2 Samuel 20

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1 Il se trouvait là un méchant homme, nommé Schéba, fils de Bicri, Benjamite. Il sonna de la trompette, et dit: Point de part pour nous avec David, point d'héritage pour nous avec le fils d'Isaï! Chacun à sa tente, Israël!

2 Et tous les hommes d'Israël s'éloignèrent de David, et suivirent Schéba, fils de Bicri. Mais les hommes de Juda restèrent fidèles à leur roi, et l'accompagnèrent depuis le Jourdain jusqu'à Jérusalem.

3 David rentra dans sa maison à Jérusalem. Le roi prit les dix concubines qu'il avait laissées pour garder la maison, et il les mit dans un lieu où elles étaient séquestrées; il pourvut à leur entretien, mais il n'alla point vers elles. Et elles furent enfermées jusqu'au jour de leur mort, vivant dans un état de veuvage.

4 Le roi dit à Amasa: Convoque-moi d'ici à trois jours les hommes de Juda; et toi, sois ici présent.

5 Amasa partit pour convoquer Juda; mais il tarda au delà du temps que le roi lui avait fixé.

6 David dit alors à Abischaï: Schéba, fils de Bicri, va maintenant nous faire plus de mal qu'Absalom. Prends toi-même les serviteurs de ton maître et poursuis-le, de peur qu'il ne trouve des villes fortes et ne se dérobe à nos yeux.

7 Et Abischaï partit, suivi des gens de Joab, des Kéréthiens et des Péléthiens, et de tous les vaillants hommes; ils sortirent de Jérusalem, afin de poursuivre Schéba, fils de Bicri.

8 Lorsqu'ils furent près de la grande pierre qui est à Gabaon, Amasa arriva devant eux. Joab était ceint d'une épée par-dessus les habits dont il était revêtu; elle était attachée à ses reins dans le fourreau, d'où elle glissa, comme Joab s'avançait.

9 Joab dit à Amasa: Te portes-tu bien, mon frère? Et de la main droite il saisit la barbe d'Amasa pour le baiser.

10 Amasa ne prit point garde à l'épée qui était dans la main de Joab; et Joab l'en frappa au ventre et répandit ses entrailles à terre, sans lui porter un second coup. Et Amasa mourut. Joab et son frère Abischaï marchèrent à la poursuite de Schéba, fils de Bicri.

11 Un homme d'entre les gens de Joab resta près d'Amasa, et il disait: Qui veut de Joab et qui est pour David? Qu'il suive Joab!

12 Amasa se roulait dans le sang au milieu de la route; et cet homme, ayant vu que tout le peuple s'arrêtait, poussa Amasa hors de la route dans un champ, et jeta sur lui un vêtement, lorsqu'il vit que tous ceux qui arrivaient près de lui s'arrêtaient.

13 Quand il fut ôté de la route, chacun suivit Joab, afin de poursuivre Schéba, fils de Bicri.

14 Joab traversa toutes les tribus d'Israël dans la direction d'Abel-Beth-Maaca, et tous les hommes d'élite se rassemblèrent et le suivirent.

15 Ils vinrent assiéger Schéba dans Abel-Beth-Maaca, et ils élevèrent contre la ville une terrasse qui atteignait le rempart. Tout le peuple qui était avec Joab sapait la muraille pour la faire tomber.

16 Alors une femme habile se mit à crier de la ville: Ecoutez, écoutez! Dites, je vous prie, à Joab: Approche jusqu'ici, je veux te parler!

17 Il s'approcha d'elle, et la femme dit: Es-tu Joab? Il répondit: Je le suis. Et elle lui dit: Ecoute les paroles de ta servante. Il répondit: J'écoute.

18 Et elle dit: Autrefois on avait coutume de dire: Que l'on consulte Abel! Et tout se terminait ainsi.

19 Je suis une des villes paisibles et fidèles en Israël; et tu cherches à faire périr une ville qui est une mère en Israël! Pourquoi détruirais-tu l'héritage de l'Eternel?

20 Joab répondit: Loin, loin de moi la pensée de détruire et de ruiner!

21 La chose n'est pas ainsi. Mais un homme de la montagne d'Ephraïm, nommé Schéba, fils de Bicri, a levé la main contre le roi David; livrez-le, lui seul, et je m'éloignerai de la ville. La femme dit à Joab: Voici, sa tête te sera jetée par la muraille.

22 Et la femme alla vers tout le peuple avec sa sagesse; et ils coupèrent la tête à Schéba, fils de Bicri, et la jetèrent à Joab. Joab sonna de la trompette; on se dispersa loin de la ville, et chacun s'en alla dans sa tente. Et Joab retourna à Jérusalem, vers le roi.

23 Joab commandait toute l'armée d'Israël; Benaja, fils de Jehojada, était à la tête des Kéréthiens et des Péléthiens;

24 Adoram était préposé aux impôts; Josaphat, fils d'Achilud, était archiviste;

25 Scheja était secrétaire; Tsadok et Abiathar étaient sacrificateurs;

26 et Ira de Jaïr était ministre d'état de David.

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Významy biblických slov

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Benjamite
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

trompette
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

David
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

d'isaï
Jesse, a resident of Bethlehem, was the father of David, and thus was part of the lineage of Jesus. Swedenborg says little about him as...

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

garder
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Maître
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

poursuis
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Joab
Joab' denotes people in whom there is no longer any spiritual life, because of the profanation of good and the falsification of truth.

Poursuivre
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

habits
'Vestments' signify truth, and in relation to the Lord, divine truth. 'Vesture' signifies truth clothing good, and when describing the Word, it signifies the Word...

Reins
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Baiser
To kiss' signifies uniting or conjunction from affection. To kiss,' as in c, signifies initiation. 'To kiss' signifies conjunction and acknowledgment.

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

frappa
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

au milieu de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

route
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Vêtement
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

vinrent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

terrasse
'Mound' signifies truths not appearing because they are falsified.

Rempart
A rampart,' as in Lamentations 2:8, signifies doctrinal matters.

tomber
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

parler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

approcha
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

servante
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

écoute
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

levé
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

armée
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Josaphat
In the Bible, King Jehoshaphat of Judah is mentioned in the first Book of Kings, in Chapters 21 and 22. He comes to the throne...

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


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