Tuomarit 4

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1 Mutta Eehudin kuoltua israelilaiset tekivät jälleen sitä, mikä oli pahaa Herran silmissä.

2 Silloin Herra myi heidät Jaabinin, Kanaanin kuninkaan, käsiin, joka hallitsi Haasorissa. Hänen sotapäällikkönsä oli Siisera, joka asui Haroset-Goojimissa.

3 Ja israelilaiset huusivat Herraa, sillä Siiseralla oli yhdeksätsadat raudoitetut sotavaunut, ja hän sorti ankarasti israelilaisia kaksikymmentä vuotta.

4 Mutta Debora, naisprofeetta, Lappidotin vaimo, oli siihen aikaan tuomarina Israelissa.

5 Hänen oli tapana istua Deboran-palmun alla, Raaman ja Beetelin välillä, Efraimin vuoristossa, ja israelilaiset menivät hänen luoksensa oikeutta saamaan.

6 Hän lähetti kutsumaan Baarakin, Abinoamin pojan, Naftalin Kedeksestä, ja hän sanoi hänelle: "Näin käskee Herra, Israelin Jumala: Lähde ja mene Taaborin vuorelle ja ota mukaasi kymmenentuhatta miestä naftalilaisia ja sebulonilaisia.

7 Ja minä tuon sinun luoksesi Kiisonin purolle Siiseran, Jaabinin sotapäällikön, sotavaunuineen ja laumoineen ja annan hänet sinun käsiisi."

8 Niin Baarak sanoi hänelle: "Jos sinä lähdet minun kanssani, niin minäkin lähden; mutta jos sinä et lähde minun kanssani, niin en minäkään lähde".

9 Hän vastasi: "Minä lähden sinun kanssasi; mutta kunnia siitä retkestä, jolle lähdet, ei tule sinulle, vaan Herra on myyvä Siiseran naisen käsiin". Niin Debora nousi ja lähti Baarakin kanssa Kedekseen.

10 Silloin Baarak kutsui Sebulonin ja Naftalin koolle Kedekseen; kymmenentuhatta miestä seurasi häntä, ja Debora lähti hänen kanssaan.

11 Mutta keeniläinen Heber oli eronnut keeniläisistä, Hoobabin, Mooseksen apen, jälkeläisistä; ja hän oli telttaansa pystytellen tullut aina Saanaimin tammelle asti, joka on Kedeksen luona.

12 Kun Siiseralle ilmoitettiin, että Baarak, Abinoamin poika, oli noussut Taaborin vuorelle,

13 niin Siisera kutsui koolle kaikki sotavaununsa, yhdeksätsadat raudoitetut sotavaunut, ja kaiken väen, mikä hänellä oli, Haroset-Goojimista Kiisonin purolle.

14 Silloin Debora sanoi Baarakille: "Nouse, sillä tämä on se päivä, jona Herra antaa Siiseran sinun käsiisi; onhan Herra lähtenyt sinun edelläsi". Niin Baarak laskeutui Taaborin vuorelta, ja kymmenentuhatta miestä hänen jäljessään.

15 Ja Herra saattoi Baarakin miekan terän edessä hämminkiin Siiseran ja kaikki hänen sotavaununsa ja koko hänen joukkonsa; ja Siisera astui alas vaunuistaan ja pakeni jalkaisin.

16 Mutta Baarak ajoi takaa sotavaunuja ja sotajoukkoa Haroset-Goojimiin saakka. Ja koko Siiseran joukko kaatui miekan terään; ei ainoakaan pelastunut.

17 Mutta Siisera oli paennut jalkaisin Jaaelin, keeniläisen Heberin vaimon, teltalle; sillä Jaabinin, Haasorin kuninkaan, ja keeniläisen Heberin perheen välillä oli rauha.

18 Ja Jaael meni Siiseraa vastaan ja sanoi hänelle: "Poikkea, herrani, poikkea minun luokseni, älä pelkää". Ja hän poikkesi hänen luoksensa telttaan, ja hän peitti hänet peitteellä.

19 Ja hän sanoi hänelle: "Anna minulle vähän vettä juodakseni, sillä minun on jano". Niin hän avasi maitoleilin ja antoi hänen juoda ja peitti hänet.

20 Ja hän sanoi hänelle: "Asetu teltan ovelle; ja jos joku tulee ja kysyy sinulta ja sanoo: 'Onko täällä ketään?' niin vastaa: 'Ei ole'.

21 Mutta Jaael, Heberin vaimo, tempasi telttavaarnan, otti vasaran käteensä, hiipi hänen luoksensa ja löi vaarnan hänen ohimoonsa, niin että se tunkeutui aina maahan asti; hän oli näet väsymyksestä vaipunut sikeään uneen, ja hän kuoli.

22 Ja katso, silloin Baarak tuli ajaen Siiseraa takaa; ja Jaael meni häntä vastaan ja sanoi hänelle: "Tule, minä näytän sinulle miehen, jota etsit". Ja hän tuli hänen luoksensa, ja katso, Siisera makasi kuolleena, vaarna ohimossaan.

23 Näin Jumala sinä päivänä nöyryytti Jaabinin, Kanaanin kuninkaan, israelilaisten edessä.

24 Ja israelilaisten käsi painoi yhä raskaammin Jaabinia, Kanaanin kuningasta, kunnes he tuhosivat Jaabinin, Kanaanin kuninkaan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

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myi
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hallitsi
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Siisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

kaksikymmentä
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vaimo
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alla
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sanoi
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käskee
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Israelin
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Jumala
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nousi
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Mooseksen
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Poika
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päivä
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antaa
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laskeutui
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alas
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pakeni
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

vaimon
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jano
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

avasi
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

tulee
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sanoo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

löi
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Katso
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

tuli
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käsi
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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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