dise le songe à ses serviteurs, et nous en donnerons l'interprétation.

8 Le Roi répondit, et dit : Je connais maintenant que vous ne cherchez qu'à gagner du temps, parce que vous voyez que la chose m'est échappée.

9 Mais si vous ne me faites pas connaître le songe, il y a une même sentence contre vous; car vous vous êtes préparés pour dire devant moi quelque parole fausse et perverse, en attendant que le temps soit changé. Quoi qu'il en soit, dites-moi le songe, et je saurai que vous m'en pouvez donner l'interprétation.

10 Les Caldéens répondirent au Roi, et dirent : Il n'y a aucun homme sur la terre qui puisse exécuter ce que le Roi demande; et aussi il n'y a ni Roi, ni Seigneur, ni Gouverneur qui ait jamais demandé une telle chose à quelque magicien, astrologue, ou Caldéen que ce soit.

11 Car la chose que le Roi demande est extrêmement difficile et il n'y a que les dieux, lesquels n'ont aucune fréquentation avec la chair, qui la puissent déclarer au Roi.

12 C'est pourquoi le Roi commanda avec grande colère et indignation qu'on mît à mort tous les sages de Babylone.

13 La sentence donc fut publiée, et on tuait les sages; et on cherchait Daniel et ses compagnons, pour les tuer.

14 Alors Daniel détourna [l'exécution] du conseil, et de l'arrêt donné à Arioc, prévôt de l'hôtel du Roi, qui était sorti pour tuer les sages de Babylone.

15 Et il demanda et dit à Arioc, commissaire du Roi : Pourquoi la sentence est-elle si pressante de par le Roi? Et Arioc déclara le fait à Daniel.

16 Et Daniel entra, et pria le Roi de lui donner du temps, et qu'il donnerait l'interprétation au Roi.

17 Alors Daniel alla en sa maison, et déclara l'affaire à Hanania, à Misaël, et à Hazaria, ses compagnons;

18 Qui implorèrent la miséricorde du Dieu des cieux sur ce secret, afin qu'on ne mît point à mort Daniel et ses compagnons, avec le reste des sages de Babylone.

19 Et le secret fut révélé à Daniel dans une vision de nuit, et là-dessus Daniel bénit le Dieu des cieux.

20 Daniel [donc] prenant la parole, dit : Béni soit le nom de Dieu, depuis un siècle jusqu'à l'autre; car à lui est la sagesse et la force.

21 Et c'est lui qui change les temps et les saisons, qui ôte les Rois, et qui établit les Rois, qui donne la sagesse aux sages, et la connaissance à ceux qui ont de l'intelligence.

22 C'est lui qui découvre les choses profondes et cachées, il connaît les choses qui sont dans les ténèbres, et la lumière demeure avec lui.

23 Ô Dieu de nos pères! je te célèbre et te loue de ce que tu m'as donné de la sagesse et de la force, et de ce que tu m'as maintenant fait savoir ce que nous t'avons demandé, en nous ayant fait connaître la parole du Roi.

24 C'est pourquoi Daniel alla vers Arioc, que le Roi avait commis pour faire mourir les sages de Babylone, et étant arrivé, il lui parla ainsi : Ne fais point mettre à mort les sages de Babylone, [mais] fais-moi entrer devant le Roi, et je donnerai au Roi l'interprétation [qu'il souhaite].

25 Alors Arioc fit promptement entrer Daniel devant le Roi, et lui parla ainsi : J'ai trouvé un homme d'entre ceux qui ont été emmenés captifs de Juda qui donnera au Roi l'interprétation [de son songe.]

26 Et le Roi prenant la parole, dit à Daniel, qui avait nom Beltesatsar : Me pourras-tu faire connaître le songe que j'ai vu, et son interprétation?

27 Et Daniel répondit en la présence du Roi, et dit : Le secret que le Roi demande [est tel], que ni les astrologues, ni les magiciens, ni les devins, ne le peuvent point découvrir au Roi.

