1 Samuel 10

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Or Samuel avait pris une fiole d'huile, laquelle il répandit sur la tête de Saül, puis il le baisa, et lui dit : L'Eternel ne t'a-t-il pas oint sur son héritage, pour en être le conducteur?

2 Quand tu seras aujourd'hui parti d'avec moi, tu trouveras deux hommes près du sépulcre de Rachel, sur la frontière de Benjamin à Tseltsah, qui te diront : Les ânesses que tu étais allé chercher ont été trouvées; et voici, ton père ne pense plus aux ânesses, et il est en peine de vous, disant : Que ferai-je au sujet de mon fils?

3 Et lorsque étant parti de là tu auras passé outre, et que tu seras venu jusqu'au bois de chênes de Tabor; tu seras rencontré par trois hommes qui montent vers Dieu, en la maison du [Dieu] Fort; l'un desquels porte trois chevreaux, l'autre trois pains, et l'autre un baril de vin.

4 Et ils te demanderont comment tu te portes, et ils te donneront deux pains, que tu recevras de leurs mains.

5 Après cela tu viendras au coteau de Dieu, où est la garnison des Philistins; et il arrivera que sitôt que tu seras entré dans la ville, tu rencontreras une compagnie de Prophètes descendant du haut lieu, ayant devant eux une musette, un tambour, une flûte, et un violon, et qui prophétisent.

6 Alors l'Esprit de l'Eternel te saisira, et tu prophétiseras avec eux, et tu seras changé en un autre homme.

7 Et quand ces signes-là te seront arrivés, fais [tout] ce qui se présentera à faire ; car Dieu est avec toi.

8 Puis tu descendras devant moi à Guilgal, et voici, je descendrai vers toi pour offrir des holocaustes, [et] sacrifier des sacrifices de prospérités, tu m'attendras là sept jours, jusqu'à ce que je sois arrivé vers toi, et je te déclarerai ce que tu devras faire.

9 Il arriva donc qu'aussitôt que [Saül] eut tourné le dos pour s'en aller d'avec Samuel, Dieu changea son cœur en un autre, et tous ces signes-là lui arrivèrent en ce même jour.

10 Car quand ils furent venus au coteau, voici une troupe de Prophètes [vint] au devant de lui; et l'Esprit de Dieu le saisit, et il prophétisa au milieu d'eux.

11 Et il arriva que quand tous ceux qui l'avaient connu auparavant, eurent vu qu'il était avec les Prophètes, [et] qu'il prophétisait, ceux du peuple se dirent l'un à l'autre : Qu'est-il arrivé au fils de Kis? Saül aussi est-il entre les Prophètes?

12 Et quelqu'un répondit, et dit : Et qui est leur père? C'est pourquoi cela passa en proverbe : Saül aussi est-il entre les Prophètes?

13 Or [Saül] ayant cessé de prophétiser, vint au haut lieu.

14 Et l'oncle de Saül dit à Saül et à son garçon : Où êtes-vous allés? Et il répondit : [Nous sommes allés] chercher les ânesses, mais voyant qu'elles ne [se trouvaient] point, nous sommes venus vers Samuel.

15 Et son oncle lui dit : Déclare-moi, je te prie, ce que vous a dit Samuel.

16 Et Saül dit à son oncle : Il nous a assuré que les ânesses étaient trouvées; mais il ne lui déclara point le discours que Samuel lui avait tenu touchant la Royauté.

17 Or Samuel assembla le peuple devant l'Eternel à Mitspa.

18 Et il dit aux enfants d'Israël : Ainsi a dit l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël : J'ai fait monter Israël hors d'Egypte, et je vous ai délivrés de la main des Egyptiens, et de la main de tous les Royaumes qui vous opprimaient.

19 Mais aujourd'hui vous avez rejeté votre Dieu, lequel est celui qui vous a délivrés de tous vos maux, et de vos afflictions, et vous avez dit : Non; mais établis-nous un Roi. Présentez-vous donc maintenant devant l'Eternel, selon vos Tribus, et selon vos milliers.

20 Ainsi Samuel fit approcher toutes les Tribus d'Israël; et la Tribu de Benjamin fut saisie.

21 Après il fit approcher la Tribu de Benjamin selon ses familles; et la famille de Matri fut saisie; puis Saül fils de Kis fut saisi, lequel ils cherchèrent, mais il ne se trouva point.

22 Et ils consultèrent encore l'Eternel, [en disant] : L'homme n'est-il pas encore venu ici? Et l'Eternel dit : Le voilà caché parmi le bagage.

