Deutéronome 15

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1 Tous les sept ans, tu feras relâche.

2 Et voici comment s'observera le relâche. Quand on aura publié le relâche en l'honneur de l'Eternel, tout créancier qui aura fait un prêt à son prochain se relâchera de son droit, il ne pressera pas son prochain et son frère pour le paiement de sa dette.

3 Tu pourras presser l'étranger; mais tu te relâcheras de ton droit pour ce qui t'appartiendra chez ton frère.

4 Toutefois, il n'y aura point d'indigent chez toi, car l'Eternel te bénira dans le pays que l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te fera posséder en héritage,

5 pourvu seulement que tu obéisses à la voix de l'Eternel, ton Dieu, en mettant soigneusement en pratique tous ces commandements que je te prescris aujourd'hui.

6 L'Eternel, ton Dieu, te bénira comme il te l'a dit, tu prêteras à beaucoup de nations, et tu n'emprunteras point; tu domineras sur beaucoup de nations, et elles ne domineront point sur toi.

7 S'il y a chez toi quelque indigent d'entre tes frères, dans l'une de tes portes, au pays que l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te donne, tu n'endurciras point ton coeur et tu ne fermeras point ta main devant ton frère indigent.

8 Mais tu lui ouvriras ta main, et tu lui prêteras de quoi pourvoir à ses besoins.

9 Garde-toi d'être assez méchant pour dire en ton coeur: La septième année, l'année du relâche, approche! Garde-toi d'avoir un oeil sans pitié pour ton frère indigent et de lui faire un refus. Il crierait à l'Eternel contre toi, et tu te chargerais d'un péché.

10 Donne-lui, et que ton coeur ne lui Donne point à regret; car, à cause de cela, l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te bénira dans tous tes travaux et dans toutes tes entreprises.

11 Il y aura toujours des indigents dans le pays; c'est pourquoi je te donne ce commandement: Tu ouvriras ta main à ton frère, au pauvre et à l'indigent dans ton pays.

12 Si l'un de tes frères hébreux, homme ou femme, se vend à toi, il te servira six années; mais la septième année, tu le renverras libre de chez toi.

13 Et lorsque tu le renverras libre de chez toi, tu ne le renverras point à vide;

14 tu lui feras des présents de ton menu bétail, de ton aire, de ton pressoir, de ce que tu auras par la bénédiction de l'Eternel, ton Dieu.

15 Tu te souviendras que tu as été esclave au pays d'Egypte, et que l'Eternel, ton Dieu, t'a racheté; c'est pourquoi je te donne aujourd'hui ce commandement.

16 Si ton esclave te dit: Je ne veux pas sortir de chez toi, -parce qu'il t'aime, toi et ta maison, et qu'il se trouve bien chez toi, -

17 alors tu prendras un poinçon et tu lui perceras l'oreille contre la porte, et il sera pour toujours ton esclave. Tu feras de même pour ta servante.

18 Tu ne trouveras point dur de le renvoyer libre de chez toi, car il t'a servi six ans, ce qui vaut le double du salaire d'un mercenaire; et l'Eternel, ton Dieu, te bénira dans tout ce que tu feras.

19 Tu consacreras à l'Eternel, ton Dieu, tout premier-né mâle qui naîtra dans ton gros et dans ton menu bétail. Tu ne travailleras point avec le premier-né de ton boeuf, et tu ne tondras point le premier-né de tes brebis.

20 Tu le mangeras chaque année, toi et ta famille, devant l'Eternel, ton Dieu, dans le lieu qu'il choisira.

21 S'il a quelque défaut, s'il est boiteux ou aveugle, ou s'il a quelque autre difformité, tu ne l'offriras point en sacrifice à l'Eternel, ton Dieu.

22 Tu le mangeras dans tes portes; celui qui sera impur et celui qui sera pur en mangeront l'un et l'autre, comme on mange de la gazelle et du cerf.

23 Seulement, tu n'en mangeras pas le sang; tu le répandras sur la terre comme de l'eau.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 15      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-6. All idea of merit to be relinquished in spiritual things.

Verses 7-11. The spiritual aspirations to be satisfied as far as possible.

Verses 12-18. Inferior goods and uses are not to be despised, but to be endowed from the spiritual mind.

Verses 19-23. All good things to be ascribed to the Lord, and are not to be made use of for evil ends.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 737, 922, 1703, 2360, 2383, 2567, 2959, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 32, 209, 210

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 238, 239, 328, 329, 409, 725, ...

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