1 Samuel 2

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Bible Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Anne pria, et dit: Mon coeur se réjouit en l'Eternel, Ma force a été relevée par l'Eternel; Ma bouche s'est ouverte contre mes ennemis, Car je me réjouis de ton secours.

2 Nul n'est saint comme l'Eternel; Il n'y a point d'autre Dieu que toi; Il n'y a point de rocher comme notre Dieu.

3 Ne parlez plus avec tant de hauteur; Que l'arrogance ne sorte plus de votre bouche; Car l'Eternel est un Dieu qui sait tout, Et par lui sont pesées toutes les actions.

4 L'arc des puissants est brisé, Et les faibles ont la force pour ceinture.

5 Ceux qui étaient rassasiés se louent pour du pain, Et ceux qui étaient affamés se reposent; Même la stérile enfante sept fois, Et celle qui avait beaucoup d'enfants est flétrie.

6 L'Eternel fait mourir et il fait vivre. Il fait descendre au séjour des morts et il en fait remonter.

7 L'Eternel appauvrit et il enrichit, Il abaisse et il élève.

8 De la poussière il retire le pauvre, Du fumier il relève l'indigent, Pour les faire asseoir avec les grands. Et il leur donne en partage un trône de gloire; Car à l'Eternel sont les colonnes de la terre, Et c'est sur elles qu'il a posé le monde.

9 Il gardera les pas de ses bien-aimés. Mais les méchants seront anéantis dans les ténèbres; Car l'homme ne triomphera point par la force.

10 Les ennemis de l'Eternel trembleront; Du haut des cieux il lancera sur eux son tonnerre; l'Eternel jugera les extrémités de la terre. Il donnera la puissance à son roi, Et il relèvera la force de son oint.

11 Elkana s'en alla dans sa maison à Rama, et l'enfant fut au service de l'Eternel devant le sacrificateur Eli.

12 Les fils d'Eli étaient des hommes pervers, ils ne connaissaient point l'Eternel.

13 Et voici quelle était la manière d'agir de ces sacrificateurs à l'égard du peuple. Lorsque quelqu'un offrait un sacrifice, le serviteur du sacrificateur arrivait au moment où l'on faisait cuire la chair. Tenant à la main une fourchette à trois dents,

14 il piquait dans la chaudière, dans le chaudron, dans la marmite, ou dans le pot; et tout ce que la fourchette amenait, le sacrificateur le prenait pour lui. C'est ainsi qu'ils agissaient à l'égard de tous ceux d'Israël qui venaient là à Silo.

15 Même avant qu'on fît brûler la graisse, le serviteur du sacrificateur arrivait et disait à celui qui offrait le sacrifice: Donne pour le sacrificateur de la chair à rôtir; il ne recevra de toi point de chair cuite, c'est de la chair crue qu'il veut.

16 Et si l'homme lui disait: Quand on aura brûlé la graisse, tu prendras ce qui te plaira, le serviteur répondait: Non! tu donneras maintenant, sinon je prends de force.

17 Ces jeunes gens se rendaient coupables devant l'Eternel d'un très grand péché, parce qu'ils méprisaient les offrandes de l'Eternel.

18 Samuel faisait le service devant l'Eternel, et cet enfant était revêtu d'un éphod de lin.

19 Sa mère lui faisait chaque année une petite robe, et la lui apportait en montant avec son mari pour offrir le sacrifice annuel.

20 Eli bénit Elkana et sa femme, en disant: Que l'Eternel te fasse avoir des enfants de cette femme, pour remplacer celui qu'elle a prêté à l'Eternel! Et ils s'en retournèrent chez eux.

21 Lorsque l'Eternel eut visité Anne, elle devint enceinte, et elle enfanta trois fils et deux filles. Et le jeune Samuel grandissait auprès de l'Eternel.

22 Eli était fort âgé et il apprit comment ses fils agissaient à l'égard de tout Israël; il apprit aussi qu'ils couchaient avec les femmes qui s'assemblaient à l'entrée de la tente d'assignation.

