1 Samuel 3

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Le jeune Samuel était au service de l'Eternel devant Eli. La parole de l'Eternel était rare en ce temps-là, les visions n'étaient pas fréquentes.

2 En ce même temps, Eli, qui commençait à avoir les yeux troubles et ne pouvait plus voir, était couché à sa place,

3 la lampe de Dieu n'était pas encore éteinte, et Samuel était couché dans le temple de l'Eternel, où était l'arche de Dieu.

4 Alors l'Eternel appela Samuel. Il répondit: Me voici!

5 Et il courut vers Eli, et dit: Me voici, car tu m'as appelé. Eli répondit: Je n'ai point appelé; retourne te coucher. Et il alla se coucher.

6 L'Eternel appela de nouveau Samuel. Et Samuel se leva, alla vers Eli, et dit: Me voici, car tu m'as appelé. Eli répondit: Je n'ai point appelé, mon fils, retourne te coucher.

7 Samuel ne connaissait pas encore l'Eternel, et la parole de l'Eternel ne lui avait pas encore été révélée.

8 L'Eternel appela de nouveau Samuel, pour la troisième fois. Et Samuel se leva, alla vers Eli, et dit: Me voici, car tu m'as appelé. Eli comprit que c'était L'Eternel qui appelait l'enfant,

9 et il dit à Samuel: Va, couche-toi; et si l'on t'appelle, tu diras: Parle, Eternel, car ton serviteur écoute. Et Samuel alla se coucher à sa place.

10 L'Eternel vint et se présenta, et il appela comme les autres fois: Samuel, Samuel! Et Samuel répondit: Parle, car ton serviteur écoute.

11 Alors l'Eternel dit à Samuel: Voici, je vais faire en Israël une chose qui étourdira les oreilles de quiconque l'entendra.

12 En ce jour j'accomplirai sur Eli tout ce que j'ai prononcé contre sa maison; je commencerai et j'achèverai.

13 Je lui ai déclaré que je veux punir sa maison à perpétuité, à cause du crime dont il a connaissance, et par lequel ses fils se sont rendus méprisables, sans qu'il les ait réprimés.

14 C'est pourquoi je jure à la maison d'Eli que jamais le crime de la maison d'Eli ne sera expié, ni par des sacrifices ni par des offrandes.

15 Samuel resta couché jusqu'au matin, puis il ouvrit les portes de la maison de l'Eternel. Samuel craignait de raconter la vision à Eli.

16 Mais Eli appela Samuel, et dit: Samuel, mon fils! Il répondit: Me voici!

17 Et Eli dit: Quelle est la parole que t'a adressée l'Eternel? Ne me cache rien. Que Dieu te traite dans toute sa rigueur, si tu me caches quelque chose de tout ce qu'il t'a dit!

18 Samuel lui raconta tout, sans lui rien cacher. Et Eli dit: C'est l'Eternel, qu'il fasse ce qui lui semblera bon!

19 Samuel grandissait. L'Eternel était avec lui, et il ne laissa tomber à terre aucune de ses paroles.

20 Tout Israël, depuis Dan jusqu'à Beer-Schéba, reconnut que Samuel était établi prophète de l'Eternel.

21 L'Eternel continuait à apparaître dans Silo; car L'Eternel se révélait à Samuel, dans Silo, par la parole de L'Eternel.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Apocalypse Revealed 505

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 29

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 211


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

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Významy biblických slov

Jeune
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

visions
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

voir
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Lampe
The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

appelé
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

retourne
Il existe de nombreux exemples dans la Bible qui décrivent des personnes qui se retournent, regardent en arrière ou font marche arrière. Dans la plupart...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

troisième
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

appelle
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

parle
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

écoute
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

déclaré
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

connaissance
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Matin
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

craignait
La peur de l'inconnu et la peur du changement sont deux idées communes, qui couvrent ensemble un large spectre des peurs que nous avons tendance...

tomber
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Hearing the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Lord Calls to Samuel
Project | Ages up to 6

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Teaching Support | Ages over 15

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 Samuel, Samuel! (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Samuel's Call
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Backdrop and figures of Eli and Samuel to color and assemble into a diorama of the Lord calling Samuel.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Lord Calls Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

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Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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