Nombres 31

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1 L'Eternel parla à Moïse, et dit:

2 Venge les enfants d'Israël sur les Madianites; tu seras ensuite recueilli auprès de ton peuple.

3 Moïse parla au peuple, et dit: Equipez d'entre vous des hommes pour l'armée, et qu'ils marchent contre Madian, afin d'exécuter la vengeance de l'Eternel sur Madian.

4 Vous enverrez à l'armée mille hommes par tribu, de toutes les tribus d'Israël.

5 On leva d'entre les milliers d'Israël mille hommes par tribu, soit douze mille hommes équipés pour l'armée.

6 Moïse envoya à l'armée ces mille hommes par tribu, et avec eux le fils du sacrificateur Eléazar, Phinées, qui portait les instruments sacrés et les trompettes retentissantes.

7 Ils s'avancèrent contre Madian, selon l'ordre que l'Eternel avait donné à Moïse; et ils tuèrent tous les mâles.

8 Ils tuèrent les rois de Madian avec tous les autres, Evi, Rékem, Tsur, Hur et Réba, cinq rois de Madian; ils tuèrent aussi par l'épée Balaam, fils de Beor.

9 Les enfants d'Israël firent prisonnières les femmes des Madianites avec leurs petits enfants, et ils pillèrent tout leur bétail, tous leurs troupeaux et toutes leurs richesses.

10 Ils incendièrent toutes les villes qu'ils habitaient et tous leurs enclos.

11 Ils prirent toutes les dépouilles et tout le butin, personnes et bestiaux;

12 et ils amenèrent les captifs, le butin et les dépouilles, à Moïse, au sacrificateur Eléazar, et à l'assemblée des enfants d'Israël, campés dans les plaines de Moab, près du Jourdain, vis-à-vis de Jéricho.

13 Moïse, le sacrificateur Eléazar, et tous les princes de l'assemblée, sortirent au-devant d'eux, hors du camp.

14 Et Moïse s'irrita contre les commandants de l'armée, les chefs de milliers et les chefs de centaines, qui revenaient de l'expédition.

15 Il leur dit: Avez-vous laissé la vie à toutes les femmes?

16 Voici, ce sont elles qui, sur la parole de Balaam, ont entraîné les enfants d'Israël à l'infidélité envers l'Eternel, dans l'affaire de Peor; et alors éclata la plaie dans l'assemblée de l'Eternel.

17 Maintenant, tuez tout mâle parmi les petits enfants, et tuez toute femme qui a connu un homme en couchant avec lui;

18 mais laissez en vie pour vous toutes les filles qui n'ont point connu la couche d'un homme.

19 Et vous, campez pendant sept jours hors du camp; tous ceux d'entre vous qui ont tué quelqu'un, et tous ceux qui ont touché un mort, se purifieront le troisième et le septième jour, eux et vos prisonniers.

20 Vous purifierez aussi tout vêtement, tout objet de peau, tout ouvrage de poil de chèvre et tout ustensile de bois.

21 Le sacrificateur Eléazar dit aux soldats qui étaient allés à la guerre: Voici ce qui est ordonné par la loi que l'Eternel a prescrite à Moïse.

22 L'or, l'argent, l'airain, le fer, l'étain et le plomb,

23 tout objet qui peut aller au feu, vous le ferez passer par le feu pour le rendre pur. Mais c'est par l'eau de purification que sera purifié tout ce qui ne peut aller au feu; vous le ferez passer dans l'eau.

24 Vous laverez vos vêtements le septième jour, et vous serez purs; ensuite, vous pourrez entrer dans le camp.

25 L'Eternel dit à Moïse:

26 Fais, avec le sacrificateur Eléazar et les chefs de maison de l'assemblée, le compte du butin, de ce qui a été pris, personnes et bestiaux.

27 Partage le butin entre les combattants qui sont allés à l'armée et toute l'assemblée.

28 Tu prélèveras sur la portion des soldats qui sont allés à l'armée un tribut pour l'Eternel, savoir: un sur cinq cents, tant des personnes que des boeufs, des ânes et des brebis.

29 Vous le prendrez sur leur moitié, et tu le donneras au sacrificateur Eléazar comme une offrande à l'Eternel.

30 Et sur la moitié qui revient aux enfants d'Israël tu prendras un sur cinquante, tant des personnes que des boeufs, des ânes et des brebis, de tout animal; et tu le donneras aux Lévites, qui ont la garde du tabernacle de l'Eternel.

31 Moïse et le sacrificateur Eléazar firent ce que l'Eternel avait ordonné à Moïse.

32 Le butin, reste du pillage de ceux qui avaient fait partie de l'armée, était de six cent soixante-quinze mille brebis,

33 soixante-douze mille boeufs,

34 soixante et un mille ânes,

35 et trente-deux mille personnes ou femmes qui n'avaient point connu la couche d'un homme. -

36 La moitié, formant la part de ceux qui étaient allés à l'armée, fut de trois cent trente-sept mille cinq cents brebis,

37 dont six cent soixante-quinze pour le tribut à l'Eternel;

38 trente-six mille boeufs, dont soixante-douze pour le tribut à l'Eternel;

39 trente mille cinq cents ânes, dont soixante et un pour le tribut à l'Eternel;

40 et seize mille personnes, dont trente-deux pour le tribut à l'Eternel.

