Juges 15

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Quelque temps après, à l'époque de la moisson des blés, Samson alla voir sa femme, et lui porta un chevreau. Il dit: Je veux entrer vers ma femme dans sa chambre. Mais le père de sa femme ne lui permit pas d'entrer.

2 J'ai pensé dit-il, que tu avais pour elle de la haine, et je l'ai donnée à ton compagnon. Est-ce que sa jeune soeur n'est pas plus belle qu'elle? Prends-la donc à sa place.

3 Samson leur dit: Cette fois je ne serai pas coupable envers les Philistins, si je leur fais du mal.

4 Samson s'en alla. Il attrapa trois cents renards, et prit des flambeaux; puis il tourna queue contre queue, et mit un flambeau entre deux queues, au milieu.

5 Il alluma les flambeaux, lâcha les renards dans les blés des Philistins, et embrasa les tas de gerbes, le blé sur pied, et jusqu'aux plantations d'oliviers.

6 Les Philistins dirent: Qui a fait cela? On répondit: Samson, le gendre du Thimnien, parce que celui-ci lui a pris sa femme et l'a donnée à son compagnon. Et les Philistins montèrent, et ils la brûlèrent, elle et son père.

7 Samson leur dit: Est-ce ainsi que vous agissez? Je ne cesserai qu'après m'être vengé de vous.

8 Il les battit rudement, dos et ventre; puis il descendit, et se retira dans la caverne du rocher d'Etam.

9 Alors les Philistins se mirent en marche, campèrent en Juda, et s'étendirent jusqu'à Léchi.

10 Les hommes de Juda dirent: Pourquoi êtes-vous montés contre nous? Ils répondirent: nous sommes montés pour lier Samson, afin de le traiter comme il nous a traités.

11 Sur quoi trois mille hommes de Juda descendirent à la caverne du rocher d'Etam, et dirent à Samson: Ne sais-tu pas que les Philistins dominent sur nous? Que nous as-tu donc fait? Il leur répondit: Je les ai traités comme ils m'ont traité.

12 Ils lui dirent: Nous sommes descendus pour te lier, afin de te livrer entre les mains des Philistins. Samson leur dit: Jurez-moi que vous ne me tuerez pas.

13 Ils lui répondirent: Non; nous voulons seulement te lier et te livrer entre leurs mains, mais nous ne te ferons pas mourir. Et ils le lièrent avec deux cordes neuves, et le firent sortir du rocher.

14 Lorsqu'il arriva à Léchi, les Philistins poussèrent des cris à sa rencontre. Alors l'esprit de l'Eternel le saisit. Les cordes qu'il avait aux bras devinrent comme du lin brûlé par le feu, et ses liens tombèrent de ses mains.

15 Il trouva une mâchoire d'âne fraîche, il étendit sa main pour la prendre, et il en tua mille hommes.

16 Et Samson dit: Avec une mâchoire d'âne, un monceau, deux monceaux; Avec une mâchoire d'âne, j'ai tué mille hommes.

17 Quand il eut achevé de parler, il jeta de sa main la mâchoire. Et l'on appela ce lieu Ramath-Léchi.

18 Pressé par la soif, il invoqua l'Eternel, et dit: C'est toi qui as permis par la main de ton serviteur cette grande délivrance; et maintenant mourrais je de soif, et tomberais-je entre les mains des incirconcis?

19 Dieu fendit la cavité du rocher qui est à Léchi, et il en sortit de l'eau. Samson but, son esprit se ranima, et il reprit vie. C'est de là qu'on a appelé cette source En-Hakkoré; elle existe encore aujourd'hui à Léchi.

20 Samson fut juge en Israël, au temps des Philistins, pendant vingt ans.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 15: Samson defeats the Philistines.

At the beginning of this chapter, we learn that the one who gave Samson’s wife to another man was his father-in-law, who thought that Samson truly hated her. He then offered Samson her younger sister instead, saying, “Is she not better? Take her.”

Samson, enraged, took three-hundred foxes and tied them tail-to-tail in pairs, with a lit torch between them. He then released them in the Philistines’ standing grain, vineyards and olive groves to burn up their crops, as revenge for the loss of his wife. In retaliation, the Philistines went and burned her and her father. In a final act of vengeance, Samson killed very many of the Philistines, then went to dwell in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

The Philistines went to Judah, stating their intent to arrest Samson, and the men of Judah passed on the message to him. Samson made the Judeans promise not to kill him themselves, but only to bind him with two new ropes before giving him to the Philistines as a prisoner.

When the Philistines came, Samson broke apart the ropes, and killed a thousand of them with the jawbone of a donkey. Then he threw the jawbone away, and complained to the Lord that he was thirsty. The Lord answered his cry for help by splitting the ground where the jawbone fell, so that Samson could drink the water that flowed from it.

The final verse of this chapter tells us that Samson judged Israel twenty years.


Samson’s marriage to a Philistine woman speaks to the appealing, or even enticing, nature of ‘faith alone’ spirituality, represented by the Philistines. We must stay on our guard, to ensure that we are not caught up in thinking that faith alone will save us. The father offers Samson his wife’s younger sister, saying she is even better, but Samson had already learned to be wary by that point.

The foxes, tied together with their tails lit on fire, vividly describes the twisted and destructive nature of faith alone, and the way it consumes our potential to lead a fruitful life. The Word often depicts the state of a nation or religion through a story illustrating its true nature (True Christian Religion 130)

The cycle of revenge between Samson and the Philistines represents our personal struggles during temptation and our wish to regenerate. Our whole effort during regeneration is to resist sins that might lure us in, and to maintain our intention to live the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 83[6]). The men of Judah who bind Samson represent our love for the Lord and for everything of the Lord, although this seems contradictory on a surface level. In this case, being ‘bound up’ means to be bound in our commitment to the Lord, so that we are restrained from doing evil (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 577[4]).

Samson stands for the power of the Word acting in our lives to assert what is true, to protect what must be upheld, and to defend against evils. He uses the jawbone of a donkey because a jawbone allows us to eat food (spiritually, nourishment from the Word), and also to proclaim the Lord’s truths. This gives us the power to expose and reject the belief that spirituality consists of faith alone (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9049[6]).


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3519, 4871, 9836

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