Josué 18

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Toute l'assemblée des enfants d'Israël se réunit à Silo, et ils y placèrent la tente d'assignation. Le pays était soumis devant eux.

2 Il restait sept tribus des enfants d'Israël qui n'avaient pas encore reçu leur héritage.

3 Josué dit aux enfants d'Israël: Jusques à quand négligerez-vous de prendre possession du pays que l'Eternel, le Dieu de vos pères, vous a donné?

4 Choisissez trois hommes par tribu, et je les ferai partir. Ils se lèveront, parcourront le pays, traceront un plan en vue du partage, et reviendront auprès de moi.

5 Ils le diviseront en sept parts; Juda restera dans ses limites au midi, et la maison de Joseph restera dans ses limites au nord.

6 Vous donc, vous tracerez un plan du pays en sept parts, et vous me l'apporterez ici. Je jetterai pour vous le sort devant l'Eternel, notre Dieu.

7 Mais il n'y aura point de part pour les Lévites au milieu de vous, car le sacerdoce de l'Eternel est leur héritage; et Gad, Ruben et la demi-tribu de Manassé ont reçu leur héritage, que Moïse, serviteur de l'Eternel, leur a donné de l'autre côté du Jourdain, à l'orient.

8 Lorsque ces hommes se levèrent et partirent pour tracer un plan du pays, Josué leur donna cet ordre: Allez, parcourez le pays, tracez-en un plan, et revenez auprès de moi; puis je jetterai pour vous le sort devant l'Eternel, à Silo.

9 Ces hommes partirent, parcoururent le pays, et en tracèrent d'après les villes un plan en sept parts, dans un livre; et ils revinrent auprès de Josué dans le camp à Silo.

10 Josué jeta pour eux le sort à Silo devant l'Eternel, et il fit le partage du pays entre les enfants d'Israël, en donnant à chacun sa portion.

11 Le sort tomba sur la tribu des fils de Benjamin, selon leurs familles, et la part qui leur échut par le sort avait ses limites entre les fils de Juda et les fils de Joseph.

12 Du côté septentrional, leur limite partait du Jourdain. Elle montait au nord de Jéricho, s'élevait dans la montagne vers l'occident, et aboutissait au désert de Beth-Aven.

13 Elle passait de là par Luz, au midi de Luz, qui est Béthel, et elle descendait à Atharoth-Addar par-dessus la montagne qui est au midi de Beth-Horon la basse.

14 Du côté occidental, la limite se prolongeait et tournait au midi depuis la montagne qui est vis-à-vis de Beth-Horon; elle continuait vers le midi, et aboutissait à Kirjath-Baal, qui est Kirjath-Jearim, ville des fils de Juda. C'était le côté occidental.

15 Le côté méridional commençait à l'extrémité de Kirjath-Jearim. La limite se prolongeait vers l'occident jusqu'à la source des eaux de Nephthoach.

16 Elle descendait à l'extrémité de la montagne qui est vis-à-vis de la vallée de Ben-Hinnom, dans la vallée des Rephaïm au nord. Elle descendait par la vallée de Hinnom, sur le côté méridional des Jébusiens, jusqu'à En-Roguel.

17 Elle se dirigeait vers le nord à En-Schémesch, puis à Gueliloth, qui est vis-à-vis de la montée d'Adummim, et elle descendait à la pierre de Bohan, fils de Ruben.

18 Elle passait sur le côté septentrional en face d'Araba, descendait à Araba,

19 et continuait sur le côté septentrional de Beth-Hogla, pour aboutir à la langue septentrionale de la mer Salée, vers l'embouchure du Jourdain au midi. C'était la limite méridionale.

20 Du côté oriental, le Jourdain formait la limite. Tel fut l'héritage des fils de Benjamin, selon leurs familles, avec ses limites de tous les côtés.

21 Les villes de la tribu des fils de Benjamin, selon leurs familles, étaient: Jéricho, Beth-Hogla, Emek-Ketsits,

22 Beth-Araba, Tsemaraïm, Béthel,

23 Avvim, Para, Ophra,

24 Kephar-Ammonaï, Ophni et Guéba; douze villes, et leurs villages.

25 Gabaon, Rama, Beéroth,

26 Mitspé, Kephira, Motsa,

27 Rékem, Jirpeel, Thareala,

28 Tséla, Eleph, Jebus, qui est Jérusalem, Guibeath, et Kirjath; quatorze villes, et leurs villages. Tel fut l'héritage des fils de Benjamin, selon leurs familles.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

L’Apocalypse Révélée 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Významy biblických slov

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tente
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

partirent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

les villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

des fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

limite
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Jéricho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

source
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

eaux
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Rephaïm
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

vers le nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

la langue
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

langue
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

côtés
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

villages
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Quatorze
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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