Tuomarit 21

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Pyhä Raamattu (1933/1938)         

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1 Israelin miehet olivat vannoneet Mispassa ja sanoneet: "Ei kukaan meistä anna tytärtään benjaminilaiselle vaimoksi".

2 Ja kansa tuli Beeteliin, ja he istuivat siellä aina iltaan asti Jumalan edessä, korottivat äänensä ja itkivät katkerasti

3 ja sanoivat: "Miksi, oi Herra, Israelin Jumala, on Israelissa käynyt niin, että Israelista nyt puuttuu yksi sukukunta?"

4 Varhain seuraavana päivänä kansa nousi ja rakensi sinne alttarin ja uhrasi polttouhreja ja yhteysuhreja.

5 Ja israelilaiset sanoivat: "Onko yhdessäkään Israelin sukukunnassa ketään, joka ei ole tullut seurakunnan kanssa tänne Herran eteen?" Sillä siitä, joka ei tulisi Herran luo Mispaan, oli vannottu ankara vala: "Hän on kuolemalla rangaistava".

6 Ja israelilaisten tuli sääli veljeänsä Benjaminia, ja he sanoivat: "Tänä päivänä on yksi sukukunta hakattu pois Israelista.

7 Mitä meidän on tehtävä, että jäljelle jääneet saavat vaimoja? Sillä itse me olemme vannoneet Herran kautta, ettemme anna heille tyttäriämme vaimoiksi."

8 Ja he kysyivät: "Onko Israelin sukukunnissa ainoatakaan, joka ei ole tullut Herran eteen Mispaan?" Ja katso, Gileadin Jaabeksesta ei ollut ketään tullut leiriin, seurakuntakokoukseen.

9 Sillä kun kansasta pidettiin katselmus, niin katso, siellä ei ollut ketään Gileadin Jaabeksen asukkaista.

10 Niin kansa lähetti sinne kaksitoistatuhatta sotakuntoista miestä ja käski heitä sanoen: "Menkää ja surmatkaa miekan terällä Gileadin Jaabeksen asukkaat vaimoineen ja lapsineen.

11 Tehkää näin: kaikki miehenpuolet ja kaikki naiset, jotka ovat yhtyneet mieheen, vihkikää tuhon omiksi."

12 Ja Gileadin Jaabeksen asukkaista he löysivät neljäsataa nuorta naista, jotka olivat neitsyitä eivätkä olleet yhtyneet mieheen; ja he veivät nämä leiriin Siiloon, joka on Kanaanin maassa.

13 Sitten koko kansa lähetti sanansaattajia puhumaan benjaminilaisten kanssa, jotka olivat Rimmonin kalliolla, ja tarjosi heille rauhaa.

14 Silloin benjaminilaiset palasivat takaisin, ja heille annettiin ne naiset, jotka oli jätetty henkiin Gileadin Jaabeksen naisista. Mutta ne eivät riittäneet heille.

15 Niin kansan tuli sääli Benjaminia, koska Herra oli tehnyt aukon Israelin sukukuntiin.

16 Ja kansan vanhimmat sanoivat: "Mitä meidän on tehtävä, että jäljelle jääneet saisivat vaimoja? Sillä ovathan naiset hävitetyt Benjaminista."

17 Ja he sanoivat: "Pelastuneiden perintöomaisuus on jäävä Benjaminille, ettei yksikään sukukunta häviäisi Israelista.

18 Mutta itse me emme voi antaa heille tyttäriämme vaimoiksi, sillä israelilaiset ovat vannoneet ja sanoneet: kirottu olkoon se, joka antaa vaimon benjaminilaiselle."

19 Niin he sanoivat: "Katso, joka vuosi vietetään Herran juhla Siilossa, joka on pohjoiseen päin Beetelistä, auringonnousuun päin siitä valtatiestä, joka vie Beetelistä Sikemiin, ja etelään päin Lebonasta".

