Joshua 24

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1 Sitten Joosua kokosi kaikki Israelin sukukunnat Sikemiin ja kutsui Israelin vanhimmat, sen päämiehet, tuomarit ja päällysmiehet, ja he asettuivat Jumalan eteen.

2 Ja Joosua sanoi koko kansalle: "Näin sanoo Herra, Israelin Jumala: Tuolla puolella Eufrat-virran asuivat muinoin teidän isänne, myös Terah, Aabrahamin ja Naahorin isä, ja he palvelivat muita jumalia.

3 Mutta minä otin teidän isänne Aabrahamin tuolta puolelta virran ja kuljetin häntä kautta koko Kanaanin maan ja tein hänen jälkeläisensä lukuisiksi ja annoin hänelle Iisakin.

4 Ja Iisakille minä annoin Jaakobin ja Eesaun. Ja Eesaulle minä annoin Seirin vuoriston omaksi, mutta Jaakob ja hänen poikansa menivät Egyptiin.

5 Sitten minä lähetin Mooseksen ja Aaronin ja rankaisin Egyptiä sillä, mitä minä siellä tein, ja sen jälkeen minä vein teidät sieltä pois.

6 Ja kun minä vein teidän isänne pois Egyptistä ja te olitte saapuneet meren rannalle, ajoivat egyptiläiset teidän isiänne takaa sotavaunuilla ja ratsumiehillä Kaislamereen saakka.

7 Niin he huusivat Herraa, ja hän pani pimeyden teidän ja egyptiläisten välille ja antoi meren tulla heidän ylitsensä, ja se peitti heidät; omin silmin te näitte, mitä minä tein egyptiläisille. Kun te sitten olitte asuneet kauan aikaa erämaassa,

8 toin minä teidät amorilaisten maahan, jotka asuivat tuolla puolella Jordanin, ja he taistelivat teitä vastaan; mutta minä annoin heidät teidän käsiinne, ja te otitte omaksenne heidän maansa, ja minä tuhosin heidät teidän tieltänne.

9 Silloin nousi Baalak, Sipporin poika, Mooabin kuningas ja taisteli Israelia vastaan; ja hän lähetti kutsumaan Bileamin, Beorin pojan, että hän kiroaisi teidät.

10 Mutta minä en tahtonut kuulla Bileamia, vaan hänen täytyi siunata teidät, ja minä pelastin teidät hänen käsistään.

11 Ja kun te olitte menneet Jordanin yli ja tulleet Jerikoon, niin Jerikon miehet ja amorilaiset, perissiläiset, kanaanilaiset, heettiläiset, girgasilaiset, hivviläiset ja jebusilaiset taistelivat teitä vastaan, mutta minä annoin heidät teidän käsiinne.

12 Ja minä lähetin herhiläisiä teidän edellänne, ja ne karkoittivat heidät teidän tieltänne, ne kaksi amorilaisten kuningasta; sinä miekallasi ja jousellasi et sitä tehnyt.

13 Ja minä annoin teille maan, josta sinä et ollut vaivaa nähnyt, ja kaupunkeja, joita te ette olleet rakentaneet, mutta joihin saitte asettua; viinitarhoista ja öljypuista, joita te ette olleet istuttaneet, te saitte syödä.

14 Niin peljätkää nyt Herraa, palvelkaa häntä nuhteettomasti ja uskollisesti ja poistakaa ne jumalat, joita teidän isänne palvelivat tuolla puolella virran ja Egyptissä, ja palvelkaa Herraa.

15 Mutta jos pidätte pahana palvella Herraa, niin valitkaa tänä päivänä, ketä tahdotte palvella, niitäkö jumalia, joita teidän isänne palvelivat tuolla puolella virran, vai amorilaisten jumalia, niiden, joiden maassa te asutte. Mutta minä ja minun perheeni palvelemme Herraa."

16 Silloin kansa vastasi ja sanoi: "Pois se, että me hylkäisimme Herran ja palvelisimme muita jumalia!

17 Sillä Herra on meidän Jumalamme, hän, joka johdatti meidät ja meidän isämme pois Egyptin maasta, orjuuden pesästä, ja joka teki meidän silmiemme edessä suuret tunnusteot ja aina varjeli meitä sillä tiellä, jota me vaelsimme, ja kaikkien niiden kansojen keskellä, joiden kautta me kuljimme.

18 Ja Herra karkoitti meidän tieltämme kaikki ne kansat, myös amorilaiset, jotka asuivat tässä maassa. Sentähden me palvelemme Herraa, sillä hän on meidän Jumalamme."

19 Niin Joosua sanoi kansalle: "Te ette voi palvella Herraa, sillä hän on pyhä Jumala; hän on kiivas Jumala, hän ei anna anteeksi teidän rikoksianne ja syntejänne.

20 Jos te hylkäätte Herran ja palvelette vieraita jumalia, niin hän kääntyy pois ja antaa teille käydä pahoin ja tekee lopun teistä, sen sijaan että hän on ennen antanut teille käydä hyvin."

21 Mutta kansa sanoi Joosualle: "Ei niin, vaan me palvelemme Herraa".

22 Silloin Joosua sanoi kansalle: "Te olette itse todistajina itseänne vastaan, että olette valinneet itsellenne Herran palvellaksenne häntä". He vastasivat: "Olemme".

23 Hän sanoi: "Niin poistakaa nyt vieraat jumalat, joita on teidän keskuudessanne, ja taivuttakaa sydämenne Herran, Israelin Jumalan, puoleen".

24 Kansa vastasi Joosualle: "Herraa, meidän Jumalaamme, me palvelemme, ja hänen ääntänsä me kuulemme".

25 Niin Joosua teki sinä päivänä liiton kansan kanssa ja antoi heille Sikemissä käskyt ja oikeudet.

26 Ja Joosua kirjoitti nämä puheet Jumalan lain kirjaan, ja hän otti suuren kiven ja pystytti sen sinne, tammen alle, joka oli Herran pyhäkössä.

27 Ja Joosua sanoi kaikelle kansalle: "Katso, tämä kivi on oleva todistajana meitä vastaan, sillä se on kuullut kaikki Herran sanat, jotka hän on meille puhunut, ja se on oleva todistajana teitä vastaan, ettette kieltäisi Jumalaanne".

28 Sitten Joosua päästi kansan menemään, kunkin perintöosalleen.

29 Näiden tapausten jälkeen Herran palvelija Joosua, Nuunin poika, kuoli sadan kymmenen vuoden vanhana.

30 Ja he hautasivat hänet hänen perintöosansa alueelle, Timnat-Serahiin, joka on Efraimin vuoristossa, pohjoispuolelle Gaas-vuorta.

31 Ja Israel palveli Herraa Joosuan koko elinajan ja niiden vanhinten koko elinajan, jotka elivät vielä kauan Joosuan jälkeen ja tunsivat kaikki ne teot, jotka Herra oli Israelille tehnyt.

32 Ja Joosefin luut, jotka israelilaiset olivat tuoneet Egyptistä, he hautasivat Sikemiin, siihen maapalstaan, jonka Jaakob oli ostanut Hamorin, Sikemin isän, pojilta sadalla kesitalla ja jonka joosefilaiset olivat saaneet perintöosaksensa.

33 Ja Eleasar, Aaronin poika, kuoli, ja he hautasivat hänet Gibeaan, hänen poikansa Piinehaan kaupunkiin, joka oli annettu hänelle Efraimin vuoristosta.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 659

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

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Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
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