Deutéronome 19

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

← Deutéronome 18   Deutéronome 20 →

1 Lorsque l'Eternel, ton Dieu, aura exterminé les nations dont l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te donne le pays, lorsque tu les auras chassées et que tu habiteras dans leurs villes et dans leurs maisons,

2 tu sépareras trois villes au milieu du pays dont l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te donne la possession.

3 Tu établiras des routes, et tu diviseras en trois parties le territoire du pays que l'Eternel, ton Dieu, va te donner en héritage. Il en sera ainsi afin que tout meurtrier puisse s'enfuir dans ces villes.

4 Cette loi s'appliquera au meurtrier qui s'enfuira là pour sauver sa vie, lorsqu'il aura involontairement tué son prochain, sans avoir été auparavant son ennemi.

5 Un homme, par exemple, va couper du bois dans la forêt avec Un autre homme; la hache en main, il s'élance pour abattre Un arbre; le fer échappe du manche, atteint le compagnon de cet homme, et lui donne la mort. Alors il s'enfuira dans l'une de ces villes pour sauver sa vie,

6 de peur que le vengeur du sang, échauffé par la colère et poursuivant le meurtrier, ne finisse par l'atteindre s'il y avait à faire beaucoup de chemin, et ne frappe mortellement celui qui ne mérite pas la mort, puisqu'il n'était point auparavant l'ennemi de son prochain.

7 C'est pourquoi je te donne cet ordre: Tu sépareras trois villes.

8 Lorsque l'Eternel, ton Dieu, aura élargi tes frontières, comme il l'a juré à tes pères, et qu'il t'aura donné tout le pays qu'il a promis à tes pères de te donner, -

9 pourvu que tu observes et mettes en pratique tous ces commandements que je te prescris aujourd'hui, en sorte que tu aimes l'Eternel, ton Dieu, et que tu marches toujours dans ses voies, -tu ajouteras encore trois villes à ces trois-là,

10 afin que le sang innocent ne soit pas répandu au milieu du pays que l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te donne pour héritage, et que tu ne sois pas coupable de meurtre.

11 Mais si un homme s'enfuit dans une de ces villes, après avoir dressé des embûches à son prochain par inimitié contre lui, après l'avoir attaqué et frappé de manière à causer sa mort,

12 les anciens de sa ville l'enverront saisir et le livreront entre les mains du vengeur du sang, afin qu'il meure.

13 Tu ne jetteras pas sur lui un regard de pitié, tu feras disparaître d'Israël le sang innocent, et tu seras heureux.

14 Tu ne reculeras point les bornes de ton prochain, posées par tes ancêtres, dans l'héritage que tu auras au pays dont l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te donne la possession.

15 Un seul témoin ne suffira pas contre Un homme pour constater Un crime ou Un péché, quel qu'il soit; Un fait ne pourra s'établir que sur la déposition de deux ou de trois témoins.

16 Lorsqu'un faux témoin s'élèvera contre quelqu'un pour l'accuser d'un crime,

17 les deux hommes en contestation comparaîtront devant l'Eternel, devant les sacrificateurs et les juges alors en fonctions.

18 Les juges feront avec soin des recherches. Le témoin est-il un faux témoin, a-t-il fait contre son frère une fausse déposition,

19 alors vous le traiterez comme il avait dessein de traiter son frère. Tu ôteras ainsi le mal du milieu de toi.

20 Les autres entendront et craindront, et l'on ne commettra plus un acte aussi criminel au milieu de toi.

21 Tu ne jetteras aucun regard de pitié: oeil pour oeil, dent pour dent, main pour main, pied pour pied.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

L’Apocalypse Révélée 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Milieu
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

routes
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

territoire
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

s'enfuir
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

enfuir
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

forêt
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

arbre
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

Le fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

du sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

poursuivant
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Frappe
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

s'enfuit
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

frappé
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

témoin
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

les juges
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

dent
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

Pied
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


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