23 Ils coururent donc, et le tirèrent de là, et il se présenta au milieu du peuple, et il était plus haut que tout le peuple depuis les épaules en haut.

24 Et Samuel dit à tout le peuple : Ne voyez-vous pas qu'il n'y en a point en tout le peuple qui soit semblable à celui que l'Eternel a choisi? Et le peuple jeta des cris de joie, et dit : Vive le Roi.

25 Alors Samuel prononça au peuple le droit du Royaume, et l'écrivit dans un livre, lequel il mit devant l'Eternel. Puis Samuel renvoya le peuple, chacun en sa maison.

26 Saül aussi s'en alla en sa maison à Guébah, et les gens de guerre dont Dieu avait touché le cœur, s'en allèrent avec lui.

27 Mais il y eut de méchants hommes qui dirent : Comment celui-ci nous délivrerait-il? et ils le méprisèrent, et ne lui apportèrent point de présent; mais il fit le sourd.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 10      

In this chapter, Samuel took a flask of oil and anointed Saul’s head. He told Saul that the donkeys he was searching for had been found, and sent him instead to Bethel, which he also called the hill of God. Bethel, where the Ark of the Covenant was kept, was a holy place. It represents a knowledge of celestial things (see Arcana Coelestia 1453).

Samuel prophesied that Saul would encounter a group of prophets at Bethel. When Saul arrived there, he met them, and he immediately felt the Spirit of the Lord and prophesied with them. When Saul returned home, the people who knew him recognized that something about him had changed. Had he become a prophet?

Later in the story, Samuel again called the people together at Mizpah. He spoke to them about how they had rejected the Lord. Then he began a selection process, drawing lots to determine who would be their first king. The tribe of Benjamin was chosen, then the family of Matri, and ultimately Saul. However, Saul was reluctant, and was hiding. They searched for him, found him, and brought him before the people. The people saw his outstanding appearance and height, and accepted him as someone suitable. Saul explained “the manner of the kingdom", and also described it in a book. The gathering was then dismissed.

Right away, there were hints of future trouble. Some people, referred to as children of Belial, who doubted that Saul was the man to lead them, and they did not bring him gifts.

The children of Belial stand for false ideas that are derived from evil, hellish loves. They are associated with the worship of other gods.

In the Word, gifts symbolize an introduction, to “initiate goodwill and favour.” These people did not trust Saul, and did not seek to create a good relationship with him (see Arcana Coelestia 4262).

It was important that the kings of Israel were anointed with oil. It was a mark of the representative role that they were to take. As mentioned in the previous chapter, they could not represent the Lord in the type of loving way that priests could. Instead, they could represent His truth. They could be examples of what it means to live by and enforce the law and to provide order.

The oil that Samuel used to anoint Saul also has a symbolic meaning. It represents the Lord as the good of love (see Arcana Coelestia 9954). Swedenborg writes that the reason priests and kings were anointed is that through this they represented the Lord, in His Divine humanity (see Apocalypse Revealed 779).

In a number of places in Scripture it is said that each of us has been made “kings and priests to God.” (See especially Revelation 1:5 and 5:10) This means that our lives can evolve, with the Lord’s guidance, so that everything about us can be an expression of both His love and His teachings, as they exist as a unity. This is what is means to become the “image and likeness of God” as described in Genesis 1:26.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 796, 1453, 4262, 6983, 9954

Apocalypse Revealed 779


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 323, 375

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Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

oint
Dans la Bible, l'huile représente l'amour du Seigneur. Ainsi, oindre quelqu'un (ou quelque chose) avec de l'huile était une façon de faire de cette personne...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Rachel
'Rachel' denotes the affection of interior truth.

frontière
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

chercher
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

entré
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

prophètes
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

descendant
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Tambour
'A timbrel,' as in Psalms 81:2, has respect to what is spiritual.

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

signes
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

descendrai
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tourné
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

arrivèrent
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

l'esprit de Dieu
L'esprit de Dieu", comme dans Genèse 1:2signifie la miséricorde divine du Seigneur. L'esprit de Dieu" est son émanation. L'esprit de Dieu" désigne le bien au...

prophétisa
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

connu
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

les prophètes
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

prophétisait
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Saül
Saul was the first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel when the people insisted on having a king. Like all the kings, both good and...

garçon
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

déclare
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Mitspa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Egyptiens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

délivrés
The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

afflictions
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

milliers
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

famille
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

touché
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

comment
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Présent
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

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