Amos 5

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French: Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Ecoutez cette parole, Cette complainte que je prononce sur vous, Maison d'Israël!

2 Elle est tombée, elle ne se relèvera plus, La vierge d'Israël; Elle est couchée par terre, Nul ne la relève.

3 Car ainsi parle le Seigneur, l'Eternel: La ville qui mettait en campagne mille hommes N'en conservera que cent, Et celle qui mettait en campagne cent hommes N'en conservera que dix, pour la maison d'Israël.

4 Car ainsi parle l'Eternel à la maison d'Israël: Cherchez-moi, et vous vivrez!

5 Ne cherchez pas Béthel, N'allez pas à Guilgal, Ne passez pas à Beer-Schéba. Car Guilgal sera captif, Et Béthel anéanti.

6 Cherchez l'Eternel, et vous vivrez! Craignez qu'il ne saisisse comme un feu la maison de Joseph, Et que ce feu ne la dévore, sans personne à Béthel pour l'éteindre,

7 O vous qui changez le droit en absinthe, Et qui foulez à terre la justice!

8 Il a créé les Pléiades et l'Orion, Il change les ténèbres en aurore, Il obscurcit le jour pour en faire la nuit, Il appelle les eaux de la mer, Et les répand à la surface de la terre: L'Eternel est son nom.

9 Il fait lever la ruine sur les puissants, Et la ruine vient sur les forteresses.

10 Ils haïssent celui qui les reprend à la porte, Et ils ont en horreur celui qui parle sincèrement.

11 Aussi, parce que vous avez foulé le misérable, Et que vous avez pris de lui du blé en présent, Vous avez bâti des maisons en pierres de taille, Mais vous ne les habiterez pas; Vous avez planté d'excellentes vignes, Mais vous n'en boirez pas le vin.

12 Car, je le sais, vos crimes sont nombreux, Vos péchés se sont multipliés; Vous opprimez le juste, vous recevez des présents, Et vous violez à la porte le droit des pauvres.

13 Voilà pourquoi, en des temps comme ceux-ci, le sage se tait; Car ces temps sont mauvais.

14 Recherchez le bien et non le mal, afin que vous viviez, Et qu'ainsi l'Eternel, le Dieu des armées, soit avec vous, Comme vous le dites.

15 Haïssez le mal et aimez le bien, Faites régner à la porte la justice; Et peut-être l'Eternel, le Dieu des armées, aura pitié Des restes de Joseph.

16 C'est pourquoi ainsi parle l'Eternel, le Dieu des armées, le Seigneur; Dans toutes les places on se lamentera, Dans toutes les rues on dira: Hélas! hélas! On appellera le laboureur au deuil, Et aux lamentations ceux qui disent des complaintes.

17 Dans toutes les vignes on se lamentera, Lorsque je passerai au milieu de toi, dit l'Eternel.

18 Malheur à ceux qui désirent le jour de l'Eternel! Qu'attendez-vous du jour de l'Eternel? Il sera ténèbres et non lumière.

19 Vous serez comme un homme qui fuit devant un lion Et que rencontre un ours, Qui gagne sa demeure, appuie sa main sur la muraille, Et que mord un serpent.

20 Le jour de l'Eternel n'est-il pas ténèbres et non lumière? N'est-il pas obscur et sans éclat?

21 Je hais, je méprise vos fêtes, Je ne puis sentir vos assemblées.

22 Quand vous me présentez des holocaustes et des offrandes, Je n'y prends aucun plaisir; Et les veaux engraissés que vous sacrifiez en actions de grâces, Je ne les regarde pas.

23 Eloigne de moi le bruit de tes cantiques; Je n'écoute pas le son de tes luths.

24 Mais que la droiture soit comme un courant d'eau, Et la justice comme un torrent qui jamais ne tarit.

25 M'avez-vous fait des sacrifices et des offrandes Pendant les quarante années du désert, maison d'Israël?...

26 Emportez donc la tente de votre roi, Le piédestal de vos idoles, L'étoile de votre Dieu Que vous vous êtes fabriqué!

27 Et je vous emmènerai captifs au delà de Damas, Dit l'Eternel, dont le nom est le Dieu des armées.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 4, 38

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 85

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

complainte
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vierge
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cent
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

béthel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

passez
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Terre
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

pierres
The phrase 'hewn stone,' as in Isaiah 9:10, denotes something fictitious.

planté
'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

vignes
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

péchés
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

juste
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

recherchez
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

bien
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Dieu
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

armées
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

appellera
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

laboureur
'A husbandman,' as mentioned in Amos 5:16, signifies the man of the church, because 'field' signifies the church regarding the implantation of truth. 'A husbandman,'...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ténèbres
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

lumière
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

Lion
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

ours
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

serpent
'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

engraissés
Fatlings signify celestial goods and the affections thereof, and the delights of those affections. Fatlings of Bashan, as in Ezekiel 39:11, signify goods of the...

droiture
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

étoile
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Damas
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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