Juges 6

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Les enfants d'Israël firent ce qui déplaît à l'Eternel; et l'Eternel les livra entre les mains de Madian, pendant sept ans.

2 La main de Madian fut puissante contre Israël. Pour échapper à Madian, les enfants d'Israël se retiraient dans les ravins des montagnes, dans les cavernes et sur les rochers fortifiés.

3 Quand Israël avait semé, Madian montait avec Amalek et les fils de l'Orient, et ils marchaient contre lui.

4 Ils campaient en face de lui, détruisaient les productions du pays jusque vers Gaza, et ne laissaient en Israël ni vivres, ni brebis, ni boeufs, ni ânes.

5 Car ils montaient avec leurs troupeaux et leurs tentes, ils arrivaient comme une multitude de sauterelles, ils étaient innombrables, eux et leurs chameaux, et ils venaient dans le pays pour le ravager.

6 Israël fut très malheureux à cause de Madian, et les enfants d'Israël crièrent à l'Eternel.

7 Lorsque les enfants d'Israël crièrent à l'Eternel au sujet de Madian,

8 l'Eternel envoya un prophète aux enfants d'Israël. Il leur dit: Ainsi parle l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël: Je vous ai fait monter d'Egypte, et je vous ai fait sortir de la maison de servitude.

9 Je vous ai délivrés de la main des Egyptiens et de la main de tous ceux qui vous opprimaient; je les ai chassés devant vous, et je vous ai donné leur pays.

10 Je vous ai dit: Je suis l'Eternel, votre Dieu; vous ne craindrez point les dieux des Amoréens, dans le pays desquels vous habitez. Mais vous n'avez point écouté ma voix.

11 Puis vint l'ange de l'Eternel, et il s'assit sous le térébinthe d'Ophra, qui appartenait à Joas, de la famille d'Abiézer. Gédéon, son fils, battait du froment au pressoir, pour le mettre à l'abri de Madian.

12 L'ange de l'Eternel lui apparut, et lui dit: l'Eternel est avec toi, vaillant héros!

13 Gédéon lui dit: Ah! mon seigneur, si l'Eternel est avec nous, pourquoi toutes ces choses nous sont-elles arrivées? Et où sont tous ces prodiges que nos pères nous racontent, quand ils disent: l'Eternel ne nous a-t-il pas fait monter hors d'Egypte? Maintenant l'Eternel nous abandonne, et il nous livre entre les mains de Madian!

14 L'Eternel se tourna vers lui, et dit: Va avec cette force que tu as, et délivre Israël de la main de Madian; n'est-ce pas moi qui t'envoie?

15 Gédéon lui dit: Ah! mon seigneur, avec quoi délivrerai-je Israël? Voici, ma famille est la plus pauvre en Manassé, et je suis le plus petit dans la maison de mon père.

16 L'Eternel lui dit: Mais je serai avec toi, et tu battras Madian comme un seul homme.

17 Gédéon lui dit: Si j'ai trouvé grâce à tes yeux, donne-moi un signe pour montrer que c'est toi qui me parles.

18 Ne t'éloigne point d'ici jusqu'à ce que je revienne auprès de toi, que j'apporte mon offrande, et que je la dépose devant toi. Et l'Eternel dit: Je resterai jusqu'à ce que tu reviennes.

19 Gédéon entra, prépara un chevreau, et fit avec un épha de farine des pains sans levain. Il mit la chair dans un panier et le jus dans un pot, les lui apporta sous le térébinthe, et les présenta.

20 L'ange de Dieu lui dit: Prends la chair et les pains sans levain, pose-les sur ce rocher, et répands le jus. Et il fit ainsi.

21 L'ange de l'Eternel avança l'extrémité du bâton qu'il avait à la main, et toucha la chair et les pains sans levain. Alors il s'éleva du rocher un feu qui consuma la chair et les pains sans levain. Et l'ange de l'Eternel disparut à ses yeux.

22 Gédéon, voyant que c'était l'ange de l'Eternel, dit: Malheur à moi, Seigneur Eternel! car j'ai vu l'ange de l'Eternel face à face.

23 Et l'Eternel lui dit: Sois en paix, ne crains point, tu ne mourras pas.

24 Gédéon bâtit là un autel à l'Eternel, et lui donna pour nom l'Eternel paix: il existe encore aujourd'hui à Ophra, qui appartenait à la famille d'Abiézer.

