Josué 4

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1 Lorsque toute la nation eut achevé de passer le Jourdain, l'Eternel dit à Josué:

2 Prenez douze hommes parmi le peuple, un homme de chaque tribu.

3 Donnez-leur cet ordre: Enlevez d'ici, du milieu du Jourdain, de la place où les sacrificateurs se sont arrêtés de pied ferme, douze pierres, que vous emporterez avec vous, et que vous déposerez dans le lieu où vous passerez cette nuit.

4 Josué appela les douze hommes qu'il choisit parmi les enfants d'Israël, un homme de chaque tribu.

5 Il leur dit: Passez devant l'arche de l'Eternel, votre Dieu, au milieu du Jourdain, et que chacun de vous charge une pierre sur son épaule, selon le nombre des tribus des enfants d'Israël,

6 afin que cela soit un signe au milieu de vous. Lorsque vos enfants demanderont un jour: Que signifient pour vous ces pierres?

7 vous leur direz: Les eaux du Jourdain ont été coupées devant l'arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel; lorsqu'elle passa le Jourdain, les eaux du Jourdain ont été coupées, et ces pierres seront à jamais un souvenir pour les enfants d'Israël.

8 Les enfants d'Israël firent ce que Josué leur avait ordonné. Ils enlevèrent douze pierres du milieu du Jourdain, comme l'Eternel l'avait dit à Josué, selon le nombre des tribus des enfants d'Israël, ils les emportèrent avec eux, et les déposèrent dans le lieu où ils devaient passer la nuit.

9 Josué dressa aussi douze pierres au milieu du Jourdain, à la place où s'étaient arrêtés les pieds des sacrificateurs qui portaient l'arche de l'alliance; et elles y sont restées jusqu'à ce jour.

10 Les sacrificateurs qui portaient l'arche se tinrent au milieu du Jourdain jusqu'à l'entière exécution de ce que l'Eternel avait ordonné à Josué de dire au peuple, selon tout ce que Moïse avait prescrit à Josué. Et le peuple se hâta de passer.

11 Lorsque tout le peuple eut achevé de passer, l'arche de l'Eternel et les sacrificateurs passèrent devant le peuple.

12 Les fils de Ruben, les fils de Gad, et la demi-tribu de Manassé, passèrent en armes devant les enfants d'Israël, comme Moïse le leur avait dit.

13 Environ quarante mille hommes, équipés pour la guerre et prêts à combattre, passèrent devant l'Eternel dans les plaines de Jéricho.

14 En ce jour-là, l'Eternel éleva Josué aux yeux de tout Israël; et ils le craignirent, comme ils avaient craint Moïse, tous les jours de sa vie.

15 L'Eternel dit à Josué:

16 Ordonne aux sacrificateurs qui portent l'arche du témoignage de sortir du Jourdain.

17 Et Josué donna cet ordre aux sacrificateurs: Sortez du Jourdain.

18 Lorsque les sacrificateurs qui portaient l'arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel furent sortis du milieu du Jourdain, et que la plante de leurs pieds se posa sur le sec, les eaux du Jourdain retournèrent à leur place, et se répandirent comme auparavant sur tous ses bords.

19 Le peuple sortit du Jourdain le dixième jour du premier mois, et il campa à Guilgal, à l'extrémité orientale de Jéricho.

20 Josué dressa à Guilgal les douze pierres qu'ils avaient prises du Jourdain.

21 Il dit aux enfants d'Israël: Lorsque vos enfants demanderont un jour à leurs pères: Que signifient ces pierres?

22 vous en instruirez vos enfants, et vous direz: Israël a passé ce Jourdain à sec.

23 Car l'Eternel, votre Dieu, a mis à sec devant vous les eaux du Jourdain jusqu'à ce que vous eussiez passé, comme l'Eternel, votre Dieu, l'avait fait à la mer Rouge, qu'il mit à sec devant nous jusqu'à ce que nous eussions passé,

24 afin que tous les peuples de la terre sachent que la main de l'Eternel est puissante, et afin que vous ayez toujours la crainte de l'Eternel, votre Dieu.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

La Doctrine de Vie pour la Nouvelle Jerusalem 59

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Významy biblických slov

Nation
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Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josué
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homme
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un
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ordre
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sacrificateurs
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Pied
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passerez
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nuit
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d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

passez
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

l'arche
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arche
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Dieu
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Pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

eaux
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

passa
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

souvenir
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

pieds
Nos pieds sont les parties les plus basses de notre corps, et ils sont très utiles ! Dans la Bible, les pieds représentent la partie...

tinrent
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dire
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Moïse
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passèrent
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

quarante
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mille
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guerre
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plaines
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Jéricho
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yeux
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craignirent
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ordonne
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Mois
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Guilgal
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pères
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passé
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sec
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

mer
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rouge
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

nous
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Terre
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main
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