Joshua 4

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1 Ja kun koko kansa oli ehtinyt kulkea Jordanin yli, sanoi Herra Joosualle näin:

2 "Ottakaa kansasta kaksitoista miestä, kustakin sukukunnasta yksi mies,

3 ja käskekää heitä sanoen: 'Ottakaa itsellenne tästä, keskeltä Jordania, siltä kohdalta, missä papit seisovat alallaan, kaksitoista kiveä ja viekää ne mukananne ja asettakaa ne siihen paikkaan, mihin jäätte ensi yöksi'".

4 Niin Joosua kutsui ne kaksitoista miestä, jotka hän oli määrännyt otettaviksi israelilaisista, yhden miehen kustakin sukukunnasta,

5 ja Joosua sanoi heille: "Menkää Herran, Jumalanne, arkin eteen keskelle Jordania, ja nostakoon kukin kiven olalleen israelilaisten sukukuntien luvun mukaan,

6 että ne olisivat merkkinä teidän keskellänne. Kun lapsenne vastaisuudessa kysyvät ja sanovat: 'Mitä nämä kivet merkitsevät?'

7 niin vastatkaa heille: 'Sitä, että Jordanin vesi katkesi juoksussaan Herran liitonarkin edessä, kun se kulki Jordanin poikki; Jordanin vesi katkesi juoksussaan, ja siitä ovat nämä kivet muistona israelilaisille ikuisiksi ajoiksi'."

8 Ja israelilaiset tekivät, niinkuin Joosua oli käskenyt, ja ottivat israelilaisten sukukuntien luvun mukaan kaksitoista kiveä keskeltä Jordania, niinkuin Herra oli puhunut Joosualle, ja veivät ne mukanaan yöpaikkaan ja asettivat ne sinne.

9 Ja Joosua pystytti kaksitoista kiveä keskelle Jordania sille kohdalle, jossa liitonarkkia kantavat papit seisoivat; ja ne ovat siellä vielä tänäkin päivänä.

10 Ja papit, jotka kantoivat arkkia, seisoivat keskellä Jordania, kunnes oli suoritettu kaikki, mitä Herra oli käskenyt Joosuan puhua kansalle, kaikki tyynni, mistä Mooses oli Joosualle käskyn antanut, ja kansa kulki nopeasti virran yli.

11 Ja kun koko kansa oli ehtinyt kulkea virran yli, menivät Herran arkki ja papit yli, kansan eteen.

12 Ja ruubenilaiset, gaadilaiset ja toinen puoli Manassen sukukuntaa kulkivat taisteluun valmiina israelilaisten etunenässä, niinkuin Mooses oli heille puhunut.

13 Noin nelikymmentuhantinen sotaan varustettu joukko heitä kulki Herran edellä taisteluun Jerikon arolle.

14 Sinä päivänä Herra teki Joosuan suureksi koko Israelin silmissä, ja he pelkäsivät häntä kaikkena hänen elinaikanansa, niinkuin olivat Moosesta peljänneet.

15 Ja Herra puhui Joosualle sanoen:

16 "Käske pappeja, jotka kantavat lain arkkia, astumaan ylös Jordanista."

17 Niin Joosua käski pappeja sanoen: "Astukaa ylös Jordanista".

18 Kun nyt Herran liitonarkkia kantavat papit astuivat ylös Jordanista, niin tuskin olivat pappien jalat nousseet kuivalle maalle, kun Jordanin vesi palasi paikoilleen ja juoksi niinkuin ennenkin yli kaikkien äyräidensä.

19 Kansa astui ylös Jordanista ensimmäisen kuun kymmenentenä päivänä. Ja he leiriytyivät Gilgaliin, Jerikon itäiselle rajalle.

20 Ja ne kaksitoista kiveä, jotka he olivat ottaneet Jordanista, Joosua pystytti Gilgaliin.

21 Ja hän sanoi israelilaisille näin: "Kun lapsenne vastaisuudessa kysyvät isiltään ja sanovat: 'Mitä nämä kivet merkitsevät?'

22 niin ilmoittakaa se lapsillenne ja sanokaa: 'Israel kulki tämän Jordanin poikki kuivaa myöten,

23 koska Herra, teidän Jumalanne, kuivasi Jordanin veden teidän tieltänne, kunnes olitte kulkeneet virran poikki, samoinkuin Herra, teidän Jumalanne, teki Kaislamerelle, jonka hän kuivasi meidän tieltämme, kunnes olimme kulkeneet sen poikki,

24 jotta kaikki maan kansat tulisivat tietämään, että Herran käsi on väkevä, ja jotta te pelkäisitte Herraa, teidän Jumalaanne, ainiaan'".

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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