28 Mais il y a un Dieu aux cieux qui révèle les secrets, et qui a fait connaître au Roi Nébucadnetsar ce qui doit arriver aux derniers temps. Ton songe, et les visions de ta tête [que tu as eues] sur ton lit, sont telles.

29 Tes pensées, ô Roi! te sont montées dans ton lit, touchant ce qui arriverait ci-après, et celui qui révèle les secrets t'a déclaré ce qui doit arriver.

30 Et ce secret m'a été révélé, non point par quelque sagesse qui soit en moi, plus qu'en aucun des vivants, mais afin de donner au Roi l'interprétation [de son songe], et afin que tu connaisses les pensées de ton cœur.

31 Tu contemplais, ô Roi! et voici une grande statue, et cette grande statue, dont la splendeur était excellente, était debout devant toi, et elle était terrible à voir.

32 La tête de cette statue était d'un or très-fin, sa poitrine et ses bras [étaient] d'argent; son ventre et ses hanches [étaient] d'airain.

33 Ses jambes étaient de fer, et ses pieds étaient en partie de fer, et en partie de terre.

34 Tu contemplais cela jusqu'à ce qu'une pierre fût coupée sans main, laquelle frappa la statue en ses pieds de fer et de terre, et les brisa.

35 Alors furent brisés ensemble le fer, la terre, l'airain, l'argent et l'or, et ils devinrent comme la paille de l'aire d'Eté, que le vent transporte çà et là; et il ne fut plus trouvé aucun lieu pour eux, mais cette pierre qui avait frappé la statue devint une grande montagne, et remplit toute la terre.

36 C'est là le songe; nous dirons maintenant son interprétation en la présence du Roi.

37 Toi ô Roi! qui es le Roi des Rois; parce que le Dieu des cieux t'a donné le Royaume, la puissance, la force et la gloire,

38 Et qu'en quelque lieu qu'habitent les enfants des hommes, les bêtes des champs, et les oiseaux des cieux, il les a donnés en ta main, et t'a fait dominer sur eux tous, tu es la tête d'or.

39 Mais après toi il s'élèvera un autre Royaume, moindre que le tien, et ensuite un autre troisième Royaume qui sera d'airain, lequel dominera sur toute la terre.

40 Puis il y aura un quatrième Royaume, fort comme du fer, parce que le fer brise, et met en pièces toutes choses; et comme le fer met en pièces toutes ces choses, ainsi il brisera et mettra tout en pièces.

41 Et quant à ce que tu as vu que les pieds et les orteils étaient en partie de terre de potier, et en partie de fer, c'est que le Royaume sera divisé, et il y aura en lui de la force du fer, selon que tu as vu le fer mêlé avec la terre de potier.

42 Et ce que les orteils des pieds étaient en partie de fer, et en partie de terre, c'est que ce Royaume sera en partie fort, et en partie frêle.

43 Mais ce que tu as vu le fer mêlé avec la terre de potier, c'est qu'ils se mêleront par semence humaine, mais ils ne se joindront point l'un avec l'autre, ainsi que le fer ne peut point se mêler avec la terre.

44 Et au temps de ces Rois le Dieu des cieux suscitera un Royaume qui ne sera jamais dissipé, et ce Royaume ne sera point laissé à un autre peuple, mais il brisera et consumera tous ces Royaumes, et il sera établi éternellement.

45 Selon que tu as vu que de la montagne une pierre a été coupée sans main, et qu'elle a brisé le fer, l'airain, la terre, l'argent, et l'or. Le grand Dieu a fait connaître au Roi ce qui arrivera ci-après; or le songe est véritable, et son interprétation est certaine.

46 Alors le Roi Nébucadnetsar tomba sur sa face, et se prosterna devant Daniel, et dit qu'on lui donnât de quoi faire des oblations et des offrandes de bonne odeur.

47 [Aussi] le Roi parla à Daniel, et lui dit : Certainement votre Dieu est le Dieu des dieux, et le Seigneur des Rois, et c'est lui qui révèle les secrets, puisque tu as pu déclarer ce secret.

