Juges 16

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1 Samson partit pour Gaza; il y vit une femme prostituée, et il entra chez elle.

2 On dit aux gens de Gaza: Samson est arrivé ici. Et ils l'environnèrent, et se tinrent en embuscade toute la nuit à la porte de la ville. Ils restèrent tranquilles toute la nuit, disant: Au point du jour, nous le tuerons.

3 Samson demeura couché jusqu'à minuit. Vers minuit, il se leva; et il saisit les battants de la porte de la ville et les deux poteaux, les arracha avec la barre, les mit sur ses épaules, et les porta sur le sommet de la montagne qui est en face d'Hébron.

4 Après cela, il aima une femme dans la vallée de Sorek. Elle se nommait Delila.

5 Les princes des Philistins montèrent vers elle, et lui dirent: Flatte-le, pour savoir d'où lui vient sa grande force et comment nous pourrions nous rendre maîtres de lui; nous le lierons pour le dompter, et nous te donnerons chacun mille et cent sicles d'argent.

6 Delila dit à Samson: Dis-moi, je te prie, d'où vient ta grande force, et avec quoi il faudrait te lier pour te dompter.

7 Samson lui dit: Si on me liait avec sept cordes fraîches, qui ne fussent pas encore sèches, je deviendrais faible et je serais comme un autre homme.

8 Les princes des Philistins apportèrent à Delila sept cordes fraîches, qui n'étaient pas encore sèches. Et elle le lia avec ces cordes.

9 Or des gens se tenaient en embuscade chez elle, dans une chambre. Elle lui dit: Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson! Et il rompit les cordes, comme se rompt un cordon d'étoupe quand il sent le feu. Et l'on ne connut point d'où venait sa force.

10 Delila dit à Samson: Voici, tu t'es joué de moi, tu m'as dit des mensonges. Maintenant, je te prie, indique-moi avec quoi il faut te lier.

11 Il lui dit: Si on me liait avec des cordes neuves, dont on ne se fût jamais servi, je deviendrais faible et je serais comme un autre homme.

12 Delila prit des cordes neuves, avec lesquelles elle le lia. Puis elle lui dit: Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson! Or des gens se tenaient en embuscade dans une chambre. Et il rompit comme un fil les cordes qu'il avait aux bras.

13 Delila dit à Samson: Jusqu'à présent tu t'es joué de moi, tu m'as dit des mensonges. Déclare-moi avec quoi il faut te lier. Il lui dit: Tu n'as qu'à tisser les sept tresses de ma tête avec la chaîne du tissu.

14 Et elle les fixa par la cheville. Puis elle lui dit: Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson! Et il se réveilla de son sommeil, et il arracha la cheville du tissu et le tissu.

15 Elle lui dit: Comment peux-tu dire: Je t'aime! puisque ton coeur n'est pas avec moi? Voilà trois fois que tu t'es joué de moi, et tu ne m'as pas déclaré d'où vient ta grande force.

16 Comme elle était chaque jour à le tourmenter et à l'importuner par ses instances, son âme s'impatienta à la mort,

17 il lui ouvrit tout son coeur, et lui dit: Le rasoir n'a point passé sur ma tête, parce que je suis consacré à Dieu dès le ventre de ma mère. Si j'étais rasé, ma force m'abandonnerait, je deviendrais faible, et je serais comme tout autre homme.

18 Delila, voyant qu'il lui avait ouvert tout son coeur, envoya appeler les princes des Philistins, et leur fit dire: Montez cette fois, car il m'a ouvert tout son coeur. Et les princes des Philistins montèrent vers elle, et apportèrent l'argent dans leurs mains.

19 Elle l'endormit sur ses genoux. Et ayant appelé un homme, elle rasa les sept tresses de la tête de Samson, et commença ainsi à le dompter. Il perdit sa force.

20 Elle dit alors: Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson! Et il se réveilla de son sommeil, et dit: Je m'en tirerai comme les autres fois, et je me dégagerai. Il ne savait pas que l'Eternel s'était retiré de lui.

21 Les Philistins le saisirent, et lui crevèrent les yeux; ils le firent descendre à Gaza, et le lièrent avec des chaînes d'airain. Il tournait la meule dans la prison.

22 Cependant les cheveux de sa tête recommençaient à croître, depuis qu'il avait été rasé.

23 Or les princes des Philistins s'assemblèrent pour offrir un grand sacrifice à Dagon, leur dieu, et pour se réjouir. Ils disaient: Notre dieu a livré entre nos mains Samson, notre ennemi.

24 Et quand le peuple le vit, ils célébrèrent leur dieu, en disant: Notre dieu a livré entre nos mains notre ennemi, celui qui ravageait notre pays, et qui multipliait nos morts.

25 Dans la joie de leur coeur, ils dirent: Qu'on appelle Samson, et qu'il nous divertisse! Ils firent sortir Samson de la prison, et il joua devant eux. Ils le placèrent entre les colonnes.

26 Et Samson dit au jeune homme qui le tenait par la main: Laisse-moi, afin que je puisse toucher les colonnes sur lesquelles repose la maison et m'appuyer contre elles.

27 La maison était remplie d'hommes et de femmes; tous les princes des Philistins étaient là, et il y avait sur le toit environ trois mille personnes, hommes et femmes, qui regardaient Samson jouer.

28 Alors Samson invoqua l'Eternel, et dit: Seigneur Eternel! souviens-toi de moi, je te prie; ô Dieu! donne-moi de la force seulement cette fois, et que d'un seul coup je tire vengeance des Philistins pour mes deux yeux!

29 Et Samson embrassa les deux colonnes du milieu sur lesquelles reposait la maison, et il s'appuya contre elles; l'une était à sa droite, et l'autre à sa gauche.

30 Samson dit: Que je meure avec les Philistins! Il se pencha fortement, et la maison tomba sur les princes et sur tout le peuple qui y était. Ceux qu'il fit périr à sa mort furent plus nombreux que ceux qu'il avait tués pendant sa vie.

31 Ses frères et toute la maison de son père descendirent, et l'emportèrent. Lorsqu'ils furent remontés, ils l'enterrèrent entre Tsorea et Eschthaol dans le sépulcre de Manoach, son père. Il avait été juge en Israël pendant vingt ans.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 49

True Christian Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Samson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

Gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

femme
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Prostituée
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Minuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

épaules
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

d'hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

aima
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

lierons
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cent
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

sicles
'Money' relates to truth.

Argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

lier
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

des mensonges
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

bras
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

déclare
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

tisser
signifies teach.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Cheville
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

sommeil
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

dire
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

trois fois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

déclaré
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

ventre
The belly (Psalms 16:4) signifies the interior understanding.

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Ouvert
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

l'argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

genoux
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

appelé
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

savait
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

d'airain
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

cheveux
The hair is the very outermost part of the body, and "hair" in the Bible represents the outermost expression of whatever the body represents. In...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

ennemi
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

appelle
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

Jeune
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

remplie
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

toit
The roof of a house is its highest point, and the part most exposed to the sun. So it makes sense that in the Bible,...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Vengeance
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Frères
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sépulcre
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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