Josué 7

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1 Les enfants d'Israël commirent une infidélité au sujet des choses dévouées par interdit. Acan, fils de Carmi, fils de Zabdi, fils de Zérach, de la tribu de Juda, prit des choses dévouées. Et la colère de l'Eternel s'enflamma contre les enfants d'Israël.

2 Josué envoya de Jéricho des hommes vers Aï, qui est près de Beth-Aven, à l'orient de Béthel. Il leur dit: Montez, et explorez le pays. Et ces hommes montèrent, et explorèrent Aï.

3 Ils revinrent auprès de Josué, et lui dirent: Il est inutile de faire marcher tout le peuple; deux ou trois mille hommes suffiront pour battre Aï; ne donne pas cette fatigue à tout le peuple, car ils sont en petit nombre.

4 Trois mille hommes environ se mirent en marche, mais ils prirent la fuite devant les gens d'Aï.

5 Les gens d'Aï leur tuèrent environ trente-six hommes; ils les poursuivirent depuis la porte jusqu'à Schebarim, et les battirent à la descente. Le peuple fut consterné et perdit courage.

6 Josué déchira ses vêtements, et se prosterna jusqu'au soir le visage contre terre devant l'arche de l'Eternel, lui et les anciens d'Israël, et ils se couvrirent la tête de poussière.

7 Josué dit: Ah! Seigneur Eternel, pourquoi as-tu fait passer le Jourdain à ce peuple, pour nous livrer entre les mains des Amoréens et nous faire périr? Oh! si nous eussions su rester de l'autre côté du Jourdain!

8 De grâce, Seigneur, que dirai-je, après qu'Israël a tourné le dos devant ses ennemis?

9 Les Cananéens et tous les habitants du pays l'apprendront; ils nous envelopperont, et ils feront disparaître notre nom de la terre. Et que feras-tu pour ton grand nom?

10 L'Eternel dit à Josué: Lève-toi! Pourquoi restes-tu ainsi couché sur ton visage?

11 Israël a péché; ils ont transgressé mon alliance que je leur ai prescrite, ils ont pris des choses dévouées par interdit, ils les ont dérobées et ont dissimulé, et ils les ont cachées parmi leurs bagages.

12 Aussi les enfants d'Israël ne peuvent-ils résister à leurs ennemis; ils tourneront le dos devant leurs ennemis, car ils sont sous l'interdit; je ne serai plus avec vous, si vous ne détruisez pas l'interdit du milieu de vous.

13 Lève-toi, sanctifie le peuple. Tu diras: Sanctifiez-vous pour demain; car ainsi parle l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël: Il y a de l'interdit au milieu de toi, Israël; tu ne pourras résister à tes ennemis, jusqu'à ce que vous ayez ôté l'interdit du milieu de vous.

14 Vous vous approcherez le matin selon vos tribus; et la tribu que désignera l'Eternel s'approchera par famille, et la famille que désignera l'Eternel s'approchera par maisons, et la maison que désignera l'Eternel s'approchera par hommes.

15 Celui qui sera désigné comme ayant pris de ce qui était dévoué par interdit sera brûlé au feu, lui et tout ce qui lui appartient, pour avoir transgressé l'alliance de l'Eternel et commis une infamie en Israël.

16 Josué se leva de bon matin, et il fit approcher Israël selon ses tribus, et la tribu de Juda fut désignée.

17 Il fit approcher les familles de Juda, et la famille de Zérach fut désignée. Il fit approcher la famille de Zérach par maisons, et Zabdi fut désigné.

18 Il fit approcher la maison de Zabdi par hommes, et Acan, fils de Carmi, fils de Zabdi, fils de Zérach, de la tribu de Juda, fut désigné.

19 Josué dit à Acan: Mon fils, donne gloire à l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, et rends-lui hommage. Dis-moi donc ce que tu as fait, ne me le cache point.

20 Acan répondit à Josué, et dit: Il est vrai que j'ai péché contre l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, et voici ce que j'ai fait.

21 J'ai vu dans le butin un beau manteau de Schinear, deux cents sicles d'argent, et un lingot d'or du poids de cinquante sicles; je les ai convoités, et je les ai pris; ils sont cachés dans la terre au milieu de ma tente, et l'argent est dessous.

22 Josué envoya des gens, qui coururent à la tente; et voici, les objets étaient cachés dans la tente d'Acan, et l'argent était dessous.

23 Ils les prirent du milieu de la tente, les apportèrent à Josué et à tous les enfants d'Israël, et les déposèrent devant l'Eternel.

24 Josué et tout Israël avec lui prirent Acan, fils de Zérach, l'argent, le manteau, le lingot d'or, les fils et les filles d'Acan, ses boeufs, ses ânes, ses brebis, sa tente, et tout ce qui lui appartenait; et ils les firent monter dans la vallée d'Acor.

