Amos 1

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1 Paroles d'Amos, l'un des bergers de Tekoa, visions qu'il eut sur Israël, au temps d'Ozias, roi de Juda, et au temps de Jéroboam, fils de Joas, roi d'Israël, deux ans avant le tremblement de terre.

2 Il dit: De Sion l'Eternel rugit, De Jérusalem il fait entendre sa voix. Les pâturages des bergers sont dans le deuil, Et le sommet du Carmel est desséché.

3 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes de Damas, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont foulé Galaad sous des traîneaux de fer.

4 J'enverrai le feu dans la maison de Hazaël, Et il dévorera les palais de Ben-Hadad.

5 Je briserai les verrous de Damas, J'exterminerai de Bikath-Aven les habitants, Et de Beth-Eden celui qui tient le sceptre; Et le peuple de Syrie sera mené captif à Kir, dit l'Eternel.

6 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes de Gaza, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont fait une foule de captifs pour les livrer à Edom.

7 J'enverrai le feu dans les murs de Gaza, Et il en dévorera les palais.

8 J'exterminerai d'Asdod les habitants, Et d'Askalon celui qui tient le sceptre; Je tournerai ma main contre Ekron, Et le reste des Philistins périra, dit le Seigneur, l'Eternel.

9 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes de Tyr, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont livré à Edom une foule de captifs, Sans se souvenir de l'alliance fraternelle.

10 J'enverrai le feu dans les murs de Tyr, Et il en dévorera les palais.

11 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes d'Edom, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'il a poursuivi ses frères avec l'épée, En étouffant sa compassion, Parce que sa colère déchire toujours, Et qu'il garde éternellement sa fureur.

12 J'enverrai le feu dans Théman, Et il dévorera les palais de Botsra.

13 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes des enfants d'Ammon, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont fendu le ventre des femmes enceintes de Galaad, Afin d'agrandir leur territoire.

14 J'allumerai le feu dans les murs de Rabba, Et il en dévorera les palais, Au milieu des cris de guerre au jour du combat, Au milieu de l'ouragan au jour de la tempête;

15 Et leur roi s'en ira en captivité, Lui, et ses chefs avec lui, dit l'Eternel.


Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 343, 612


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Významy biblických slov

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

avant
Dans la plupart des cas, la signification de "avant" est assez simple, à la fois comme moyen d'évaluer le temps relatif, et dans son utilisation...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

bergers
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

deuil
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

Carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

crimes
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Damas
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

les palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Eden
«Eden» en soi signifie amour, dans la plupart des cas, l'amour qui vient du Seigneur et notre amour pour le Seigneur, qui est le plus...

Syrie
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Tyr
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

se souvenir
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

souvenir
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

poursuivi
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Frères
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

colère
La colère est une émotion si commune aux gens qu'elle ne nécessite aucune définition. Cependant, quelques points d'intérêt peuvent être soulevés. 1) Le Seigneur n'est...

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

Botsra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

enceintes
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

territoire
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Rabba
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

combat
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

chefs
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

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