25 Dans la même nuit, l'Eternel dit à Gédéon: Prends le jeune taureau de ton père, et un second taureau de sept ans. Renverse l'autel de Baal qui est à ton père, et abats le pieu sacré qui est dessus.

26 Tu bâtiras ensuite et tu disposeras, sur le haut de ce rocher, un autel à l'Eternel ton Dieu. Tu prendras le second taureau, et tu offriras un holocauste, avec le bois de l'idole que tu auras abattue.

27 Gédéon prit dix hommes parmi ses serviteurs, et fit ce que l'Eternel avait dit; mais, comme il craignait la maison de son père et les gens de la ville, il l'exécuta de nuit, et non de jour.

28 Lorsque les gens de la ville se furent levés de bon matin, voici, l'autel de Baal était renversé, le pieu sacré placé dessus était abattu, et le second taureau était offert en holocauste sur l'autel qui avait été bâti.

29 Ils se dirent l'un à l'autre: Qui a fait cela? Et ils s'informèrent et firent des recherches. On leur dit: C'est Gédéon, fils de Joas, qui a fait cela.

30 Alors les gens de la ville dirent à Joas: Fais sortir ton fils, et qu'il meure, car il a renversé l'autel de Baal et abattu le pieu sacré qui était dessus.

31 Joas répondit à tous ceux qui se présentèrent à lui: Est-ce à vous de prendre parti pour Baal? est-ce à vous de venir à son secours? Quiconque prendra parti pour Baal mourra avant que le matin vienne. Si Baal est un dieu, qu'il plaide lui-même sa cause, puisqu'on a renversé son autel.

32 Et en ce jour l'on donna à Gédéon le nom de Jerubbaal, en disant: Que Baal plaide contre lui, puisqu'il a renversé son autel.

33 Tout Madian, Amalek et les fils de l'Orient, se rassemblèrent; ils passèrent le Jourdain, et campèrent dans la vallée de Jizréel.

34 Gédéon fut revêtu de l'esprit de l'Eternel; il sonna de la trompette, et Abiézer fut convoqué pour marcher à sa suite.

35 Il envoya des messagers dans tout Manassé, qui fut aussi convoqué pour marcher à sa suite. Il envoya des messagers dans Aser, dans Zabulon et dans Nephthali, qui montèrent à leur rencontre.

36 Gédéon dit à Dieu: Si tu veux délivrer Israël par ma main, comme tu l'as dit,

37 voici, je vais mettre une toison de laine dans l'aire; si la toison seule se couvre de rosée et que tout le terrain reste sec, je connaîtrai que tu délivreras Israël par ma main, comme tu l'as dit.

38 Et il arriva ainsi. Le jour suivant, il se leva de bon matin, pressa la toison, et en fit sortir la rosée, qui donna de l'eau plein une coupe.

39 Gédéon dit à Dieu: Que ta colère ne s'enflamme point contre moi, et je ne parlerai plus que cette fois: Je voudrais seulement faire encore une épreuve avec la toison: que la toison seule reste sèche, et que tout le terrain se couvre de rosée.

40 Et Dieu fit ainsi cette nuit-là. La toison seule resta sèche, et tout le terrain se couvrit de rosée.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 6      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 6: The Midianites oppress Israel; the call of Gideon.

Chapters 6-8 of Judges tell the story of Gideon, who led the people of Israel against the Midianites. The Lord allowed the Midianites to oppress the children of Israel for seven years, because they had disobeyed His commandments once again. Israel fled to the mountain caves, and Midian starved the Israelites by destroying their crops and taking their livestock. When Israel cried out to the Lord for help, a prophet delivered the Lord’s message that He had always been with them, but they had kept disobeying.

Then the angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon, who was threshing wheat in the winepress to hide this from the Midianites. The angel brought news that he would lead the fight against the Midianites. Gideon was stunned, and replied that his family was the least important in the tribe of Manasseh, and that he was the least in his family. Even so, the Lord assured him would be victorious, because the Lord was with him.

Gideon asked for a sign to be given him, and then went to prepare an offering of food. When he came back, the angel told him to place the meat and unleavened bread upon a rock. When the angel touched it with his staff, fire came up from the rock and burned up the food. The angel then departed.

