1 Samuel 2

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1 Alors Anne pria, et dit : Mon cœur s'est réjoui en l'Eternel; ma corne a été élevée par l'Eternel; ma bouche s'est ouverte sur mes ennemis, parce que je me suis réjouie de ton salut.

2 Il n'y a nul saint comme l'Eternel; car il n'y en a point d'autre que toi, et il n'y a point de Rocher tel que notre Dieu.

3 Ne proférez point tant de paroles hautaines, hautaines; qu'il ne sorte point de votre bouche des paroles rudes; car l'Eternel est le [Dieu] Fort des sciences; c'est à lui à peser les entreprises.

4 L'arc des forts a été brisé; mais ceux qui ne faisaient que chanceler, ont été ceints de force.

5 Ceux qui avaient accoutumé d'être rassasiés, se sont loués pour du pain; mais les affamés ont cessé [de l'être], et même la stérile en a enfanté sept; et celle qui avait beaucoup de fils est devenue languissante.

6 L'Eternel est celui qui fait mourir, et qui fait vivre; qui fait descendre au sépulcre, et qui [en] fait remonter.

7 L'Eternel appauvrit, et enrichit; il abaisse et il élève.

8 Il élève le pauvre de la poudre, et il tire le misérable de dessus le fumier, pour le faire asseoir avec les principaux, et il leur donne en héritage un trône de gloire; car les fondements de la terre sont à l'Eternel, et il a posé sur eux la terre habitable.

9 Il gardera les pieds de ses bien-aimés, et les méchants se tairont dans les ténèbres; car l'homme ne sera point le plus fort par sa force.

10 Ceux qui contestent contre l'Eternel seront froissés; il tonnera des cieux sur chacun d'eux; l'Eternel jugera les bouts de la terre; et il donnera la force à son Roi, et élèvera la corne de son oint.

11 Puis Elkana s'en alla à Rama en sa maison, et le jeune garçon vaquait au service de l'Eternel, en la présence d'Héli le Sacrificateur.

12 Or les fils d'Héli étaient de méchants hommes; ils ne connaissaient point l'Eternel,

13 Car le train ordinaire de ces Sacrificateurs-là envers le peuple, [était, que] quand quelqu'un faisait quelque sacrifice, le garçon du Sacrificateur venait lorsqu'on faisait bouillir la chair, ayant en sa main une fourchette à trois dents,

14 Avec laquelle il frappait dans la chaudière, ou dans le chauderon, ou dans la marmite, ou dans le pot; [et] le Sacrificateur prenait pour soi tout ce que la fourchette enlevait; ils en faisaient ainsi à tous ceux d'Israël qui venaient là à Silo.

15 Même avant qu'on fît fumer la graisse, le garçon du Sacrificateur venait, et disait à l'homme qui sacrifiait : Donne-moi de la chair à rôtir pour le Sacrificateur; car il ne prendra point de toi de chair bouillie, mais de la chair crue.

16 Que si l'homme lui répondait : Qu'on ne manque pas de faire fumer tout présentement la graisse; et après cela prends ce que ton âme souhaitera; alors il lui disait : Quoi qu'il en soit, tu en donneras maintenant; et si tu ne m'en donnes, j'en prendrai par force.

17 Et le péché de ces jeunes hommes fut très-grand devant l'Eternel; car les gens en méprisaient l'oblation de l'Eternel.

18 Or Samuel servait en la présence de l'Eternel, étant jeune garçon, vêtu d'un Ephod de lin.

19 Sa mère lui faisait un petit roquet, qu'elle lui apportait tous les ans, quand elle montait avec son mari pour offrir le sacrifice solennel.

20 Et Héli bénit Elkana et sa femme, et dit : L'Eternel te fasse avoir des enfants de cette femme, pour le prêt qui a été fait à L'Eternel. Et ils s'en retournèrent chez eux.

21 Et l'Eternel visita Anne, laquelle conçut et enfanta trois fils et deux filles; et le jeune garçon Samuel devint grand en la présence de l'Eternel.

22 Or Héli était fort vieux, et il apprit tout ce que faisaient ses fils à tout Israël, et qu'ils couchaient avec les femmes qui s'assemblaient par troupes à la porte du Tabernacle d'assignation.

