Josué 9

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1 A la nouvelle de ces choses, tous les rois qui étaient en deçà du Jourdain, dans la montagne et dans la vallée, et sur toute la côte de la grande mer, jusque près du Liban, les Héthiens, les Amoréens, les Cananéens, les Phéréziens, les Héviens et les Jébusiens,

2 s'unirent ensemble d'un commun accord pour combattre contre Josué et contre Israël.

3 Les habitants de Gabaon, de leur côté, lorsqu'ils apprirent de quelle manière Josué avait traité Jéricho et Aï,

4 eurent recours à la ruse, et se mirent en route avec des provisions de voyage. Ils prirent de vieux sacs pour leurs ânes, et de vieilles outres à vin déchirées et recousues,

5 ils portaient à leurs pieds de vieux souliers raccommodés, et sur eux de vieux vêtements; et tout le pain qu'ils avaient pour nourriture était sec et en miettes.

6 Ils allèrent auprès de Josué au camp de Guilgal, et ils lui dirent, ainsi qu'à tous ceux d'Israël: Nous venons d'un pays éloigné, et maintenant faites alliance avec Nous.

7 Les hommes d'Israël répondirent à ces Héviens: Peut-être que vous habitez au milieu de nous, et comment ferions-nous alliance avec vous?

8 Ils dirent à Josué: Nous sommes tes serviteurs. Et Josué leur dit: Qui êtes-vous, et d'où venez-vous?

9 Ils lui répondirent: Tes serviteurs viennent d'un pays très éloigné, sur le renom de l'Eternel, ton Dieu; car nous avons entendu parler de lui, de tout ce qu'il a fait en Egypte,

10 et de la manière dont il a traité les deux rois des Amoréens au delà du Jourdain, Sihon, roi de Hesbon, et Og, roi de Basan, qui était à Aschtaroth.

11 Et nos anciens et tous les habitants de notre pays nous ont dit: Prenez avec vous des provisions pour le voyage, allez au-devant d'eux, et vous leur direz: nous sommes vos serviteurs, et maintenant faites alliance avec nous.

12 Voici notre pain: il était encore chaud quand nous en avons fait provision dans nos maisons, le journous sommes partis pour venir vers vous, et maintenant il est sec et en miettes.

13 Ces outres à vin, que nous avons remplies toutes neuves, les voilà déchirées; nos vêtements et nos souliers se sont usés par l'excessive longueur de la marche.

14 Les hommes d'Israël prirent de leurs provisions, et ils ne consultèrent point l'Eternel.

15 Josué fit la paix avec eux, et conclut une alliance par laquelle il devait leur laisser la vie, et les chefs de l'assemblée le leur jurèrent.

16 Trois jours après la conclusion de cette alliance, les enfants d'Israël apprirent qu'ils étaient leurs voisins, et qu'ils habitaient au milieu d'eux.

17 Car les enfants d'Israël partirent, et arrivèrent à leurs villes le troisième jour; leurs villes étaient Gabaon, Kephira, Beéroth et Kirjath-Jearim.

18 Ils ne les frappèrent point, parce que les chefs de l'assemblée leur avaient juré par l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, de leur laisser la vie. Mais toute l'assemblée murmura contre les chefs.

19 Et tous les chefs dirent à toute l'assemblée: Nous leur avons juré par l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, et maintenant nous ne pouvons les toucher.

20 Voici comment nous les traiterons: nous leur laisserons la vie, afin de ne pas attirer sur nous la colère de l'Eternel, à cause du serment que nous leur avons fait.

21 Ils vivront, leur dirent les chefs. Mais ils furent employés à couper le bois et à puiser l'eau pour toute l'assemblée, comme les chefs le leur avaient dit.

22 Josué les fit appeler, et leur parla ainsi: Pourquoi nous avez-vous trompés, en disant: nous sommes très éloignés de vous, tandis que vous habitez au milieu de nous?

23 Maintenant vous êtes maudits, et vous ne cesserez point d'être dans la servitude, de couper le bois et de puiser l'eau pour la maison de mon Dieu.

24 Ils répondirent à Josué, et dirent: On avait rapporté à tes serviteurs les ordres de l'Eternel, ton Dieu, à Moïse, son serviteur, pour vous livrer tout le pays et pour en détruire devant vous tous les habitants, et votre présence nous a inspiré une grande crainte pour notre vie: voilà pourquoi nous avons agi de la sorte.

25 Et maintenant nous voici entre tes mains; traite-nous comme tu trouveras bon et juste de nous traiter.

26 Josué agit à leur égard comme il avait été décidé; il les délivra de la main des enfants d'Israël, qui ne les firent pas mourir;

27 mais il les destina dès ce jour à couper le bois et à puiser l'eau pour l'assemblée, et pour l'autel de l'Eternel dans le lieu que l'Eternel choisirait: ce qu'ils font encore aujourd'hui.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Liban
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Héthiens
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Héviens
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Jéricho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

sacs
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

pieds
Nos pieds sont les parties les plus basses de notre corps, et ils sont très utiles ! Dans la Bible, les pieds représentent la partie...

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

pain
Le mot "pain" est utilisé de deux façons dans la Bible. Dans certains cas, il désigne le pain proprement dit ; dans d'autres, il désigne...

sec
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

camp
Dans la Bible, les camps représentent l'ordre spirituel, c'est-à-dire l'ensemble des désirs d'une personne (ou d'une communauté ecclésiale) pour des idées bonnes et vraies sur...

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nous
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Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

entendu
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Egypte
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deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

remplies
Être "comblé" signifie être doté d'une qualité spirituelle. Lorsque le matériel en question est bon - eau, nourriture, personnes qui représentent de bonnes choses, etc....

Longueur
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

jurèrent
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

après
La signification fondamentale du mot "suivre" dans la Bible est assez évidente si l'on considère ce que signifie "suivre le Seigneur". Cela ne signifie évidemment...

voisins
'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

habitaient
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

partirent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

arrivèrent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

troisième
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

frappèrent
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

toucher
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

serment
'To sware' is a binding.

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

l'eau
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

ordres
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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