Joshua 13

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1 Kun Joosua oli käynyt vanhaksi ja iäkkääksi, sanoi Herra hänelle: "Sinä olet käynyt vanhaksi ja iäkkääksi, mutta vielä on hyvin paljon maata valtaamatta.

2 Tämä on se maa, mikä vielä on jäljellä: kaikki filistealaisten alueet ja koko gesurilaisten maa.

3 Siihorista alkaen, joka on itään päin Egyptistä, aina Ekronin alueeseen saakka pohjoiseen päin-se luetaan kanaanilaisten alueeseen-ne viisi filistealaista ruhtinasta, nimittäin Gassan, Asdodin, Askelonin, Gatin ja Ekronin ruhtinaat, niin myöskin avvilaiset

4 etelässä päin; koko kanaanilaisten maa ja Meara, joka on siidonilaisten, Afekiin saakka, amorilaisten alueeseen saakka;

5 ja gebalilaisten maa ja koko Libanon, auringonnousun puolella, Hermonin vuoren juurella olevasta Baal-Gaadista siihen saakka, mistä mennään Hamatiin.

6 Kaikki vuoriston asukkaat Libanonista Misrefot-Majimiin saakka, kaikki siidonilaiset, minä karkoitan israelilaisten tieltä; arvo vain niiden maa Israelin kesken perintöosaksi, niinkuin minä olen sinulle käskyn antanut.

7 Jaa siis tämä maa perintöosana yhdeksälle sukukunnalle ja toiselle puolelle Manassen sukukuntaa."

8 Samalla kuin sen toinen puoli olivat näet myöskin ruubenilaiset ja gaadilaiset saaneet perintöosansa, jonka Mooses antoi heille tuolta puolelta Jordanin, idän puolelta, niinkuin Herran palvelija Mooses sen heille antoi,

9 maan Arnon-joen rannalla olevasta Aroerista ja jokilaakson keskikohdalla olevasta kaupungista alkaen ja koko Meedeban ylätasangon Diiboniin saakka;

10 ja kaikki Siihonin, amorilaisten kuninkaan, kaupungit, hänen, joka hallitsi Hesbonissa, aina ammonilaisten alueeseen saakka,

11 ja Gileadin sekä gesurilaisten ja maakatilaisten alueet ja koko Hermonin vuoren ja koko Baasanin Salkaan saakka,

12 koko Oogin valtakunnan Baasanissa, hänen, joka hallitsi Astarotissa ja Edreissä ja oli viimeisiä refalaisia; nämä Mooses voitti ja karkoitti.

13 Mutta israelilaiset eivät karkoittaneet gesurilaisia ja maakatilaisia, vaan gesurilaiset ja maakatilaiset jäivät asumaan Israelin keskeen aina tähän päivään asti.

14 Ainoastaan Leevin sukukunnalle hän ei antanut perintöosaa. Herran, Israelin Jumalan, uhrit ovat sen perintöosa, niinkuin hän on sille puhunut.

15 Mooses antoi ruubenilaisten sukukunnalle, heidän suvuilleen, maata:

16 heille tuli alue Arnon-joen rannalla olevasta Aroerista ja jokilaakson keskikohdalla olevasta kaupungista alkaen ja koko ylätasanko Meedeban luona;

17 Hesbon ynnä kaikki sen alaiset kaupungit, jotka ovat ylätasangolla, Diibon, Baamot-Baal, Beet-Baal-Meon,

18 Jahas, Kedemot, Meefaat,

19 Kirjataim, Sibma, Seret-Sahar Laaksovuorella,

20 Beet-Peor ja Pisgan rinteet ja Beet-Jesimot;

21 ja kaikki ylätasangon kaupungit ja Siihonin, amorilaisten kuninkaan, koko valtakunta, hänen, joka hallitsi Hesbonissa ja jonka Mooses voitti samalla kuin Midianin ruhtinaat Evin, Rekemin, Suurin, Huurin ja Reban, jotka olivat Siihonin aliruhtinaita ja asuivat siinä maassa.

22 Muiden mukana, jotka kaatuivat, israelilaiset surmasivat miekalla myöskin Bileamin, Beorin pojan, tietäjän.

23 Ruubenilaisten raja on Jordan; se on rajana. Tämä on ruubenilaisten, heidän sukujensa, perintöosa, kaupungit kylineen.

24 Mooses antoi Gaadin sukukunnalle, gaadilaisille, heidän suvuilleen, maata:

25 heidän alueekseen tuli Jaeser, ja kaikki Gileadin kaupungit ja puolet ammonilaisten maata Aroeriin asti, joka on itään päin Rabbasta,

26 ja maa Hesbonista Raamat-Mispeen ja Betonimiin saakka, ja Mahanaimista Lidebirin alueeseen saakka;

27 ja laaksossa: Beet-Raam, Beet-Nimra, Sukkot ja Saafon, loput Siihonin, Hesbonin kuninkaan, valtakunnasta, rajana Jordan Kinneretin järven päähän saakka, tuolla puolella Jordanin, idän puolella.

28 Tämä on gaadilaisten, heidän sukujensa, perintöosa, kaupungit kylineen.

29 Mooses antoi toiselle puolelle Manassen sukukuntaa maata, ja se tuli toiselle puolelle Manassen sukukuntaa, heidän suvuilleen:

30 heidän alueekseen tuli Mahanaimista alkaen koko Baasan, Oogin, Baasanin kuninkaan, koko valtakunta, kaikki Jaairin leirikylät Baasanissa, kuusikymmentä kaupunkia,

31 ja puolet Gileadia sekä Astarot ja Edrei, Oogin valtakunnan pääkaupungit Baasanissa; tämä tuli Maakirin, Manassen pojan, jälkeläisille, toiselle puolelle Maakirin jälkeläisiä, heidän suvuilleen.

32 Nämä ovat ne alueet, jotka Mooses jakoi perintöosiksi Mooabin arolla, tuolla puolella Jordanin, Jerikon kohdalla, idän puolella.

33 Mutta Leevin sukukunnalle Mooses ei antanut perintöosaa. Herra, Israelin Jumala, on heidän perintöosansa, niinkuin hän on heille puhunut.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
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