Josué 8

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 L'Eternel dit à Josué: Ne crains point, et ne t'effraie point! Prends avec toi tous les gens de guerre, lève-toi, monte contre Aï. Vois, je livre entre tes mains le roi d'Aï et son peuple, sa ville et son pays.

2 Tu traiteras Aï et son roi comme tu as traité Jéricho et son roi; seulement vous garderez pour vous le butin et le bétail. Place une embuscade derrière la ville.

3 Josué se leva avec tous les gens de guerre, pour monter contre Aï. Il choisit trente mille vaillants hommes, qu'il fit partir de nuit,

4 et auxquels il donna cet ordre: Ecoutez, vous vous mettrez en embuscade derrière la ville; ne vous éloignez pas beaucoup de la ville, et soyez tous prêts.

5 Mais moi et tout le peuple qui est avec moi, nous nous approcherons de la ville. Et quand ils sortiront à notre rencontre, comme la première fois, nous prendrons la fuite devant eux.

6 Ils nous poursuivront jusqu'à ce que nous les ayons attirés loin de la ville, car ils diront: Ils fuient devant nous, comme la première fois! Et nous fuirons devant eux.

7 Vous sortirez alors de l'embuscade, et vous vous emparerez de la ville, et l'Eternel, votre Dieu, la livrera entre vos mains.

8 Quand vous aurez pris la ville, vous y mettrez le feu, vous agirez comme l'Eternel l'a dit: c'est l'ordre que je vous donne.

9 Josué les fit partir, et ils allèrent se placer en embuscade entre Béthel et Aï, à l'occident d'Aï. Mais Josué passa cette nuit-là au milieu du peuple.

10 Josué se leva de bon matin, passa le peuple en revue, et marcha contre Aï, à la tête du peuple, lui et les anciens d'Israël.

11 Tous les gens de guerre qui étaient avec lui montèrent et s'approchèrent; lorsqu'ils furent arrivés en face de la ville, ils campèrent au nord d'Aï, dont ils étaient séparés par la vallée.

12 Josué prit environ cinq mille hommes, et les mit en embuscade entre Béthel et Aï, à l'occident de la ville.

13 Après que tout le camp eut pris position au nord de la ville, et l'embuscade à l'occident de la ville, Josué s'avança cette nuit-là au milieu de la vallée.

14 Lorsque le roi d'Aï vit cela, les gens d'Aï se levèrent en hâte de bon matin, et sortirent à la rencontre d'Israël, pour le combattre. Le roi se dirigea, avec tout son peuple, vers un lieu fixé, du côté de la plaine, et il ne savait pas qu'il y avait derrière la ville une embuscade contre lui.

15 Josué et tout Israël feignirent d'être battus devant eux, et ils s'enfuirent par le chemin du désert.

16 Alors tout le peuple qui était dans la ville s'assembla pour se mettre à leur poursuite. Ils poursuivirent Josué, et ils furent attirés loin de la ville.

17 Il n'y eut dans Aï et dans Béthel pas un homme qui ne sortît contre Israël. Ils laissèrent la ville ouverte, et poursuivirent Israël.

18 L'Eternel dit à Josué: Etends vers Aï le javelot que tu as à la main, car je vais la livrer en ton pouvoir. Et Josué étendit vers la ville le javelot qu'il avait à la main.

19 Aussitôt qu'il eut étendu sa main, les hommes en embuscade sortirent précipitamment du lieu où ils étaient; ils pénétrèrent dans la ville, la prirent, et se hâtèrent d'y mettre le feu.

20 Les gens d'Aï, ayant regardé derrière eux, virent la fumée de la ville monter vers le ciel, et ils ne purent se sauver d'aucun côté. Le peuple qui fuyait vers le désert se retourna contre ceux qui le poursuivaient;

21 car Josué et tout Israël, voyant la ville prise par les hommes de l'embuscade, et la fumée de la ville qui montait, se retournèrent et battirent les gens d'Aï.