20 Ja he käskivät benjaminilaisia sanoen: "Menkää ja asettukaa väijyksiin viinitarhoihin.

21 Kun näette Siilon tyttärien tulevan ulos karkeloimaan, niin rynnätkää viinitarhoista ja ryöstäkää jokainen itsellenne vaimo Siilon tyttäristä ja lähtekää Benjaminin maahan.

22 Ja kun heidän isänsä tai veljensä tulevat valittamaan meille, niin me sanomme heille: 'Lahjoittakaa heidät meille, sillä ei kukaan meistä ole ottanut sodassa vaimoa. Ettehän te ole itse antaneet niitä heille; muuten olisitte joutuneet vikapäiksi.'"

23 Benjaminilaiset tekivät niin ja ottivat lukumääränsä mukaan itselleen vaimoja karkeloivien joukosta, ryöstäen heidät. Sitten he palasivat perintöosaansa ja rakensivat uudestaan kaupungit ja asettuivat niihin.

24 Silloin israelilaisetkin vaelsivat sieltä, kukin sukukuntaansa ja sukuunsa, ja menivät sieltä kukin perintöosallensa.

25 Siihen aikaan ei ollut kuningasta Israelissa; jokainen teki sitä, mikä hänen omasta mielestään oli oikein.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Wives Provided for the Men of Benjamin

This final chapter of the book of Judges deals with the wish of Israel to provide the remaining men of Benjamin with wives so that the tribe would not die out, since it was one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Yet the men of Israel had made a vow at Mizpah not to give their daughters to any men of Benjamin.

Providing wives means to add either truth or good to a situation. “In the Word, when ‘husband’ is mentioned, then ‘wife’ stands for truth. But when the husband is called ‘the man’, then ‘wife’ stands for good. This is the way it gets continually used in the Word.” (Arcana Caelestia 1468) In this chapter the men are called ‘the men of Benjamin’ or the Benjamites, so wives stand for good being joined to truth.

The men of Israel wondered who had not come to the gathering at Mizpah and recalled that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come. This meant that they were not under the obligation of the vow. The men of Israel told men to go and kill every man in that city and also any woman who was not a virgin. They found four hundred young virgins and brought them up to the camp at Shiloh.

The name Jabesh-Gilead means ‘arid’ and its spiritual meaning is in this city’s non-participation in dealing with the problem of the tribe of Benjamin. It stands for our refusal and disinclination to act to progress the spiritual life of the Word and our obedience to it.
But in it are four hundred young virgins who are not part of this non-participation and they can be taken to be wives for the men of Benjamin, to provide a future and an offspring.

“Virgins stand for the Lord’s kingdom, for everyone who is a kingdom of the Lord or a ‘church’, those who love the Lord, those who are in the affection for good, in charity to their neighbour, and those who love what is true. All of this is from the conjugial love which is there in chaste virgins.” (Arcana Caelestia 3081)

But even so, this is not enough to provide sufficient wives for the men of Benjamin. They recall that there is a yearly feast at Shiloh at which the young daughters of Shiloh dance. They tell the men of Benjamin to go there at the time of the feast and when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance, to each seize a girl and take her away to Benjamin. And if anyone complains about breaking the vow made at Mizpah, it will be told them that this does not apply to the men of Benjamin and to be kind to this taking of wives.

The spiritual meaning of this is that it is essential that the tribe of Benjamin who stand for the link or connection between internal and external states, should have a full complement of wives so that truth and good can be together in producing and preserving this connection for our spiritual wholeness and its life. (Arcana Caelestia 5411)

The final verse of the book of Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes”, very much describes the sequence of the stories in Judges to the point where good and truth, love for the Lord and obedience to the Word, are marginalised, and replaced by one wrong action after another, through to the very end.

The spiritual meaning in these wrong doings can be seen to show their purpose in terms of our spiritual life and regeneration. This is the purpose of them being included in the Word, and while the text is at times harrowing, it contains the basis for giving us the truths which lead to eternal life and the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9422


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608, 687

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
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Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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