Joshua 5

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1 Kun kaikki amorilaisten kuninkaat, jotka asuivat tällä puolella Jordanin, lännen puolella, ja kaikki kanaanilaisten kuninkaat, jotka asuivat meren rannalla, kuulivat, kuinka Herra oli kuivannut Jordanin veden israelilaisten tieltä, kunnes he olivat kulkeneet yli, niin raukesi heidän sydämensä, eikä heissä enää ollut rohkeutta asettua israelilaisia vastaan.

2 Siihen aikaan Herra sanoi Joosualle: "Tee itsellesi kiviveitsiä ja ympärileikkaa taas israelilaiset toistamiseen".

3 Niin Joosua teki itselleen kiviveitsiä ja ympärileikkasi israelilaiset Esinahkakukkulan luona.

4 Ja syy siihen, että Joosua toimitti ympärileikkauksen, oli tämä: koko kansa, joka oli lähtenyt Egyptistä, miehenpuolet, kaikki sotakuntoiset miehet, olivat kuolleet matkalla erämaassa, heidän lähdettyään Egyptistä.

5 Sillä kaikki se kansa, joka oli lähtenyt, oli ollut ympärileikattu, mutta sitä kansaa, joka oli syntynyt matkalla erämaassa, heidän lähdettyään Egyptistä, ei oltu ympärileikattu.

6 Sillä neljäkymmentä vuotta olivat israelilaiset vaeltaneet erämaassa, kunnes oli hävinnyt koko se kansa, ne sotakuntoiset miehet, jotka olivat Egyptistä lähteneet, ne, jotka eivät olleet totelleet Herran ääntä ja joille Herra sentähden oli vannonut, ettei hän ollut salliva heidän nähdä sitä maata, jonka Herra heidän isillensä vannotulla valalla oli luvannut antaa meille, sitä maata, joka vuotaa maitoa ja mettä.

7 Mutta hän herätti heidän poikansa heidän sijaansa; ne Joosua ympärileikkasi, sillä he olivat ympärileikkaamattomia, koska ei heitä oltu ympärileikattu matkalla.

8 Kun koko kansa oli saatu ympärileikatuksi, pysyivät he paikallaan leirissä, kunnes olivat toipuneet.

9 Niin Herra sanoi Joosualle: "Tänä päivänä minä olen vierittänyt teidän päältänne Egyptin häväistyksen". Sentähden kutsutaan paikkaa vielä tänäkin päivänä Gilgaliksi.

10 Kun israelilaiset olivat leiriytyneet Gilgaliin, viettivät he sen kuukauden neljäntenätoista päivänä, ehtoolla, pääsiäistä Jerikon arolla.

11 Ja pääsiäisen jälkeisenä päivänä he söivät sen maan tuotteista happamatonta leipää ja paahdettuja jyviä, juuri sinä päivänä.

12 Mutta seuraavana päivänä lakkasi manna, koska he söivät sen maan tuotteita; eivätkä israelilaiset enää saaneet mannaa, vaan he söivät sinä vuonna Kanaanin maan satoa.

13 Ja tapahtui Joosuan ollessa Jerikon luona, että hän nosti silmänsä ja näki miehen seisovan edessään, paljastettu miekka kädessä. Ja Joosua meni hänen luokseen ja sanoi hänelle: "Oletko sinä meikäläisiä vai vihollisiamme?"

14 Niin hän sanoi: "En, vaan minä olen Herran sotajoukon päämies ja olen juuri nyt tullut". Niin Joosua heittäytyi kasvoilleen maahan, kumarsi ja sanoi hänelle: "Mitä herrallani on sanottavana palvelijalleen?"

15 Ja Herran sotajoukon päämies sanoi Joosualle: "Riisu kengät jalastasi, sillä paikka, jossa seisot, on pyhä". Ja Joosua teki niin.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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