The Lord told Gideon to break down his father’s altars to Baal, and to build an altar to the Lord on top of it, which he did by night. In the morning, the men of the city discovered what Gideon had done, and demanded that he be killed. But Gideon’s father, Joash, replied that Baal himself would take action, if he were really a god.

The Midianites and their allies gathered for battle, and Gideon called on his tribe of Manasseh, as well as Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, to prepare to fight. Before the battle took place though, Gideon asked for another sign from God. He put a woolen fleece on the threshing floor, and if God would use him to save Israel, the fleece would have dew on it, while the ground around it would be dry. And so it was the next morning. Once again, Gideon asked for a sign, this time with dew on the ground, but not on the fleece. And again, this came to pass.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the Midianites is understanding spiritual truths, but leading a life of sensory pleasure anyway, rather than one built on genuine goodness (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 7602). This is portrayed by the Midianites destroying all the crops which could be made into food, or spiritually, into what is good.

Threshing wheat and pressing wine are very similar processes; threshing wheat frees grain from the beaten husk, and pressing wine squeezes juice from a crushed grape. Both of these activities represent our spiritual determination to do what is good – the wheat for bread – because of the truth we have come to understand – the wine. Gideon’s name, meaning “to break apart”, and this passage are meant to show us that his strongest quality was determination to do good (Divine Providence 227[2]).

Gideon’s claim to be the least important of all demonstrates the place of genuine humility in our spiritual life. Acknowledging that the Lord brings about all good things is a sign of strength, not weakness (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 408).

The spiritual meaning of asking God for a sign – which Gideon did several times – is to confirm the validity of what we intend or understand. Paying attention to our internal state will show us the quality of our inner thoughts if we dare to listen, but ultimately, confirmation comes from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 508[5]). The fire from the rock, which burned the meat, represents the power of love and truth to consume and sustain us.

The fascinating double sign involving the fleece has several layers of spiritual meaning: the threshing floor stands for the ground of our daily life and activity; the fleece, with its warmth and softness, stands for the principle of goodness; and the dew (water) stands for divine influx of truth into us from the Lord. These build the framework of the spiritual meaning. The dewy fleece on the dry ground means that we need to have the Lord’s truth in our mind, so we know how to lead a good life. Then, this needs to be reversed so that we feel the desire to do good, and then apply this in daily life (Arcana Caelestia 3579).

This sign is closely related to the spiritual meaning of the Midianites, the enemy to be overthrown. Simply knowing the Lord’s truths does not guarantee a good life; we must put these truths into practice.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1925, 2332, 2463, 2724, 3088, 3242, 3519, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 242, 485, 598


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 410, 412, 504, 543, 706, 727, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4250

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Významy biblických slov

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Madian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

troupeaux
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

tentes
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Sauterelles
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

chameaux
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Egyptiens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

térébinthe
'Oak' signifies the sensory good and truth of the church, and consequently, the lowest part of the natural, which is either the truths and goods,...

froment
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

vaillant
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

Seigneur
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

apporte
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

sans levain
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

la chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Baal
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

bâtiras
Construire quelque chose signifie généralement assembler une variété de pièces plus simples pour en faire une structure utile et plus complexe, comme pour construire une...

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

craignait
La peur de l'inconnu et la peur du changement sont deux idées communes, qui couvrent ensemble un large spectre des peurs que nous avons tendance...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Matin
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

passèrent
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

trompette
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

messagers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

l'aire
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

Rosée
Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

connaîtrai
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

délivreras
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

l'eau
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Plein
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

colère
La colère est une émotion si commune aux gens qu'elle ne nécessite aucune définition. Cependant, quelques points d'intérêt peuvent être soulevés. 1) Le Seigneur n'est...

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 Choose a Quotation to Match a Question about Gideon
Cut apart quotation strips and match them with the questions they answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Draw Gideon's Three Signs
Draw pictures of the three signs the Lord gave Gideon promising that He would be with Him to fight Israel's enemies.
Activity | All Ages

 Gideon
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Gideon and the Fleece
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon’s Sacrifice
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 I Am the Lord Your God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Angel Who Appeared to Gideon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Gideon
The Lord calls Gideon to lead the Israelites against their enemies in this story. Multi-age lesson plan with readings, discussions, and projects.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Worship of Idols
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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