48 Alors le Roi éleva en honneur Daniel, et lui donna beaucoup de grands présents; il l'établit Gouverneur sur toute la Province de Babylone, et le fit plus grand Seigneur que tous ceux qui avaient la surintendance sur tous les sages de Babylone.

49 Et Daniel fit une requête au Roi; et [le roi] établit sur les affaires de la Province de Babylone, Sadrac, Mésac, et Habed-négo, mais Daniel était à la porte du Roi.

  
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Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar's Dream      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

In the second chapter of the Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon has a dream that troubles him. Daniel, inspired by God, is the only person who is able to interpret it. It's a powerful story in the literal sense, and its spiritual sense goes deep; it describes a step that we each need to take if we want to make spiritual progress.

The literal text sets the story in the "second year", which refers to a state of conflict that comes before regeneration. Generally, "two" means a union, and specifically the marriage of good and truth. But in this story, the marriage is between evil and falsity. Nebuchadnezzar is still on the throne of Babylon: the falsities from selfish love seek to establish dominion over every sphere of life.

So, in the second year, "Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him." Dreams are one of the ways the Lord revealed the Word to the ancients. It is not surprising to find Nebuchadnezzar greatly disturbed by a dream, to the point that "his sleep left him." Sleep, when dreams occur, depicts a state of obscurity. In Nebuchadnezzar's case, the obscurity arose because he represents false thoughts resulting from a selfish lust for power. Selfishness obscures the truth because it makes it impossible to focus outside of the self.

Nebuchadnezzar represents falsity from selfishness and the desire to dominate and control others. When this is in charge, people become manipulative, insisting that everything serve their own ends. They are willing to twist any truth, even destroy it, to justify their actions. The danger in this state is its attraction; it can invade the mind and establish an empire.

This is our state before regeneration. However, Divine Providence mandates that in order to remove this, we must become conscious of our Nebuchadnezzar states. This may be difficult because reflection requires perspective, which starts out obscured — asleep. Nebuchadnezzar, unable to remember or interpret his dream, commanded his magicians, astrologers, sorcerers and Chaldeans to ease his mind.

When the wise men were unable, the king began killing them. In the internal sense, "to kill," means to turn truths into falsities. Daniel and his companions were to be included in the slaughter, but they were different from the other wise men, who represented falsity based on abuse or misuse of truth grounded in selfishness. Daniel and his friends served the Lord.

Daniel's name had been changed to 'Belteshazzar,' symbolizing the perversion of truth by love of self. Yet in this verse, they sought 'Daniel' and his companions to kill them. This shows a human quality hidden from daily life. If Nebuchadnezzar represents blind selfishness, to save us, the Lord must keep truth hidden from the flow of selfish thought. When his hidden name is used, Daniel represents this hidden thought, protected and ready for use against selfishness.

In chapter one, Daniel rejects Nebuchadnezzar by refusing to eat his food. Once again, he stands against the king who reveals his evil in his willingness to kill when displeased. Nebuchadnezzar is the epitome of self-worship, Daniel is the true worshiper of the Lord.

Daniel and his friends sought "mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret." Despite their position as 'wise men,' they humbled themselves to the Lord. This is a picture of the submission necessary for conscience to direct the unruly external self.

Daniel was given insight into the fallen human, the decline caused by selfishness. People faced with these insights often run and hide. Yet without self-knowledge, people cannot make any spiritual progress. By blessing the Lord, Daniel recognizes that only His divine power can help people put evils into order. Without this, spiritual life is over.

This gratitude embodies a New Church principle: all goodness and truth are from the Lord alone. Any insight people have into the nature of evils must come from the Him. Evil is blind to itself, but truth shows it for what it is. By thanking the Lord for insight, people can face their evils.

Before he can be killed, Daniel requests an audience with the king. Outward behaviors can be aligned with good or evil, and so Arioch, captain of the guard, acts on Daniel's request in spite of Nebuchadnezzar's orders. His words to the king show how useful things can ally themselves to the truth. So Arioch advocates for Daniel.

