1 Samuel 5

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1 Or les Philistins prirent l'Arche de Dieu, et l'emmenèrent d'Eben-hézer à Asdod.

2 Les Philistins donc prirent l'Arche de Dieu, et l'emmenèrent dans la maison de Dagon, et la posèrent auprès de Dagon.

3 Et le lendemain les Asdodiens s'étant levés de bon matin, voici, Dagon était tombé le visage contre terre, devant l'Arche de l'Eternel; mais ils prirent Dagon, et le remirent à sa place.

4 Ils se levèrent encore le lendemain de bon matin, et voici, Dagon était tombé le visage contre terre, devant l'Arche de l'Eternel; sa tête et les deux paumes de ses mains coupées, étaient sur le seuil, et le tronc seul de Dagon était demeuré auprès de [l'Arche].

5 C'est pour cela que les Sacrificateurs de Dagon, et tous ceux qui entrent en sa maison, ne marchent point sur le seuil de Dagon à Asdod, jusqu'à aujourd'hui.

6 Puis la main de l'Eternel s'appesantit sur le Asdodiens, et les rendit tout désolés, et les frappa au dedans du fondement dans Asdod, et dans tout son territoire.

7 Ceux donc d'Asdod voyant qu'il en allait ainsi, dirent : L'Arche du Dieu d'Israël ne demeurera point avec nous; car sa main est appesantie sur nous, et sur Dagon notre Dieu.

8 Et ils envoyèrent, et assemblèrent vers eux tous les Gouverneurs des Philistins, et dirent : Que ferons-nous de l'Arche du Dieu d'Israël? Et ils répondirent : Qu'on transporte à Gath l'Arche du Dieu d'Israël. Ainsi on transporta l'Arche du Dieu d'Israël.

9 Mais il arriva qu'après qu'on l'eut transportée, la main de l'Eternel fut sur la ville [de Gath] avec un fort grand effroi; et il frappa les gens de la ville depuis le plus petit jusqu'au plus grand, tellement que leur fondement était couvert.

10 Ils envoyèrent donc l'Arche de Dieu à Hékron. Or comme l'Arche de Dieu entrait à Hékron, ceux de Hékron s'écrièrent, en disant : Ils ont fait détourner vers nous l'Arche du Dieu d'Israël, pour nous faire mourir, nous et notre peuple.

11 C'est pourquoi ils envoyèrent, et assemblèrent tous les Gouverneurs des Philistins, en disant : Laissez aller l'Arche du Dieu d'Israël, et qu'elle s'en retourne en son lieu; afin qu'elle ne nous fasse point mourir, nous et notre peuple; car il y avait une frayeur mortelle par toute la ville, et la main de Dieu y était fort appesantie.

12 Et les hommes qui n'en mouraient point, étaient frappés au dedans du fondement, de sorte que le cri de la ville montait jusqu'au ciel.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

La Divine Providence 326

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 23


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 71, 284, 614, 630, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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1 Samuel 4:1, 8, 6:2, 20, 17:52

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1 Chroniques 7:21, 10:10

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Ésaïe 20:1, 46:7

Jérémie 10:11, 14, 15

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Významy biblických slov

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

Matin
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

entrent
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

frappa
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

territoire
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

le plus petit
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

plus grand
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

entrait
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

s'écrièrent
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

retourne
Il existe de nombreux exemples dans la Bible qui décrivent des personnes qui se retournent, regardent en arrière ou font marche arrière. Dans la plupart...

ciel
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

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