Juges 11

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1 Jephthé, le Galaadite, était un vaillant héros. Il était fils d'une femme prostituée; et c'est Galaad qui avait engendré Jephthé.

2 La femme de Galaad lui enfanta des fils, qui, devenus grands, chassèrent Jephthé, et lui dirent: Tu n'hériteras pas dans la maison de notre père, car tu es fils d'une autre femme.

3 Et Jephthé s'enfuit loin de ses frères, et il habita dans le pays de Tob. Des gens de rien se rassemblèrent auprès de Jephthé, et ils faisaient avec lui des excursions.

4 Quelque temps après, les fils d'Ammon firent la guerre à Israël.

5 Et comme les fils d'Ammon faisaient la guerre à Israël, les anciens de Galaad allèrent chercher Jephthé au pays de Tob.

6 Ils dirent à Jephthé: Viens, tu seras notre chef, et nous combattrons les fils d'Ammon.

7 Jephthé répondit aux anciens de Galaad: N'avez-vous pas eu de la haine pour moi, et ne m'avez-vous pas chassé de la maison de mon père? Pourquoi venez-vous à moi maintenant que vous êtes dans la détresse?

8 Les anciens de Galaad dirent à Jephthé: Nous revenons à toi maintenant, afin que tu marches avec Nous, que tu combattes les fils d'Ammon, et que tu sois notre chef, celui de tous les habitants de Galaad.

9 Jephthé répondit aux anciens de Galaad: Si vous me ramenez pour combattre les fils d'Ammon, et que l'Eternel les livre devant moi, je serai votre chef.

10 Les anciens de Galaad dirent à Jephthé: Que l'Eternel nous entende, et qu'il juge, si nous ne faisons pas ce que tu dis.

11 Et Jephthé partit avec les anciens de Galaad. Le peuple le mit à sa tête et l'établit comme chef, et Jephthé répéta devant l'Eternel, à Mitspa, toutes les paroles qu'il avait prononcées.

12 Jephthé envoya des messagers au roi des fils d'Ammon, pour lui dire: Qu'y a-t-il entre moi et toi, que tu viennes contre moi pour faire la guerre à mon pays?

13 Le roi des fils d'Ammon répondit aux messagers de Jephthé: C'est qu'Israël, quand il est monté d'Egypte, s'est emparé de mon pays, depuis l'Arnon jusqu'au Jabbok et au Jourdain. Rends-le maintenant de bon gré.

14 Jephthé envoya de nouveau des messagers au roi des fils d'Ammon,

15 pour lui dire: Ainsi parle Jephthé: Israël ne s'est point emparé du pays de Moab, ni du pays des fils d'Ammon.

16 Car lorsque Israël est monté d'Egypte, il a marché dans le désert jusqu'à la mer Rouge, et il est arrivé à Kadès.

17 Alors Israël envoya des messagers au roi d'Edom, pour lui dire: Laisse-moi passer par ton pays. Mais le roi d'Edom n'y consentit pas. Il en envoya aussi au roi de Moab, qui refusa. Et Israël resta à Kadès.

18 Puis il marcha par le désert, tourna le pays d'Edom et le pays de Moab, et vint à l'orient du pays de Moab; ils campèrent au delà de l'Arnon, sans entrer sur le territoire de Moab, car l'Arnon est la frontière de Moab.

19 Israël envoya des messagers à Sihon, roi des Amoréens, roi de Hesbon, et Israël lui dit: Laisse-nous passer par ton pays jusqu'au lieu où nous allons.

20 Mais Sihon n'eut pas assez confiance en Israël pour le laisser passer sur son territoire; il rassembla tout son peuple, campa à Jahats, et combattit Israël.

21 L'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, livra Sihon et tout son peuple entre les mains d'Israël, qui les battit. Israël s'empara de tout le pays des Amoréens établis dans cette contrée.

22 Ils s'emparèrent de tout le territoire des Amoréens, depuis l'Arnon jusqu'au Jabbok, et depuis le désert jusqu'au Jourdain.

23 Et maintenant que l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, a chassé les Amoréens devant son peuple d'Israël, est-ce toi qui aurais la possession de leur pays?

