Josué 13

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1 Josué était vieux, avancé en âge. L'Eternel lui dit alors: Tu es devenu vieux, tu es avancé en âge, et le pays qui te reste à soumettre est très grand.

2 Voici le pays qui reste: tous les districts des Philistins et tout le territoire des Gueschuriens,

3 depuis le Schichor qui coule devant l'Egypte jusqu'à la frontière d'Ekron au nord, contrée qui doit être tenue pour cananéenne, et qui est occupée par les cinq princes des Philistins, celui de Gaza, celui d'Asdod, celui d'Askalon, celui de Gath et celui d'Ekron, et par les Avviens;

4 partir du midi, tout le pays des Cananéens, et Meara qui est aux Sidoniens, jusqu'à Aphek, jusqu'à la frontière des Amoréens;

5 le pays des Guibliens, et tout le Liban vers le soleil levant, depuis Baal-Gad au pied de la montagne d'Hermon jusqu'à l'entrée de Hamath;

6 tous les habitants de la montagne, depuis le Liban jusqu'à Misrephoth-Maïm, tous les Sidoniens. Je les chasserai devant les enfants d'Israël. Donne seulement ce pays en héritage par le sort à Israël, comme je te l'ai prescrit;

7 et divise maintenant ce pays par portions entre les neuf tribus et la demi-tribu de Manassé.

8 Les Rubénites et les Gadites, avec l'autre moitié de la tribu de Manassé, ont reçu leur héritage, que Moïse leur a donné de l'autre côté du Jourdain, à l'orient, comme le leur a donné Moïse, serviteur de l'Eternel:

9 depuis Aroër sur les bords du torrent de l'Arnon, et depuis la ville qui est au milieu de la vallée, toute la plaine de Médeba, jusqu'à Dibon;

10 toutes les villes de Sihon, roi des Amoréens, qui régnait à Hesbon, jusqu'à la frontière des enfants d'Ammon;

11 Galaad, le territoire des Gueschuriens et des Maacathiens, toute la montagne d'Hermon, et tout Basan, jusqu'à Salca;

12 tout le royaume d'Og en Basan, qui régnait à Aschtaroth et à Edréï, et qui était le seul reste des Rephaïm. Moïse battit ces rois, et les chassa.

13 Mais les enfants d'Israël ne chassèrent point les Gueschuriens et les Maacathiens, qui ont habité au milieu d'Israël jusqu'à ce jour.

14 La tribu de Lévi fut la seule à laquelle Moïse ne donna point d'héritage; les sacrifices consumés par le feu devant l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, tel fut son héritage, comme il le lui avait dit.

15 Moïse avait donné à la tribu des fils de Ruben une part selon leurs familles.

16 Ils eurent pour territoire, à partir d'Aroër sur les bords du torrent d'Arnon, et de la ville qui est au milieu de la vallée, toute la plaine près de Médeba,

17 Hesbon et toutes ses villes dans la plaine, Dibon, Bamoth-Baal, Beth-Baal-Meon,

18 Jahats, Kedémoth, Méphaath,

19 Kirjathaïm, Sibma, Tséreth-Haschachar sur la montagne de la vallée,

20 Beth-Peor, les coteaux du Pisga, Beth-Jeschimoth,

21 toutes les villes de la plaine, et tout le royaume de Sihon, roi des Amoréens, qui régnait à Hesbon: Moïse l'avait battu, lui et les princes de Madian, Evi, Rékem, Tsur, Hur et Réba, princes qui relevaient de Sihon et qui habitaient dans le pays.

22 Parmi ceux que tuèrent les enfants d'Israël, ils avaient aussi fait périr avec l'épée le devin Balaam, fils de Beor.

23 Le Jourdain servait de limite au territoire des fils de Ruben. Voilà l'héritage des fils de Ruben selon leurs familles; les villes et leurs villages.

24 Moïse avait donné à la tribu de Gad, aux fils de Gad, une part selon leurs familles.

25 Ils eurent pour territoire Jaezer, toutes les villes de Galaad, la moitié du pays des enfants d'Ammon jusqu'à Aroër vis-à-vis de Rabba,

26 depuis Hesbon jusqu'à Ramath-Mitspé et Bethonim, depuis Mahanaïm jusqu'à la frontière de Debir,

27 et, dans la vallée, Beth-Haram, Beth-Nimra, Succoth et Tsaphon, reste du royaume de Sihon, roi de Hesbon, ayant le Jourdain pour limite jusqu'à l'extrémité de la mer de Kinnéreth de l'autre côté du Jourdain, à l'orient.

28 Voilà l'héritage des fils de Gad selon leurs familles; les villes et leurs villages.

29 Moïse avait donné à la demi-tribu de Manassé, aux fils de Manassé, une part selon leurs familles.

30 Ils eurent pour territoire, à partir de Mahanaïm, tout Basan, tout le royaume d'Og, roi de Basan, et tous les bourgs de Jaïr en Basan, soixante villes.

31 La moitié de Galaad, Aschtaroth et Edréï, villes du royaume d'Og en Basan, échurent aux fils de Makir, fils de Manassé, à la moitié des fils de Makir, selon leurs familles.

32 Telles sont les parts que fit Moïse, lorsqu'il était dans les plaines de Moab, de l'autre côté du Jourdain, vis-à-vis de Jéricho, à l'orient.

33 Moïse ne donna point d'héritage à la tribu de Lévi; l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, tel fut son héritage, comme il le lui avait dit.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

territoire
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Egypte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

frontière
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

Liban
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

soleil levant
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

levant
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

entrée
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Neuf
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

au milieu de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Milieu
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

les villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

d'ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Rephaïm
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

habité
'Inhabit' refers to good.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

lévi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

des fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Madian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

habitaient
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

tuèrent
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

limite
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

villages
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

jaezer
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Rabba
Rabbath

mahanaïm
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

Succoth
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

soixante
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

plaines
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Jéricho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

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