1 Samuel 8

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1 Lorsque Samuel devint vieux, il établit ses fils juges sur Israël.

2 Son fils premier-né se nommait Joël, et le second Abija; ils étaient juges à Beer-Schéba.

3 Les fils de Samuel ne marchèrent point sur ses traces; ils se livraient à la cupidité, recevaient des présents, et violaient la justice.

4 Tous les anciens d'Israël s'assemblèrent, et vinrent auprès de Samuel à Rama.

5 Ils lui dirent: Voici, tu es vieux, et tes fils ne marchent point sur tes traces; maintenant, établis sur nous un roi pour nous juger, comme il y en a chez toutes les nations.

6 Samuel vit avec déplaisir qu'ils disaient: Donne-nous un roi pour nous juger. Et Samuel pria l'Eternel.

7 L'Eternel dit à Samuel: Ecoute la voix du peuple dans tout ce qu'il te dira; car ce n'est pas toi qu'ils rejettent, c'est moi qu'ils rejettent, afin que je ne règne plus sur eux.

8 Ils agissent à ton égard comme ils ont toujours agi depuis que je les ai fait monter d'Egypte jusqu'à ce jour; ils m'ont abandonné, pour servir d'autres dieux.

9 Ecoute donc leur voix; mais donne-leur des avertissements, et fais-leur connaître le droit du roi qui régnera sur eux.

10 Samuel rapporta toutes les paroles de l'Eternel au peuple qui lui demandait un roi.

11 Il dit: Voici quel sera le droit du roi qui régnera sur vous. Il prendra vos fils, et il les mettra sur ses chars et parmi ses cavaliers, afin qu'ils courent devant son char;

12 il s'en fera des chefs de mille et des chefs de cinquante, et il les emploiera à labourer ses terres, à récolter ses moissons, à fabriquer ses armes de guerre et l'attirail de ses chars.

13 Il prendra vos filles, pour en faire des parfumeuses, des cuisinières et des boulangères.

14 Il prendra la meilleure partie de vos champs, de vos vignes et de vos oliviers, et la donnera à ses serviteurs.

15 Il prendra la dîme du produit de vos semences et de vos vignes, et la donnera à ses serviteurs.

16 Il prendra vos serviteurs et vos servantes, vos meilleurs boeufs et vos ânes, et s'en servira pour ses travaux.

17 Il prendra la dîme de vos troupeaux, et vous-mêmes serez ses esclaves.

18 Et alors vous crierez contre votre roi que vous vous serez choisi, mais l'Eternel ne vous exaucera point.

19 Le peuple refusa d'écouter la voix de Samuel. Non! dirent-ils, mais il y aura un roi sur nous,

20 et nous aussi nous serons comme toutes les nations; notre roi nous jugera il marchera à notre tête et conduira nos guerres.

21 Samuel, après avoir entendu toutes les paroles du peuple, les redit aux oreilles de l'Eternel.

22 Et l'Eternel dit à Samuel: Ecoute leur voix, et établis un roi sur eux. Et Samuel dit aux hommes d'Israël: Allez-vous-en chacun dans sa ville.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Genèse 46:1

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Matthieu 20:25

Les Actes des Apôtres 13:21

Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

vieux
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

premier-né
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Justice
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vinrent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

juger
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

voix
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

Règne
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

servir
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

cavaliers
'A horseman' signifies intelligence, or one who is intelligent. 'A horseman,' as mentioned in Revelation 9:16, signifies reasonings concerning faith alone. 'A horseman' can also...

chefs
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cinquante
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

récolter
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

moissons
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

vignes
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Servantes
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

travaux
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

troupeaux
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

Écouter
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

jugera
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

guerres
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

entendu
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

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