22 Les autres sortirent de la ville à leur rencontre, et les gens d'Aï furent enveloppés par Israël de toutes parts. Israël les battit, sans leur laisser un survivant ni un fuyard;

23 ils prirent vivant le roi d'Aï, et l'amenèrent à Josué.

24 Lorsqu'Israël eut achevé de tuer tous les habitants d'Aï dans la campagne, dans le désert, où ils l'avaient poursuivi, et que tous furent entièrement passés au fil de l'épée, tout Israël revint vers Aï et la frappa du tranchant de l'épée.

25 Il y eut au total douze mille personnes tuées ce jour-là, hommes et femmes, tous gens d'Aï.

26 Josué ne retira point sa main qu'il tenait étendue avec le javelot, jusqu'à ce que tous les habitants eussent été dévoués par interdit.

27 Seulement Israël garda pour lui le bétail et le butin de cette ville, selon l'ordre que l'Eternel avait prescrit à Josué.

28 Josué brûla Aï, et en fit à jamais un monceau de ruines, qui subsiste encore aujourd'hui.

29 Il fit pendre à un bois le roi d'Aï, et l'y laissa jusqu'au soir. Au coucher du soleil, Josué ordonna qu'on descendît son cadavre du bois; on le jeta à l'entrée de la porte de la ville, et l'on éleva sur lui un grand monceau de pierres, qui subsiste encore aujourd'hui.

30 Alors Josué bâtit un autel à l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, sur le mont Ebal,

31 comme Moïse, serviteur de l'Eternel, l'avait ordonné aux enfants d'Israël, et comme il est écrit dans le livre de la loi de Moïse: c'était un autel de pierres brutes, sur lesquelles on ne porta point le fer. Ils offrirent sur cet autel des holocaustes à l'Eternel, et ils présentèrent des sacrifices d'actions de grâces.

32 Et là Josué écrivit sur les pierres une copie de la loi que Moïse avait écrite devant les enfants d'Israël.

33 Tout Israël, ses anciens, ses officiers et ses juges, se tenaient des deux côtés de l'arche, devant les sacrificateurs, les Lévites, qui portaient l'arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel; les étrangers comme les enfants d'Israël étaient là, moitié du côté du mont Garizim, moitié du côté du mont Ebal, selon l'ordre qu'avait précédemment donné Moïse, serviteur de l'Eternel, de bénir le peuple d'Israël.

34 Josué lut ensuite toutes les paroles de la loi, les bénédictions et les malédictions, suivant ce qui est écrit dans le livre de la loi.

35 Il n'y eut rien de tout ce que Moïse avait prescrit, que Josué ne lût en présence de toute l'assemblée d'Israël, des femmes et des enfants, et des étrangers qui marchaient au milieu d'eux.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

monte
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Jéricho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

derrière
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

monter
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

nuit
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ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

nous
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rencontre
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première
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

fuite
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Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Matin
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

au milieu de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

hâte
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Plaine
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savait
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s'enfuirent
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désert
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homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

javelot
'Lances' signify combating truths.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Fumée
'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

le ciel
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

ciel
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

poursuivaient
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vivant
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

lorsqu'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tuer
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

poursuivi
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

frappa
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

étendue
The hand in the Bible represents power, which is easy to understand, so to reach out or stretch out the hand means to exercise power,...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Pendre
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

soir
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

cadavre
A carcass (Matt. 24:28) signifies the church void of the life of charity and faith.

entrée
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

monceau
'A heap,' as mentioned in Genesis 31:40, signifies good, because in the past, before they built altars, the ancients made heaps and ate together upon...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

écrit
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Le fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

côtés
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

étrangers
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

bénir
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

malédictions
The Lord is love itself, and his love for us never wavers and never changes. What does waver and change is the degree to which...

Suivant
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

Assemblée
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

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