Joshua 17

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1 Manassen sukukunta sai sekin arpaosansa, sillä hän oli Joosefin esikoinen. Maakir, Manassen esikoinen, Gileadin isä, sai Gileadin ja Baasanin, sillä hän oli sotilas.

2 Muutkin manasselaiset saivat osuutensa, suvuittain: abieserilaiset, heelekiläiset, asrielilaiset, sekemiläiset, heeferiläiset ja semidalaiset. Nämä ovat Manassen, Joosefin pojan, miespuoliset jälkeläiset, suvuittain.

3 Mutta Selofhadilla, Heeferin pojalla, joka oli Gileadin poika, joka Maakirin poika, joka Manassen poika, ei ollut poikia, vaan ainoastaan tyttäriä; ja nämä olivat hänen tyttäriensä nimet: Mahla, Nooga, Hogla, Milka ja Tirsa.

4 Nämä astuivat pappi Eleasarin ja Joosuan, Nuunin pojan, ja päämiesten eteen ja sanoivat: "Herra käski Mooseksen antaa meille perintöosan veljiemme keskuudessa". Silloin Joosua antoi heille Herran käskyn mukaisesti perintöosan heidän isänsä veljien keskuudessa.

5 Niin tuli Manasselle, paitsi Gileadin maata ja Baasania tuolla puolella Jordanin, kymmenen osaa,

6 koska Manassen tyttäret saivat perintöosan hänen poikiensa keskuudessa; mutta Gileadin maa joutui Manassen muille jälkeläisille.

7 Manassen raja kulkee Asserista Mikmetatiin, joka on Sikemin itäpuolella; sitten raja menee oikealle Een-Tappuahin asukkaiden tienoille.

8 Tappuahin maa joutui Manasselle, mutta Tappuah, Manassen rajalla, efraimilaisille.

9 Sitten raja laskeutuu Kaana-puroon, puron eteläpuolelle; mutta siellä, Manassen kaupunkien keskellä, olevat kaupungit joutuivat Efraimille. Sitten Manassen raja kulkee puron pohjoispuolelle ja päättyy mereen.

10 Eteläpuolella oleva maa joutui Efraimille, mutta pohjoispuolella oleva maa joutui Manasselle, ja meri on sen rajana. Ja pohjoisessa sen raja koskettaa Asseria ja idässä Isaskaria.

11 Isaskarista ja Asserista joutui Manasselle Beet-Sean ja sen tytärkaupungit, Jibleam ja sen tytärkaupungit, Doorin asukkaat ja sen tytärkaupungit, Een-Doorin asukkaat ja sen tytärkaupungit, Taanakin asukkaat ja sen tytärkaupungit, Megiddon asukkaat ja sen tytärkaupungit, kolme kukkulaa.

12 Mutta manasselaiset eivät kyenneet ottamaan haltuunsa näitä kaupunkeja, vaan kanaanilaisten onnistui jäädä asumaan siihen maahan.

13 Kun israelilaiset sitten voimistuivat, saattoivat he kanaanilaiset työveron alaisiksi, mutta eivät karkoittaneet heitä.

14 Joosefilaiset puhuivat Joosualle sanoen: "Miksi sinä olet antanut minulle perintöosaksi vain yhden arvan ja yhden osan, vaikka minä olen lukuisa kansa, kun Herra aina tähän asti on minua siunannut?"

15 Silloin Joosua sanoi heille: "Jos sinä olet niin lukuisa kansa, niin mene metsäseutuun ja raivaa itsellesi maata sieltä, perissiläisten ja refalaisten maasta, kun kerran Efraimin vuoristo on sinulle liian ahdas".

16 Mutta joosefilaiset vastasivat: "Ei vuoristo riitä meille; ja kaikilla kanaanilaisilla, jotka asuvat tasangoilla, on raudoitettuja sotavaunuja, sekä niillä, jotka asuvat Beet-Seanissa ja sen tytärkaupungeissa, että niillä, jotka asuvat Jisreelin tasangolla".

17 Silloin Joosua sanoi Joosefin heimolle, Efraimille ja Manasselle, näin: "Sinä olet lukuisa kansa ja sinun voimasi on suuri; sinua ei ole jätettävä yhdelle ainoalle arpaosalle,

18 vaan vuoristo on tuleva sinun omaksesi. Koska se on metsäseutua, on sinun raivattava se, ja sen laitapuoletkin tulevat sinun omiksesi. Sillä sinun on karkoitettava kanaanilaiset, vaikka heillä on raudoitettuja sotavaunuja ja vaikka he ovat voimakkaat."

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

Manassen
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

esikoinen
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Maakir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

isä
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Poika
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

tyttäriä
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

nimet
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Herra
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

käski
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Mooseksen
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

antaa
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

meille
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

kymmenen
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tyttäret
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Maa
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

raja
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Sikemin
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

keskellä
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

kaupungit
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

meri
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Megiddon
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

kolme
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

kaupunkeja
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

israelilaiset
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sanoen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Vain
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

sanoi
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

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