Tuomarit 10

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1 Abimelekin jälkeen nousi Israelia vapauttamaan isaskarilainen Toola, Doodon pojan Puuan poika, joka asui Saamirissa, Efraimin vuoristossa.

2 Hän oli tuomarina Israelissa kaksikymmentä kolme vuotta; sitten hän kuoli, ja hänet haudattiin Saamiriin.

3 Hänen jälkeensä nousi gileadilainen Jaair ja oli tuomarina Israelissa kaksikymmentä kaksi vuotta.

4 Ja hänellä oli kolmekymmentä poikaa, jotka ratsastivat kolmellakymmenellä aasilla; ja heillä oli kolmekymmentä kaupunkia, joita vielä tänäkin päivänä kutsutaan Jaairin leirikyliksi ja jotka ovat Gileadin maassa.

5 Ja Jaair kuoli, ja hänet haudattiin Kaamoniin.

6 Mutta israelilaiset tekivät jälleen sitä, mikä oli pahaa Herran silmissä, ja palvelivat baaleja ja astarteja ja Aramin jumalia, Siidonin jumalia, Mooabin jumalia, ammonilaisten jumalia ja filistealaisten jumalia, ja he hylkäsivät Herran eivätkä palvelleet häntä.

7 Niin Herran viha syttyi Israelia kohtaan, ja hän myi heidät filistealaisten ja ammonilaisten käsiin.

8 Nämä riistivät ja raastivat israelilaisia sen vuoden ja vielä kahdeksantoista vuotta, kaikkia israelilaisia, jotka asuivat tuolla puolella Jordanin amorilaisten maassa, Gileadissa.

9 Ja ammonilaiset menivät Jordanin yli taistelemaan myöskin Juudaa, Benjaminia ja Efraimin heimoa vastaan, ja niin Israel joutui suureen ahdinkoon.

10 Silloin israelilaiset huusivat Herraa sanoen: "Me olemme tehneet syntiä sinua vastaan, sillä me olemme hyljänneet oman Jumalamme ja palvelleet baaleja".

11 Ja Herra vastasi israelilaisille: "Eivätkö egyptiläiset, amorilaiset, ammonilaiset, filistealaiset,

12 siidonilaiset, amalekilaiset ja maaonilaiset sortaneet teitä, ja kun te huusitte minua, enkö minä pelastanut teitä heidän käsistänsä.

13 Mutta te hylkäsitte minut ja palvelitte muita jumalia; sentähden en minä enää teitä pelasta.

14 Menkää ja huutakaa avuksenne niitä jumalia, jotka olette valinneet; pelastakoot ne teidät ahdinkonne aikana."

15 Niin israelilaiset sanoivat Herralle: "Me olemme syntiä tehneet; tee sinä meille aivan niinkuin hyväksi näet, kunhan vain tänä päivänä autat meitä".

16 Ja he poistivat vieraat jumalat keskuudestaan ja palvelivat Herraa. Silloin hän ei enää kärsinyt, että Israelia vaivattiin.

17 Ja ammonilaiset kutsuttiin koolle, ja he leiriytyivät Gileadiin; mutta israelilaiset kokoontuivat ja leiriytyivät Mispaan.

18 Silloin kansa, Gileadin ruhtinaat, sanoivat toisillensa: "Kuka on se mies, joka alkaa taistelun ammonilaisia vastaan? Hän on oleva kaikkien Gileadin asukasten päämies."

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

*****

This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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Významy biblických slov

Abimelekin
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

jälkeen
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

nousi
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Poika
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

kaksikymmentä
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

kaksi
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

kolmekymmentä
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

israelilaiset
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

baaleja
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

filistealaisten
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

viha
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

myi
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sanoen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Herra
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

egyptiläiset
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

filistealaiset
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

amalekilaiset
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

meille
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

jumalat
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

leiriytyivät
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

ruhtinaat
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

mies
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


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