In his entreaty, Arioch emphasizes Daniel's heritage: "a man of the captives of Judah." This may have cast the king's mind back to his campaign in Judah, or even to the young man prepared for his service, filled with wisdom and glowing with physical health. In the internal sense, 'Judah' represents the church with a person, initially through truths. So Arioch identifies Daniel as truth from the Word. Nebuchadnezzar knew Daniel by his Babylonian name of Belteshazzar: when people in falsity are presented with truth, they view it as mere information for their own use. This is why an adulterer sees no difference between adultery and marriage, or a liar no distinction between truth and falsity.

Daniel is the conscience, which can be thought of as guilt or sorrow for actions. But at it's core, conscience is guidance by the truths of the Word. For truths to guide us, we must recognize their Divine authority and origin: none of the wise men, astrologers, magicians, or soothsayers could tell and interpret the king's dream.

In the sense of the letter, Daniel could begin because he established that the dream was from God, and thus interpreted by God. Daniel was simply a mouthpiece. For us, the self-awareness needed to move us from selfishness to charity comes from the Lord. Only He can direct our lives, but leaves us in freedom to accept that direction or not.

Daniel described Nebuchadnezzar's dream: the great image, with a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, belly and thighs of bronze, legs of iron, and feet partly of iron and partly of clay. Even in the literal sense of the story one sees the steady decline from precious to base to valueless.

Many scholars describe this dream in political terms. They claim it describes successive nations or rulers in the earth, from the Babylonians, to the Greeks, the Romans, and so on. However, the Word deals with spiritual, not worldly things. In one sense, this dream speaks of the different spiritual eras that have existed in this world. This is called the "internal historical" sense. On this level, Nebuchadnezzar's dream describes the rise and fall of the ancient churches to the present. This exposition focuses on a deeper level: the regenerative series, or how the Word tells of each individual's spiritual life.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream symbolizes allowing selfishness to dictate our thoughts and beliefs. Babylon is a state of great selfishness, the opposite of loving the Lord. This is the origin of all evils, going hand in hand with falsity, which twists and perverts the truth, making it a slave to our desires. The dream describes how this state gains mastery of the human mind. It begins before selfishness gains a toehold in our thoughts, and ends in the destruction of our very humanity.

The vision begins with the head because it is the highest part of a human being. But the key to this head is that it is gold, symbolizing love to the Lord. The chest and arms are physically lower than the head, and silver is less valuable than gold. The chest and arms represent the rational parts of the mind. Silver represents truths derived from the goodness within. This change from loving the Lord to thinking from truth marks a change in focus: good embraces all, opening us up to each other in a life of mutual love and charity. Truth, on the other hand, is more open to abuse: ideas of truth have been the cause of many wars and conflicts. Truth is used to hurt as often as to nurture goodness. It is a double edged sword.

At the next level, the decline becomes more obvious: from the head to the chest to the belly and thighs – half way down the body. From gold to silver to bronze, precious metal turns to base. The belly and thighs normally depict the good of loving the Lord and the neighbor, called charity. Here, however, it is twisted into the opposite sense: disregard for others, and one's own interpretation of truth. To the person in this state, these things appear good. So the belly and thighs were made of bronze, an alloy that can be polished until it gleams like gold, but it is not, nor ever can be transmuted.

So we are brought to the lower parts of the body: the legs of iron. In place of truth, falsity takes charge. This is depicted by the iron, which merely looks like silver. The legs are followed by the outer extreme of spiritual life: the feet. The feet are the lowest part of our body. Feet correspond to the outmost of our lives, which should be the expression of the Lord's goodness and truth through us. Instead, the feet of the statue are a weak spot: a mixture of iron and clay. In this image, we see the entire devolution of selfishness – carried into our very action – a life devoid of real goodness or truth, only a false image.

At the climax of the dream, a stone strikes the image and breaks it to pieces. This shows us our true character and the power of truth to bring us back from the brink of disaster. The stone was cut without hands: it is not of human origin. Here the Divine truth contrasts with the king’s practice of consulting his wise men and magicians, who represent selfish human thought. Divine truth leads to all goodness when used the way the Lord intends. Detached from human rationalizing, the truth liberates.

