Genèse 49

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French: Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Jacob appela ses fils, et dit: Assemblez-vous, et je vous annoncerai ce qui vous arrivera dans la suite des temps.

2 Rassemblez-vous, et écoutez, fils de Jacob! Ecoutez Israël, votre père!

3 Ruben, toi, mon premier-né, Ma force et les prémices de ma vigueur, Supérieur en dignité et supérieur en puissance,

4 Impétueux comme les eaux, tu n'auras pas la prééminence! Car tu es monté sur la couche de ton père, Tu as souillé ma couche en y montant.

5 Siméon et Lévi sont frères; Leurs glaives sont des instruments de violence.

6 Que mon âme n'entre point dans leur conciliabule, Que mon esprit ne s'unisse point à leur assemblée! Car, dans leur colère, ils ont tué des hommes, Et, dans leur méchanceté, ils ont coupé les jarrets des taureaux.

7 Maudite soit leur colère, car elle est violente, Et leur fureur, car elle est cruelle! Je les séparerai dans Jacob, Et je les disperserai dans Israël.

8 Juda, tu recevras les hommages de tes frères; Ta main sera sur la nuque de tes ennemis. Les fils de ton père se prosterneront devant toi.

9 Juda est un jeune lion. Tu reviens du carnage, mon fils! Il ploie les genoux, il se couche comme un lion, Comme une lionne: qui le fera lever?

10 Le sceptre ne s'éloignera point de Juda, Ni le bâton souverain d'entre ses pieds, Jusqu'à ce que vienne le Schilo, Et que les peuples lui obéissent.

11 Il attache à la vigne son âne, Et au meilleur cep le petit de son ânesse; Il lave dans le vin son vêtement, Et dans le sang des raisins son manteau.

12 Il a les yeux rouges de vin, Et les dents blanches de lait.

13 Zabulon habitera sur la côte des mers, Il sera sur la côte des navires, Et sa limite s'étendra du côté de Sidon.

14 Issacar est un âne robuste, Qui se couche dans les étables.

15 Il voit que le lieu où il repose est agréable, Et que la contrée est magnifique; Et il courbe son épaule sous le fardeau, Il s'assujettit à un tribut.

16 Dan jugera son peuple, Comme l'une des tribus d'Israël.

17 Dan sera un serpent sur le chemin, Une vipère sur le sentier, Mordant les talons du cheval, Pour que le cavalier tombe à la renverse.

18 J'espère en ton secours, ô Eternel!

19 Gad sera assailli par des bandes armées, Mais il les assaillira et les poursuivra.

20 Aser produit une nourriture excellente; Il fournira les mets délicats des rois.

21 Nephthali est une biche en liberté; Il profère de belles paroles.

22 Joseph est le rejeton d'un arbre fertile, Le rejeton d'un arbre fertile près d'une source; Les branches s'élèvent au-dessus de la muraille.

23 Ils l'ont provoqué, ils ont lancé des traits; Les archers l'ont poursuivi de leur haine.

24 Mais son arc est demeuré ferme, Et ses mains ont été fortifiées Par les mains du Puissant de Jacob: Il est ainsi devenu le berger, le rocher d'Israël.

25 C'est l'oeuvre du Dieu de ton père, qui t'aidera; C'est l'oeuvre du Tout-Puissant, qui te bénira Des bénédictions des cieux en haut, Des bénédictions des eaux en bas, Des bénédictions des mamelles et du sein maternel.

26 Les bénédictions de ton père s'élèvent Au-dessus des bénédictions de mes pères Jusqu'à la cime des collines éternelles: Qu'elles soient sur la tête de Joseph, Sur le sommet de la tête du prince de ses frères!

27 Benjamin est un loup qui déchire; Le matin, il dévore la proie, Et le soir, il partage le butin.

28 Ce sont là tous ceux qui forment les douze tribus d'Israël. Et c'est là ce que leur dit leur père, en les bénissant. Il les bénit, chacun selon sa bénédiction.

29 Puis il leur donna cet ordre: Je vais être recueilli auprès de mon peuple; enterrez-moi avec mes pères, dans la caverne qui est au champ d'Ephron, le Héthien,

30 dans la caverne du champ de Macpéla, vis-à-vis de Mamré, dans le pays de Canaan. C'est le champ qu'Abraham a acheté d'Ephron, le Héthien, comme propriété sépulcrale.

31 Là on a enterré Abraham et Sara, sa femme; là on a enterré Isaac et Rebecca, sa femme; et là j'ai enterré Léa.

32 Le champ et la caverne qui s'y trouve ont été achetés des fils de Heth.

33 Lorsque Jacob eut achevé de donner ses ordres à ses fils, il retira ses pieds dans le lit, il expira, et fut recueilli auprès de son peuple.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 6328, 6329, 6330, 6331, 6332, 6334, 6335, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 349

La Nouvelle Jérusalem et sa Doctrine Céleste 258


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 259, 1063, 1069, 1071, 1298, 1756, 1984, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 17, 20, 134, 137, 166, 241, 298, ...

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 706, 708

Le Cheval Blanc 2

La Nouvelle Jérusalem et sa Doctrine Céleste 248


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 39, 119, 163, 195, 237, 278, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 60

Spiritual Experiences 21, 5089

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

premier-né
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Siméon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

lévi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Assemblée
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

tué
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

disperserai
The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Lion
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

pieds
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

ânesse
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

vêtement
'Vestments' signify truth, and in relation to the Lord, divine truth. 'Vesture' signifies truth clothing good, and when describing the Word, it signifies the Word...

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

les dents
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

lait
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

navires
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

côté
'Sides' signify the interior or middle between the inmost and the extremes. The word 'rib' is used to mean sides, they denote truths, but sides...

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

voit
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

d'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

serpent
'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

sentier
'A path' denotes truths, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

talons
'The heel' signifies natural things of the lowest order. 'The heel which the serpent should bruise,' as mentioned in Genesis 3:15, signifies the lowest natural...

cheval
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

bandes
'A troop,' as in Genesis 30:11, signifies omnipotence and omniscience in the highest sense, in an internal sense, the good of faith, and in an...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

fertile
To be fruitful is predicated of goodnesses, and to be multiplied, of truths.

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

puissant
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

berger
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

tout-puissant
'Shaddai,' as in Genesis 43:14, signifies temptation, and consolation after temptation. This is because the ancients called the one and only God by various names...

bénédictions
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

cieux
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

bas
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Sein
The breast (Ezek. 16:7), signifies natural good.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Loup
'A wolf' signifies eagerness to seize, but also eagerness to rescue and deliver the good.

Matin
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

soir
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Ephron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

héthien
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Macpéla
'Macpelah,' as in Genesis 23:17, signifies regeneration by truth, which relates to faith.

pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

Sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

isaac
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

Rebecca
'Rebecca,' as in Genesis 24, signifies divine truth which would be joined to divine good of the Lord’s rational mind, which is 'Isaac.'

des fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Heth
The daughters of Heth, as mentioned in Genesis 27:46, signify the affections of truth from a ground that is not genuine. Here they are the...

Resources for parents and teachers

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