25 Josué dit: Pourquoi nous as-tu troublés? L'Eternel te troublera aujourd'hui. Et tout Israël le lapida. On les brûla au feu, on les lapida,

26 et l'on éleva sur Acan un grand monceau de pierres, qui subsiste encore aujourd'hui. Et l'Eternel revint de l'ardeur de sa colère. C'est à cause de cet événement qu'on a donné jusqu'à ce jour à ce lieu le nom de vallée d'Acor.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 7: The defeat at Ai, and the sin of Achan.

This chapter opens with the statement that Israel had sinned at Jericho, because an Israelite named Achan had kept something for himself, against the Lord's commandment. (But Joshua doesn't know this yet.)

The great victory at Jericho was quickly followed by an embarrassing defeat at Ai. The Israelites hadn't expected much difficulty in taking Ai, and sent just a few thousand men to attack it. They were routed.

Spiritually, we might say that pride goes before a fall, but more specifically, in the work of our regeneration we are never to rest on our laurels, but to always stay alert to each situation and how we are internally handling it. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Understandably, Joshua pours out his heart to the Lord, wondering why they have even crossed over the Jordan to simply be destroyed. The Lord tells him that their defeat at Ai was because Israel sinned by taking some of the forbidden things of Jericho. The Lord explains how to put this right, by identifying the wrongdoer and destroying him and his family.

Note the weakness of Joshua (as earlier also with Moses at times) when things go wrong and he feels confused, full of doubt, hurt and afraid. When things go well, we go well; when things go badly, we tend to go to pieces. And we ask, “Why? Why this, why me, why now?”

The Lord’s answer is a command, “Get up! Why are you lying on your face?” This is a pretty plain meaning: The Lord wants us to use such setbacks to be able to go forward, seeing the problem as a challenge and an opportunity and learning point.

Joshua is told to find the source of the wrong and the defeat. From all the tribes, one tribe will be selected by the Lord. From all its families, one family will be chosen. From all its households, one household will be chosen, and from that household, one man will be chosen. And Achan was the man and he is brought out. (Arcana Caelestia 5135)

This drawing-by-lot is a remarkable picture of our spiritual self-examination. We’re told that to make our general confession of ‘having done what we should not have done’ is almost worthless because we are likely to just carry on the same afterwards. (Arcana Caelestia 8390) Our personal inventory must be specific. What kind of thoughts have I been allowing myself recently? What did that make me feel in my heart? Did I welcome it or want nothing to do with it? It’s a kind of pinpointing, and it leads us to Achan, whose name in Hebrew means ‘trouble’ and ‘troubler’. (The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 164)

Achan, discovered, doesn't hide or deny his wrongdoing but openly admits that he has sinned against the Lord. He'd seen a beautiful garment, much silver, and a chunk of gold, and took them, and hid them in the earth in the middle of his tent. He confesses and indeed, his confession is transparent. So must our confession be when we see things in ourselves that go against the Lord’s truths and ways. They bring forth his stolen goods from his tent.

Then, in a comprehensive way, Joshua took everything Achan owned in its entirety, including the stolen goods, to the Valley of Achor (a name again meaning ‘trouble’) and stoned him and all his family and burned them with fire and raised a heap of stones over it all. This, to us, might well sound like a brutal and an unwarranted punishment.

Spiritually, the Lord does not punish us, ever. Rather, he commands that we turn from our evils, and suffer the consequences if we don't. The Lord does this to help and encourage us to stop following our own way and to commit ourselves to following and living His way. We can only conquer Canaan, representing heaven, when we do this. (Arcana Caelestia 8622)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2327, 2576, 2838, 4539, 5135

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Významy biblických slov

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Zérach
'Zarah,' as in Genesis 38:30, signifies the quality of good as actually being firstborn, and truth only seems to be. 'Zarah' in the original tongue...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

colère
La colère est une émotion si commune aux gens qu'elle ne nécessite aucune définition. Cependant, quelques points d'intérêt peuvent être soulevés. 1) Le Seigneur n'est...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Jéricho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

fuite
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

soir
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

Terre
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

poussière
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

qu'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tourné
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

demain
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

approcherez
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

Matin
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

s'approchera
"Drawing" is used a number of different ways in the Bible, generally in the sense of pulling, leading or moving: People most commonly draw water,...

famille
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

pris
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

VRAI
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

sicles
'Money' relates to truth.

Argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

d'or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

or
'Money' relates to truth.

cinquante
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

au milieu de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

tente
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

l'argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Les filles
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

brebis
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

lapida
The act of 'stoning' means condemnation and a curse, because of the destruction of truth in the church.

monceau
'A heap,' as mentioned in Genesis 31:40, signifies good, because in the past, before they built altars, the ancients made heaps and ate together upon...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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