Tuomarit 7

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1 Varhain seuraavana aamuna Jerubbaal, se on Gideon, ynnä kaikki väki, joka oli hänen kanssaan, leiriytyi Harodin lähteelle. Midianilaisten leiri taas oli siitä, Mooren kukkulasta, pohjoiseen päin, tasangolla.

2 Mutta Herra sanoi Gideonille: "Sinulla on kanssasi liian paljon väkeä, antaakseni Midianin heidän käsiinsä; muuten Israel voisi kerskua minua vastaan ja sanoa: 'Oma käteni vapautti minut'.

3 Julista siis kansan kuullen näin: 'Se, joka pelkää ja on arka, palatkoon takaisin ja väistyköön Gileadin vuorilta'." Niin kansasta palasi takaisin kaksikymmentäkaksi tuhatta, ja kymmenentuhatta jäi.

4 Ja Herra sanoi Gideonille: "Vielä on väkeä liian paljon; vie heidät alas veden ääreen, niin minä siellä heidät sinulle tutkin. Se, josta minä sinulle sanon: 'Tämä lähteköön sinun kanssasi', se lähteköön kanssasi; mutta jokainen, josta minä sinulle sanon: 'Tämä älköön lähtekö sinun kanssasi', se älköön lähtekö."

5 Niin hän vei väen alas veden ääreen. Ja Herra sanoi Gideonille: "Aseta erikseen jokainen, joka latkii vettä kielellään, niinkuin koira latkii, ja samoin jokainen, joka laskeutuu polvilleen juodaksensa".

6 Niiden luku, jotka latkivat kädestä suuhunsa, oli kolmesataa miestä; kaikki muu väki oli laskeutunut polvilleen juomaan vettä.

7 Silloin Herra sanoi Gideonille: "Niillä kolmellasadalla miehellä, jotka latkivat, minä vapautan teidät ja annan Midianin sinun käsiisi; kaikki muu väki menköön kukin kotiinsa".

8 Sitten väki otti mukaansa eväät ja pasunansa, ja hän päästi kaikki Israelin miehet menemään kunkin majalleen, pidättäen ainoastaan ne kolmesataa miestä. Ja midianilaisten leiri oli hänen alapuolellaan tasangolla.

9 Sinä yönä Herra sanoi hänelle: "Nouse ja käy leirin kimppuun, sillä minä annan sen sinun käsiisi.

10 Mutta jos sinä pelkäät käydä sen kimppuun, niin mene palvelijasi Puuran kanssa alas leiriin

11 ja kuuntele, mitä siellä puhutaan. Sitten saat rohkeutta käydä leirin kimppuun." Niin hän meni palvelijansa Puuran kanssa alas aina leirin etuvartijoiden luo.

12 Midianilaisia, amalekilaisia ja kaikkia Idän miehiä oli asettunut tasangolle niin paljon kuin heinäsirkkoja; ja heidän kameleillaan ei ollut määrää, niitä oli niin paljon kuin hiekkaa meren rannalla.

13 Kun Gideon tuli, niin muuan mies kertoi untansa toiselle. Hän sanoi: "Minä näin unta ja katso, ohraleipäkakku tuli pyörien midianilaisten leiriin. Se tuli teltalle saakka, iski siihen niin, että se kaatui, ja käänsi sen ylösalaisin, ja teltta jäi kumoon."

14 Niin toinen vastasi ja sanoi: "Se ei ole mikään muu kuin israelilaisen Gideonin, Jooaan pojan, miekka; Jumala antaa hänen käsiinsä Midianin ja koko leirin".

15 Kun Gideon oli kuullut kertomuksen unesta ja sen selityksen, niin hän kumartaen rukoili, palasi sitten takaisin Israelin leiriin ja sanoi: "Nouskaa, sillä Herra antaa midianilaisten leirin teidän käsiinne".

16 Ja hän jakoi ne kolmesataa miestä kolmeen joukkoon ja antoi heille kullekin käteen pasunan ja tyhjän saviruukun, tulisoihtu ruukussa.

17 Ja hän sanoi heille: "Tarkatkaa minua ja tehkää niinkuin minä; kun minä olen tullut leirin laitaan, niin tehkää, niinkuin minä teen.

18 Kun minä ja kaikki, jotka ovat minun kanssani, puhallamme pasunoihin, niin puhaltakaa tekin pasunoihin kaikkialla leirin ympärillä ja huutakaa: 'Herran ja Gideonin puolesta!'"

19 Niin Gideon ja ne sata miestä, jotka olivat hänen kanssansa, tulivat leirin laitaan keskimmäisen yövartion alussa; vartijat olivat juuri asetetut paikoilleen. Silloin he puhalsivat pasunoihin ja särkivät saviruukut, jotka heillä oli käsissään.

20 Niin ne kolme joukkoa puhalsivat pasunoihin, murskasivat saviruukut, tempasivat vasempaan käteensä tulisoihdut ja oikeaan pasunat, puhalsivat niihin ja huusivat: "Herran ja Gideonin miekka!"

21 Ja he seisoivat kukin paikallaan leirin ympärillä. Mutta leirissä kaikki juoksivat sekaisin, kirkuivat ja pakenivat.

22 Ja kun he puhalsivat noihin kolmeensataan pasunaan, niin Herra käänsi toisen miekan toista vastaan koko leirissä, ja leiri pakeni Beet-Sittaan asti Sereraan päin, Tabbatin luona olevan Aabel-Meholan rantaan saakka.

23 Ja Israelin miehet kutsuttiin koolle Naftalista, Asserista ja koko Manassesta, ja he ajoivat midianilaisia takaa.

24 Ja Gideon oli lähettänyt sanansaattajia koko Efraimin vuoristoon, sanomaan: "Tulkaa alas midianilaisia vastaan ja vallatkaa heidän tieltään vedet aina Beet-Baaraan asti sekä Jordan". Niin kaikki Efraimin miehet kutsuttiin koolle, ja he valtasivat vedet aina Beet-Baaraan asti sekä Jordanin.

25 Ja he ottivat vangiksi kaksi midianilaisten ruhtinasta, Oorebin ja Seebin; Oorebin he surmasivat Oorebin kalliolla, ja Seebin he surmasivat Seebin viinikuurnan luona, ja he ajoivat midianilaisia takaa. Mutta Oorebin ja Seebin päät he toivat Gideonille tuolta puolelta Jordanin.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
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Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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