23 Il leur dit: Pourquoi faites-vous de telles choses? car j'apprends de tout le peuple vos mauvaises actions.

24 Non, mes enfants, ce que j'entends dire n'est pas bon; vous faites pécher le peuple de l'Eternel.

25 Si un homme pèche contre un autre homme, Dieu le jugera; mais s'il pèche contre l'Eternel, qui intercédera pour lui? Et ils n'écoutèrent point la voix de leur père, car l'Eternel voulait les faire mourir.

26 Le jeune Samuel continuait à grandir, et il était agréable à l'Eternel et aux hommes.

27 Un homme de Dieu vint auprès d'Eli, et lui dit: Ainsi parle l'Eternel: Ne me suis-je pas révélé à la maison de ton père, lorsqu'ils étaient en Egypte dans la maison de Pharaon?

28 Je l'ai choisie parmi toutes les tribus d'Israël pour être à mon service dans le sacerdoce, pour monter à mon autel, pour brûler le parfum, pour porter l'éphod devant moi, et j'ai donné à la maison de ton père tous les sacrifices consumés par le feu et offerts par les enfants d'Israël.

29 Pourquoi foulez-vous aux pieds mes sacrifices et mes offrandes, que j'ai ordonné de faire dans ma demeure? Et d'où vient que tu honores tes fils plus que moi, afin de vous engraisser des prémices de toutes les offrandes d'Israël, mon peuple?

30 C'est pourquoi voici ce que dit l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël: J'avais déclaré que ta maison et la maison de ton père marcheraient devant moi à perpétuité. Et maintenant, dit l'Eternel, loin de moi! Car j'honorerai celui qui m'honore, mais ceux qui me méprisent seront méprisés.

31 Voici, le temps arrive où je retrancherai ton bras et le bras de la maison de ton père, en sorte qu'il n'y aura plus de vieillard dans ta maison.

32 Tu verras un adversaire dans ma demeure, tandis qu'Israël sera comblé de biens par l'Eternel; et il n'y aura plus jamais de vieillard dans ta maison.

33 Je laisserai subsister auprès de mon autel l'un des tiens, afin de consumer tes yeux et d'attrister ton âme; mais tous ceux de ta maison mourront dans la force de l'âge.

34 Et tu auras pour signe ce qui arrivera à tes deux fils, Hophni et Phinées; ils mourront tous les deux le même jour.

35 Je m'établirai un sacrificateur fidèle, qui agira selon mon coeur et selon mon âme; je lui bâtirai une maison stable, et il marchera toujours devant mon oint.

36 Et quiconque restera de ta maison viendra se prosterner devant lui pour avoir une pièce d'argent et un morceau de pain, et dira: Attache-moi, je te prie, à l'une des fonctions du sacerdoce, afin que j'aie un morceau de pain à manger.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Významy biblických slov

Anne
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

se réjouit
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

réjouit
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

pain
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

affamés
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

beaucoup
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

séjour
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

morts
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

poussière
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

fumier
Dunghills as in Lamentations 4:5 signify the falsities of evil.

asseoir
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

trône
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

monde
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

méchants
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

ténèbres
Les "ténèbres" sont un état sans lumière. La "lumière" est la vérité venant du Seigneur, alors l'"obscurité" représente un état où la vérité fait défaut....

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Cieux
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

tonnerre
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

force
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

cuire
'To seethe' signifies destroying truths and goods by falsities.

la chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Graisse
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cuite
'To ripen,' as in Genesis 40:10, denotes the progress of the rebirth, or regeneration, particularly the conjunction of truth and good.

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

méprisaient
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

robe
'A pallium' or 'robe' represents the middle degree of the spiritual kingdom.

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

bénit
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

femme
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

Jeune
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

femmes
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

entrée
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tente
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

voix
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Egypte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Pharaon
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

foulez-vous
To kick' signifies the state of the Jews regarding intellectual truth, which is represented by a horse kicking.

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

honore
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

méprisés
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

bras
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

qu'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

tous les deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

prosterner
To adore, in the Word, signifies to acknowledge and believe.

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Argent
'Money' relates to truth.

manger
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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 Birth and Call of Samuel
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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