23 Et il leur dit : Pourquoi faites-vous ces actions-là? car j'apprends vos méchantes actions; ces choses [me viennent] de tout le peuple.

24 Ne faites pas ainsi, mes fils; car ce que j'entends dire de vous n'est pas bon; vous faites pécher le peuple de l'Eternel.

25 Si un homme a péché contre un autre homme, le Juge en jugera; mais si quelqu'un pèche contre l'Eternel, qui est-ce qui priera pour lui? Mais ils n'obéirent point à la voix de leur père, parce que l'Eternel voulait les faire mourir.

26 Cependant le jeune garçon Samuel croissait et il était agréable à l'Eternel et aux hommes.

27 Or un homme de Dieu vint à Héli, et lui dit : Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : Ne me suis-je pas clairement manifesté à la maison de ton père, quand ils étaient en Egypte, en la maison de Pharaon?

28 Je l'ai aussi choisi d'entre toutes les Tribus d'Israël pour être mon Sacrificateur, afin d'offrir sur mon autel, [et] faire fumer les parfums, [et] porter l'Ephod devant moi; et j'ai donné à la maison de ton père toutes les oblations des enfants d'Israël faites par le feu.

29 Pourquoi avez-vous regimbé contre mon sacrifice, et contre mon oblation que j'ai commandé de faire dans le Tabernacle? et [pourquoi] as-tu honoré tes fils plus que moi, pour vous engraisser du meilleur de toutes les offrandes d'Israël mon peuple?

30 C'est pourquoi l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël dit : J'avais dit certainement que ta maison et la maison de ton père marcheraient devant moi éternellement; mais maintenant l'Eternel dit : Il ne sera pas dit que je fasse cela; car j'honorerai ceux qui m'honorent, mais ceux qui me méprisent seront traités avec le dernier mépris.

31 Voici les jours viennent que je couperai ton bras, et le bras de la maison de ton père, tellement qu'il n'y aura aucun homme en ta maison qui devienne vieux.

32 Et tu verras un adversaire [établi dans] le Tabernacle, au temps que [Dieu] enverra toute sorte de biens à Israël; et il n'y aura jamais en ta maison aucun homme qui devienne vieux.

33 Et celui [de tes descendants que] je n'aurai point retranché d'auprès de mon autel, sera pour faire défaillir tes yeux, et affliger ton âme; et tous les enfants de ta maison mourront en la fleur de l'âge.

34 Et ceci t'en sera le signe, [savoir] ce qui arrivera à tes deux fils, Hophni et Phinées, c'est qu'ils mourront tous deux en un même jour.

35 Et je m'établirai un Sacrificateur assuré; il fera selon ce qui est en mon cœur, et selon mon âme; et je lui édifierai une maison assurée, et il marchera à toujours devant mon Oint.

36 Et il arrivera que quiconque sera resté de ta maison, viendra se prosterner devant lui pour avoir une pièce d'argent, [et] quelque pain, et dira : Donne-moi une place, je te prie, dans quelqu'une des charges de la Sacrificature, pour manger un morceau de pain.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Významy biblických slov

Anne
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

réjoui
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

réjouie
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

salut
'Salvation, to the Lord our God,' as in Revelation 19:1, signifies an acknowledgment and confession that salvation is from the Lord.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

pain
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

affamés
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

beaucoup
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sépulcre
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

Poudre
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

fumier
Dunghills as in Lamentations 4:5 signify the falsities of evil.

asseoir
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

trône
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

pieds
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

méchants
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

ténèbres
Les "ténèbres" sont un état sans lumière. La "lumière" est la vérité venant du Seigneur, alors l'"obscurité" représente un état où la vérité fait défaut....

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Cieux
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

force
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Jeune
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

garçon
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

la chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

frappait
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Graisse
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

méprisaient
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

bénit
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

vieux
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

femmes
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

voix
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Pharaon
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

honoré
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

mépris
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

bras
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

prosterner
To adore, in the Word, signifies to acknowledge and believe.

Argent
'Money' relates to truth.

manger
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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