Amos 4

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Ecoutez cette parole-ci, vaches de Basan, qui [vous tenez] dans la montagne de Samarie, qui faites tort aux chétifs, et qui opprimez les pauvres; qui dites à leurs seigneurs : Apportez, et que nous buvions.

2 Le Seigneur l'Eternel a juré par sa sainteté, que voici, les jours viennent sur vous qu'il vous enlèvera sur des boucliers; et ce qui restera de vous, avec des hameçons de pêche.

3 Et vous sortirez dehors par les brèches, chacune devant soi; et vous jetterez là [ce que vous avez amassé] dans les palais, dit l'Eternel.

4 Entrez dans Béthel, et y commettez vos crimes ; multipliez vos péchés dans Guilgal, et amenez vos sacrifices dès le matin, et vos dîmes au bout de trois ans [accomplis.]

5 Et faites un parfum de pain levé pour l'oblation d'action de grâces; publiez les oblations volontaires, et faites les savoir; car vous l'aimez ainsi, enfants d'Israël, dit le Seigneur l'Eternel.

6 C'est pourquoi aussi, je vous ai envoyé la famine en toutes vos villes, et la disette de pain en toutes vos demeures; mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

7 Je vous ai aussi retenu la pluie, quand il restait encore trois mois jusqu'à la moisson, et j'ai fait pleuvoir sur une ville, et je n'ai point fait pleuvoir sur l'autre; une pièce de terre a été arrosée de pluie, et l'autre pièce, sur laquelle il n'a point plu, est desséchée.

8 Et deux, même trois villes, sont allées vers une ville pour boire de l'eau, et n'ont point été désaltérées, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

9 Je vous ai frappés de brûlure, et de nielle; et le hanneton a brouté autant de jardins et de vignes, de figuiers et d'oliviers que vous aviez, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

10 Je vous ai envoyé la mortalité, de la manière que je l'avais envoyée en Egypte, et j'ai fait mourir par l'épée vos gens d'élite, et vos chevaux qui avaient été pris, et j'ai fait monter la puanteur de vos camps même en vos narines, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

11 J'en ai renversé d'entre vous en la manière que Dieu renversa Sodome et Gomorrhe, et vous avez été comme un tison arraché du feu, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel,

12 C'est pourquoi je te traiterai ainsi, ô Israël! et parce que je te ferai ceci, prépare-toi à la rencontre de ton Dieu, ô Israël!

13 Car voici, celui qui a formé les montagnes, et qui a créé le vent, et qui déclare à l'homme quelle est sa pensée, qui fait l'aube [et] l'obscurité, et qui marche sur les lieux hauts de la terre; l'Eternel Dieu des armées est son Nom.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Samarie
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

seigneurs
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

nous
Because people are governed by angels and spirits, in Genesis 1:26 it says 'let us make man into our image.' But because the Lord alone...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

saintetÉ
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

brèches
A breach (Gen. 38:29) signifies the infraction and perversion of truth, by separation from good. A breach signifies falsity of doctrine, and the stroke of...

palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

entrez
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Béthel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

matin
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dîmes
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

d'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

pain
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

pluie
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

mois
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

desséchée
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

l'eau
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

brûlure
Blasting and mildew (Amos 4:9) signifies evil and falsity in the ex­tremes, or from the sensual corporeal principle.

vignes
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

figuiers
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

envoyé
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

camps
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

renversé
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

Dieu
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Sodome
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

Terre
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

armées
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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