1 Samuel 8

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Et il arriva que quand Samuel fut devenu vieux, il établit ses fils pour Juges sur Israël.

2 Son fils premier-né avait nom Joël; et le second avait nom Abija; [et] ils jugeaient à Beersébah.

3 Mais ses fils ne suivaient point son exemple, car ils se détournaient après le gain déshonnête; ils prenaient des présents, et ils s'éloignaient de la justice.

4 C'est pourquoi tous les Anciens d'Israël s'assemblèrent, et vinrent vers Samuel à Rama;

5 Et lui dirent : Voici, tu es devenu vieux, et tes fils ne suivent point tes voies; maintenant établis sur nous un Roi pour nous juger comme en ont toutes les nations.

6 Et Samuel fut affligé de ce qu'ils lui avaient dit : Etablis sur nous un Roi pour nous juger; et Samuel fit requête à l'Eternel.

7 Et l'Eternel dit à Samuel : Obéis à la voix du peuple en tout ce qu'ils te diront : car ce n'est pas toi qu'ils ont rejeté, mais c'est moi qu'ils ont rejeté, afin que je ne règne point sur eux.

8 Selon toutes les actions qu'ils ont faites depuis le jour que je les ai fait monter hors d'Egypte jusques à ce jour, et qu'ils m'ont abandonné, et ont servi d'autres dieux; ainsi en font-ils aussi à ton égard.

9 Maintenant donc obéis à leur voix; mais ne manque point de leur protester, et de leur déclarer comment le Roi qui régnera sur eux, les traitera.

10 Ainsi Samuel dit toutes les paroles de l'Eternel, au peuple qui lui avait demandé un Roi.

11 Il leur dit donc : Ce sera ici la manière en laquelle vous traitera le Roi qui régnera sur vous. Il prendra vos fils et les mettra sur ses chariots, et parmi ses gens de cheval, et ils courront devant son chariot.

12 [Il les prendra] aussi pour les établir Gouverneurs sur milliers, et Gouverneurs sur cinquantaines, pour faire son labourage, pour faire sa moisson, et pour faire ses instruments de guerre, et [tout] l'attirail de ses chariots.

13 Il prendra aussi vos filles pour en faire des parfumeuses, des cuisinières, et des boulangères.

14 Il prendra aussi vos champs, vos vignes; et les terres où sont vos bons oliviers, et il [les] donnera à ses serviteurs.

15 Il dîmera ce que vous aurez semé et ce que vous aurez vendangé, et il le donnera à ses Eunuques, et à ses serviteurs.

16 Il prendra vos serviteurs, et vos servantes, et l'élite de vos jeunes gens, et vos ânes, et les emploiera à ses ouvrages.

17 Il dîmera vos troupeaux, et vous serez ses esclaves.

18 En ce jour-là vous crierez à cause de votre Roi que vous vous serez choisi, mais l'Eternel ne vous exaucera point en ce jour-là.

19 Mais le peuple ne voulut point acquiescer au discours de Samuel, et ils dirent : Non; mais il y aura un Roi sur nous.

20 Nous serons aussi comme toutes les nations; et notre Roi Nous jugera, il sortira devant Nous, et il conduira nos guerres.

21 Samuel donc entendit toutes les paroles du peuple, et les rapporta à l'Eternel.

22 Et l'Eternel dit à Samuel : Obéis à leur voix, et établis leur un Roi. Et Samuel dit à ceux d'Israël : Allez-vous-en chacun en sa ville.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

vieux
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

premier-né
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

jugeaient
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

Gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

Justice
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vinrent
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

juger
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Règne
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

protester
'To protest' signifies being averse.

déclarer
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

milliers
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

Instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

vignes
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

bons
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

eunuques
A eunuch (Isaiah 56:3, 5) denotes the natural man as to good, and the son of the stranger denotes the natural man as to truth;...

Servantes
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

troupeaux
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

jugera
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

guerres
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

entendit
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

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