24 Ce que ton dieu Kemosch te donne à posséder, ne le posséderais-tu pas? Et tout ce que l'Eternel, notre dieu, a mis en notre possession devant nous, nous ne le posséderions pas!

25 Vaux-tu donc mieux que Balak, fils de Tsippor, roi de Moab? A-t-il contesté avec Israël, ou lui a-t-il fait la guerre?

26 Voilà trois cents ans qu'Israël habite à Hesbon et dans les villes de son ressort, à Aroër et dans les villes de son ressort, et dans toutes les villes qui sont sur les bords de l'Arnon: pourquoi ne les lui avez-vous pas enlevées pendant ce temps-là?

27 Je ne t'ai point offensé, et tu agis mal avec moi en me faisant la guerre. Que l'Eternel, le juge, soit aujourd'hui juge entre les enfants d'Israël et les fils d'Ammon!

28 Le roi des fils d'Ammon n'écouta point les paroles que Jephthé lui fit dire.

29 L'esprit de l'Eternel fut sur Jephthé. Il traversa Galaad et Manassé; il passa à Mitspé de Galaad; et de Mitspé de Galaad, il marcha contre les fils d'Ammon.

30 Jephthé fit un voeu à l'Eternel, et dit: Si tu livres entre mes mains les fils d'Ammon,

31 quiconque sortira des portes de ma maison au-devant de moi, à mon heureux retour de chez les fils d'Ammon, sera consacré à l'Eternel, et je l'offrirai en holocauste.

32 Jephthé marcha contre les fils d'Ammon, et l'Eternel les livra entre ses mains.

33 Il leur fit éprouver une très grande défaite, depuis Aroër jusque vers Minnith, espace qui renfermait vingt villes, et jusqu'à Abel-Keramim. Et les fils d'Ammon furent humiliés devant les enfants d'Israël.

34 Jephthé retourna dans sa maison à Mitspa. Et voici, sa fille sortit au-devant de lui avec des tambourins et des danses. C'était son unique enfant; il n'avait point de fils et point d'autre fille.

35 Dès qu'il la vit, il déchira ses vêtements, et dit: Ah! ma fille! tu me jettes dans l'abattement, tu es au nombre de ceux qui me troublent! J'ai fait un voeu à l'Eternel, et je ne puis le révoquer.

36 Elle lui dit: Mon père, si tu as fait un voeu à l'Eternel, traite-moi selon ce qui est sorti de ta bouche, maintenant que l'Eternel t'a vengé de tes ennemis, des fils d'Ammon.

37 Et elle dit à son père: Que ceci me soit accordé: laisse-moi libre pendant deux mois! Je m'en irai, je descendrai dans les montagnes, et je pleurerai ma virginité avec mes compagnes.

38 Il répondit: Va! Et il la laissa libre pour deux mois. Elle s'en alla avec ses compagnes, et elle pleura sa virginité sur les montagnes.

39 Au bout des deux mois, elle revint vers son père, et il accomplit sur elle le voeu qu'il avait fait. Elle n'avait point connu d'homme. Dès lors s'établit en Israël la coutume

40 que tous les ans les filles d'Israël s'en vont célébrer la fille de Jephthé, le Galaadite, quatre jours par année.

← Juges 10   Juges 12 →
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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Významy biblických slov

vaillant
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Prostituée
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

engendré
Le fait d'engendrer ou d'être engendré a une signification très proche de celle de la naissance : Elle représente un état spirituel menant à l'état...

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

des fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

s'enfuit
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

d'ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

haine
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

chef
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Mitspa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

messagers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

qu'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Egypte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

rouge
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

Kadès
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

entrer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

territoire
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

frontière
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Pas
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

habite
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

mal
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

passa
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

voeu
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

des portes
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

retour
Il existe de nombreux exemples dans la Bible qui décrivent des personnes qui se retournent, regardent en arrière ou font marche arrière. Dans la plupart...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

fille
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

tambourins
A drum (Gen. 31) signifies spiritual good.

enfant
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Mois
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

descendrai
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

les montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

connu
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

d'homme
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Les filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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