Amos 4

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1 Ecoutez cette parole-ci, vaches de Basan, qui [vous tenez] dans la montagne de Samarie, qui faites tort aux chétifs, et qui opprimez les pauvres; qui dites à leurs seigneurs : Apportez, et que nous buvions.

2 Le Seigneur l'Eternel a juré par sa sainteté, que voici, les jours viennent sur vous qu'il vous enlèvera sur des boucliers; et ce qui restera de vous, avec des hameçons de pêche.

3 Et vous sortirez dehors par les brèches, chacune devant soi; et vous jetterez là [ce que vous avez amassé] dans les palais, dit l'Eternel.

4 Entrez dans Béthel, et y commettez vos crimes ; multipliez vos péchés dans Guilgal, et amenez vos sacrifices dès le matin, et vos dîmes au bout de trois ans [accomplis.]

5 Et faites un parfum de pain levé pour l'oblation d'action de grâces; publiez les oblations volontaires, et faites les savoir; car vous l'aimez ainsi, enfants d'Israël, dit le Seigneur l'Eternel.

6 C'est pourquoi aussi, je vous ai envoyé la famine en toutes vos villes, et la disette de pain en toutes vos demeures; mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

7 Je vous ai aussi retenu la pluie, quand il restait encore trois mois jusqu'à la moisson, et j'ai fait pleuvoir sur une ville, et je n'ai point fait pleuvoir sur l'autre; une pièce de terre a été arrosée de pluie, et l'autre pièce, sur laquelle il n'a point plu, est desséchée.

8 Et deux, même trois villes, sont allées vers une ville pour boire de l'eau, et n'ont point été désaltérées, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

9 Je vous ai frappés de brûlure, et de nielle; et le hanneton a brouté autant de jardins et de vignes, de figuiers et d'oliviers que vous aviez, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

10 Je vous ai envoyé la mortalité, de la manière que je l'avais envoyée en Egypte, et j'ai fait mourir par l'épée vos gens d'élite, et vos chevaux qui avaient été pris, et j'ai fait monter la puanteur de vos camps même en vos narines, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel.

11 J'en ai renversé d'entre vous en la manière que Dieu renversa Sodome et Gomorrhe, et vous avez été comme un tison arraché du feu, mais pour cela vous ne vous êtes point retournés jusqu'à moi, dit l'Eternel,

12 C'est pourquoi je te traiterai ainsi, ô Israël! et parce que je te ferai ceci, prépare-toi à la rencontre de ton Dieu, ô Israël!

13 Car voici, celui qui a formé les montagnes, et qui a créé le vent, et qui déclare à l'homme quelle est sa pensée, qui fait l'aube [et] l'obscurité, et qui marche sur les lieux hauts de la terre; l'Eternel Dieu des armées est son Nom.



Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 are talking about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things.

In the Bible, fish represent "lower" things than mammals, so we can interpret the fishhooks in verse 2 as meaning being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 are about acts of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only external sorts of things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (in verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (see Secrets of Heaven 6380). It follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when where there are too many false ideas, the truths don't get through. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown by blight attacking the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges. Profanation means the mixing of good and evil together. (See Secrets of Heaven 1001[2]).

This extends to all things of the church, with the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768[3]).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it,” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13: Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 are talking about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things.

In the Bible, fish represent "lower" things than mammals, so we can interpret the fishhooks in verse 2 as meaning being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 are about acts of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only external sorts of things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (in verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (see Secrets of Heaven 6380). It follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when where there are too many false ideas, the truths don't get through. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown by blight attacking the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges. Profanation means the mixing of good and evil together. (See Secrets of Heaven 1001[2]).

This extends to all things of the church, with the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768[3]).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it,” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13: Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 49


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Významy biblických slov

vaches
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Samarie
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

seigneurs
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

saintetÉ
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

brèches
A breach (Gen. 38:29) signifies the infraction and perversion of truth, by separation from good. A breach signifies falsity of doctrine, and the stroke of...

les palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

entrez
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Matin
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dîmes
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

levé
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

pain
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

Pluie
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

plu
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

Mois
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

pleuvoir
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

desséchée
In the Bible (and in life), the idea of withering is usually connected to plants, and plants generally wither if they don't get enough water....

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

boire
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

l'eau
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

brûlure
Blasting and mildew (Amos 4:9) signifies evil and falsity in the ex­tremes, or from the sensual corporeal principle.

vignes
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

figuiers
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

envoyé
'To send' signifies revealing.

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

camps
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

Renversé
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Sodome
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

formé
Forming from the womb, as in Isaiah 44:2, 24; 49:1, 5, signifies the reformer. For references to the Lord as Reformer and Regenerator, see Doctrine...

les montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

déclare
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

armées
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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