Josué 17

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1 Une part échut aussi par le sort à la tribu de Manassé, car il était le premier-né de Joseph. Makir, premier-né de Manassé et père de Galaad, avait eu Galaad et Basan, parce qu'il était un homme de guerre.

2 On donna par le sort une part aux autres fils de Manassé, selon leurs familles, aux fils d'Abiézer, aux fils de Hélek, aux fils d'Asriel, aux fils de Sichem, aux fils de Hépher, aux fils de Schemida: ce sont là les enfants mâles de Manassé, fils de Joseph, selon leurs familles.

3 Tselophchad, fils de Hépher, fils de Galaad, fils de Makir, fils de Manassé, n'eut point de fils, mais il eut des filles dont voici les noms: Machla, Noa, Hogla, Milca et Thirtsa.

4 Elles se présentèrent devant le sacrificateur Eléazar, devant Josué, fils de Nun, et devant les princes, en disant: L'Eternel a commandé à Moïse de nous donner un héritage parmi nos frères. Et on leur donna, selon l'ordre de L'Eternel, un héritage parmi les frères de leur père.

5 Il échut dix portions à Manassé, outre le pays de Galaad et de Basan, qui est de l'autre côté du Jourdain.

6 Car les filles de Manassé eurent un héritage parmi ses fils, et le pays de Galaad fut pour les autres fils de Manassé.

7 La limite de Manassé s'étendait d'Aser à Micmethath, qui est près de Sichem, et allait à Jamin vers les habitants d'En-Tappuach.

8 Le pays de Tappuach était aux fils de Manassé, mais Tappuach sur la frontière de Manassé était aux fils d'Ephraïm.

9 La limite descendait au torrent de Kana, au midi du torrent. Ces villes étaient à Ephraïm, au milieu des villes de Manassé. La limite de Manassé au nord du torrent aboutissait à la mer.

10 Le territoire du midi était à Ephraïm, celui du nord à Manassé, et la mer leur servait de limite; ils touchaient à Aser vers le nord, et à Issacar vers l'orient.

11 Manassé possédait dans Issacar et dans Aser: Beth-Schean et les villes de son ressort, Jibleam et les villes de son ressort, les habitants de Dor et les villes de son ressort, les habitants d'En-Dor et les villes de son ressort, les habitants de Thaanac et les villes de son ressort, et les habitants de Meguiddo et les villes de son ressort, trois contrées.

12 Les fils de Manassé ne purent pas prendre possession de ces villes, et les Cananéens voulurent rester dans ce pays.

13 Lorsque les enfants d'Israël furent assez forts, ils assujettirent les Cananéens à un tribut, mais ils ne les chassèrent point.

14 Les fils de Joseph parlèrent à Josué, et dirent: Pourquoi nous as-tu donné en héritage un seul lot, une seule part, tandis que nous formons un peuple nombreux et que l'Eternel nous a bénis jusqu'à présent?

15 Josué leur dit: Si vous êtes un peuple nombreux, montez à la forêt, et vous l'abattrez pour vous y faire de la place dans le pays des Phéréziens et des Rephaïm, puisque la montagne d'Ephraïm est trop étroite pour vous.

16 Les fils de Joseph dirent: La montagne ne nous suffira pas, et il y a des chars de fer chez tous les Cananéens qui habitent la vallée, chez ceux qui sont à Beth-Schean et dans les villes de son ressort, et chez ceux qui sont dans la vallée de Jizreel.

17 Josué dit à la maison de Joseph, à Ephraïm et à Manassé: Vous êtes un peuple nombreux, et votre force est grande, vous n'aurez pas un simple lot.

18 Mais vous aurez la montagne, car c'est une forêt que vous abattrez et dont les issues seront à vous, et vous chasserez les Cananéens, malgré leurs chars de fer et malgré leur force.


Exploring the Meaning of Josué 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

premier-né
Lorsque la Bible parle de générations ou d'ordre de naissance, la signification interne a trait à la progression des états spirituels et à leur importance...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

père
Père dans la Parole signifie ce qui est le plus intérieur, et dans les choses qui suivent l'ordre du Seigneur, cela signifie ce qui est...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Familles
Families (as in Genesis 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. See Secrets of Heaven 917. In Nahum...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

Josué
Josué est mentionné pour la première fois dans Exode 17, où il est chargé de sélectionner des hommes pour combattre les enfants d'Israël contre les...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commandé
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Frères
Il y a deux façons d'utiliser le mot "frère" dans la Bible, des façons qui se reflètent encore dans le langage moderne. L'un désigne une...

ordre
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jourdain
Le fleuve Jourdain sépare le pays de Canaan des terres situées à l'est. Cette séparation représente la division de l'esprit humain en une partie interne...

Les filles
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

limite
Souvent traduit par "bord", "frontière", "limite", "périphérie", "endroits éloignés" et autres, ce terme est utilisé dans la Bible pour désigner les endroits les plus éloignés...

Sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

frontière
Souvent traduit par "bord", "frontière", "limite", "périphérie", "endroits éloignés" et autres, ce terme est utilisé dans la Bible pour désigner les endroits les plus éloignés...

Ephraïm
Ephraïm était le deuxième fils né de Joseph en Egypte et fut, avec son frère aîné Manassé, élevé par Jacob au même statut que les...

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

midi
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Milieu
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

territoire
Souvent traduit par "bord", "frontière", "limite", "périphérie", "endroits éloignés" et autres, ce terme est utilisé dans la Bible pour désigner les endroits les plus éloignés...

vers le nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

meguiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

parlèrent
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

bénis
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

forêt
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

Rephaïm
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

habitent
Beaucoup de gens étaient nomades à l'époque biblique, en particulier à l'époque de l'Ancien Testament, et vivaient dans des tentes qui pouvaient être frappées, déplacées...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

grande
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

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