This freedom is the new vision of truth: the stone grows into a mountain. "A mountain" symbolizes love – a new love from truth, that replaces the selfishness and the desire for control. The mountain filling the earth symbolizes the way this new truth and love become the center and focus of our lives. We are created anew by the Lord's truth.

Having described the dream in great detail, Daniel then explains its meaning. He begins with what seems like an affirmation of Nebuchadnezzar; the Lord gave us our love of self! He ordained that we should feel life as our own and have no sense of His life flowing into us. This allows us to act according to our reason, and respond to the Lord in freedom. Selfishness is the abuse of this gift from the Lord, and the kingdom changes its meaning from truth to falsity.

Nebuchadnezzar clearly confuses Daniel with the Lord, and ascribes the power to interpret dreams to him. But the reality of selfishness becomes clear when contrasted with the ideals of conscience. If selfishness cannot reflect upon itself, it needs to be confronted with truth – and truth shows the true nature of evil and convicts it.

Nebuchadnezzar promoted Daniel and his three friends to positions of power. He recognized their God as the God of gods, the Lord of kings. But he continues to recognize the previous gods who served Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar may have elevated the Lord above Marduk, the Babylonian god, but he was neither willing nor prepared to jettison his customary deity.

Spiritual life must begin somewhere, and this interaction between Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel symbolizes the beginning. There is still a great distance to travel before we are truly born again. The old selfish side will reassert itself, new arguments and battles will rage. Yet the promise of Nebuchadnezzar's dream is still with us.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 173


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 426, 1298, 1326, 1361, 1422, 1551, 1837, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 211, 538, 567, 664, 717, 775, 781, ...

L'Amour Conjugal 73, 78, 79, 81

Divine Providence 328

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 42, 48

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 117

The Last Judgement 54

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 156, 275, 609, 625, 754, 761, 788


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 176, 237, 411, 577, 650, 662, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 2, 37

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 40:8, 12, 18, 41:8, 14, 26, 28, 41, 43

Exode 7:11

Nombres 12:6

Deutéronome 10:17, 29:28

Josué 22:22

1 Samuel 6:2

2 Samuel 7:13, 16

1 Rois 1:31

2 Rois 5:15

1 Chroniques 29:10

Esdras 1:2, 6:11

Néhémie 9:5

Esther 1:13, 3:2

Emploi 12:13, 18, 22

Psaumes 2:6, 9, 96:4, 113:2, 136:26, 139:12, 147:5

Proverbes 2:6, 16:14

Ecclésiaste 8:1

Ésaïe 28:16, 36:11, 47:12, 13

Jérémie 25:1, 27:5, 6, 33:3

Ézéchiel 26:7

Daniel 1:6, 17, 2:6, 31, 36, 37, 48, 3:1, 9, 12, 29, 30, 4:2, 3, 4, 6, 14, 18, 19, 22, 5:7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 18, 28, 6:7, 27, 7:4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 23, ...

Aggée 2:22

Matthieu 3:2, 21:44

Luc 1:33, 20:18

Les Actes des Apôtres 3:12, 10:25, 14:13

Romains 11:33

1 Timothée 6:15, 16

Hébreux 12:27

Jacques 1:5

Apocalypse 1, 11:15, 12:8, 17:14, 19:15

Významy biblických slov

seconde
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

songes
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

sommeil
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

caldéens
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

vinrent
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

songe
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

savoir
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

l'interprétation
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

interprétation
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Daniel
The book of Daniel follows after Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Daniel was a prophet during the early part of the captivity of the Jews...

Cieux
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

astrologues
'Soothsayers' were people who studied natural magic.

devins
'Soothsayers' were people who studied natural magic.

Nébucadnetsar
Nebuchadnezzar was a powerful king of the Babylonian empire. His fiery furnace and his dreams of the great tree and of the great statue are...

voir
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

frappé
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

mêleront
'To mix' signifies falsifying truth and profaning it.

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

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