41 Moïse donna au sacrificateur Eléazar le tribut réservé comme offrande à l'Eternel, selon ce que l'Eternel lui avait ordonné. -

42 La moitié qui revenait aux enfants d'Israël, séparée par Moïse de celle des hommes de l'armée,

43 et formant la part de l'assemblée, fut de trois cent trente-sept mille cinq cents brebis,

44 trente-six mille boeufs,

45 trente mille cinq cents ânes,

46 et seize mille personnes.

47 Sur cette moitié qui revenait aux enfants d'Israël, Moïse prit un sur cinquante, tant des personnes que des animaux; et il le donna aux Lévites, qui ont la garde du tabernacle de l'Eternel, selon ce que l'Eternel lui avait ordonné.

48 Les commandants des milliers de l'armée, les chefs de milliers et les chefs de centaines, s'approchèrent de Moïse,

49 et lui dirent: Tes serviteurs ont fait le compte des soldats qui étaient sous nos ordres, et il ne manque pas un homme d'entre nous.

50 Nous apportons, comme offrande à l'Eternel, chacun les objets d'or que Nous avons trouvés, chaînettes, bracelets, anneaux, pendants d'oreilles, et colliers, afin de faire pour nos personnes l'expiation devant l'Eternel.

51 Moïse et le sacrificateur Eléazar reçurent d'eux tous ces objets travaillés en or.

52 Tout l'or, que les chefs de milliers et les chefs de centaines présentèrent à l'Eternel en offrande par élévation, pesait seize mille sept cent cinquante sicles.

53 Les hommes de l'armée gardèrent chacun le butin qu'ils avaient fait.

54 Moïse et le sacrificateur Eléazar prirent l'or des chefs de milliers et des chefs de centaines, et l'apportèrent à la tente d'assignation, comme souvenir pour les enfants d'Israël devant l'Eternel.

  
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Explanation of Numbers 31      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-12. Concerning the removal of falsifications of truth with the man of the Spiritual Church by victory in temptation.

Verses 13-24. That purification must follow, because the outward rejection of falsified truths must be succeeded by the separation of impure affections, and incipient falsities, as well as of whatever impurities yet adhere externally to the acquired goods and truths of the church.

Verses 25-31. Concerning the new quality by victory, and the clear distinction to be made between the Celestial and Spiritual, or between good and truth.

Verses 32-54. That goods and truths of every kind and degree, in this new state, are fully ascribed to the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 3242


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 901, 2702, 2788, 2799, 3255, 4236, 4495, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 114, 397, 505


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 140, 242, 430, 502, 532, 555

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 34:29

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Deutéronome 4:22, 20:2, 13, 14

Josué 6:24, 9:27, 13:21, 22, 22:8

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1 Samuel 30:18, 19, 24

2 Chroniques 15:11, 20:25

Psaumes 68:13

Proverbes 11:3, 13:17

Apocalypse 2:14

Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

armée
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Madian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

milliers
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

ordre
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

tuèrent
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

femmes
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Madianites
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

Bétail
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

troupeaux
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

plaines
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Jéricho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

camp
Dans la Bible, les camps représentent l'ordre spirituel, c'est-à-dire l'ensemble des désirs d'une personne (ou d'une communauté ecclésiale) pour des idées bonnes et vraies sur...

commandants
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

chefs
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

connu
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Tué
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

touché
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

Mort
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

troisième
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

septième
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Vêtement
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

peau
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. See Arcana Coelestia 1835, 10036, and Apocalypse Explained 386. 'Skin,' as in Job 19:26, means...

Chèvre
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

l'or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

l'argent
'Money' relates to truth.

Argent
'Money' relates to truth.

Le fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

étain
'Tin,' as in Ezekiel 22:18, has respect to the literal sense of the Word, or the goods and truths of the natural self.

plomb
'Tin,' as in Ezekiel 22:18, has respect to the literal sense of the Word, or the goods and truths of the natural self.

Feu
Le feu, au sens spirituel, peut signifier à la fois l'amour et la haine selon le contexte, tout comme le feu naturel peut être à...

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

l'eau
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

entrer
Tous les changements de lieu dans la Bible représentent des changements d'état spirituel. "Entrer" - généralement utilisé comme entrer dans la maison de quelqu'un ou...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

brebis
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

cinquante
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

animal
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

cent
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Quinze
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

soixante
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

animaux
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

s'approchèrent
Le terme "dessin" est utilisé de différentes manières dans la Bible, généralement dans le sens de tirer, diriger ou déplacer : Le plus souvent, les...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

sous
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

d'or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

bracelets
'A scarf,' as in Genesis 38:18, denotes truth, because it is one of the items associated with 'garments', and 'garments' in general mean truths. As...

anneaux
'Rings' signify the conjunction of good and truth. In Exodus 25:12, 'rings' particularly signify divine truth with divine good.

sicles
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

souvenir
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.


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