1 Samuel 4

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1 Or ce que Samuel avait dit, arriva à tout Israël; car Israël sortit en bataille pour aller à la rencontre des Philistins, et se campa près d'Eben-hézer, et les Philistins se campèrent en Aphek.

2 Et les Philistins se rangèrent en bataille pour aller à la rencontre d'Israël, et quand on fut dans la mêlée, Israël fut battu devant les Philistins, qui en tuèrent environ quatre mille hommes en la bataille par la campagne.

3 Et le peuple étant revenu au camp, les Anciens d'Israël dirent : Pourquoi l'Eternel nous a-t-il battus aujourd'hui devant les Philistins; faisons-nous amener de Silo l'Arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel, et qu'il vienne au milieu de nous, et nous délivre de la main de nos ennemis.

4 Le peuple donc envoya à Silo, et on apporta de là l'Arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel des armées, qui habite entre les Chérubins; et là étaient les deux fils d'Héli, Hophni, et Phinées, avec l'Arche de l'alliance de Dieu.

5 Et il arriva que comme l'Arche de l'Eternel entrait au camp, tout Israël se mit à jeter de si grands cris de joie, que la terre en retentissait.

6 Et les Philistins entendant le bruit de ces cris de joie, dirent : Que veut dire ce bruit, [et que signifient] ces grands cris de joie au camp de ces Hébreux? et ils surent que l'Arche de l'Eternel était venue au camp.

7 Et les Philistins eurent peur, parce qu'on disait : Dieu est venu au camp; et ils dirent : Malheur à nous! car ceci n'a pas été aux jours passés.

8 Malheur à nous! Qui nous délivrera de la main de ces Dieux-là si glorieux? Ce sont ces Dieux qui ont frappé les Egyptiens au désert, outre toutes les autres plaies.

9 Philistins renforcez-vous, et soyez hommes, de peur que vous ne soyez asservis aux Hébreux, comme ils vous ont été asservis; soyez donc hommes, et combattez.

10 Les Philistins donc combattirent, et les Israëlites furent battus, et s'enfuirent chacun en sa tente; et il y eut une fort grande défaite, [car] il y demeura d'Israël trente mille hommes de pied.

11 Et l'Arche de Dieu fut prise, et les deux fils d'Héli, Hophni et Phinées, moururent.

12 Or un homme de Benjamin s'enfuit de la bataille, et arriva à Silo ce même jour-là, ayant ses vêtements déchirés, et de la terre sur sa tête.

13 Et comme il arrivait, voici, Héli était assis sur un siège à côté du chemin, étant attentif; car son cœur tremblait à cause de l'Arche de Dieu. Cet homme-là donc vint portant les nouvelles dans la ville, et toute la ville se mit à crier.

14 Et Héli entendant le bruit de ce cri, dit : Que veut dire ce grand tumulte? et cet homme se hâtant vint à Héli, et [lui] raconta [tout].

15 Or Héli était âgé de quatre vingt dix-huit ans; et ses yeux étaient tout ternis, et il ne pouvait voir.

16 Cet homme-là donc dit à Héli : Je suis celui qui viens de la bataille, car je me suis aujourd'hui échappé de la bataille. Et [Héli] dit : Qu'y est-il arrivé, mon fils?

17 Et celui qui portait les nouvelles répondit, et dit : Israël a fui devant les Philistins, et même il y a eu une grande défaite du peuple; et tes deux fils, Hophni et Phinées, sont morts, et l'Arche de Dieu a été prise.

18 Et il arriva qu'aussitôt qu'il eut fait mention de l'Arche de Dieu, [Héli] tomba à la renverse de dessus son siège à côté de la porte, et se rompit la nuque du cou, et mourut; car cet homme était vieux et pesant. Or il avait jugé Israël quarante ans.

19 Et sa belle-fille, femme de Phinées, qui était grosse, [et] sur le point d'accoucher, ayant appris la nouvelle que l'Arche de Dieu était prise, et que son beau-père et son mari étaient morts, se courba et enfanta ; car ses douleurs lui étaient survenues.

20 Et comme elle mourait, celles qui l'assistaient, lui dirent : Ne crains point; car tu as enfanté un fils; mais elle ne répondit rien, et n'en tint point de compte.

21 Mais elle nomma l'enfant I-Cabod, en disant : La gloire de l'Eternel est transportée d'Israël; parce que l'Arche de l'Eternel était prise, et à cause de son beau-père et de son mari.

22 Elle dit donc : La gloire est transportée d'Israël; car l'Arche de Dieu est prise.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

bataille
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

armées
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

habite
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

chérubins
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

entrait
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hébreux
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

Peur
La peur de l'inconnu et la peur du changement sont deux idées communes, qui couvrent ensemble un large spectre des peurs que nous avons tendance...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

frappé
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Egyptiens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

s'enfuirent
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

tente
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

assis
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

siège
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

homme-là
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

bruit
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

tumulte
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

hâtant
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

huit
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

voir
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

viens
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

jugé
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

quarante ans
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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