1 Samuel 8

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1 Kun Samuel oli käynyt vanhaksi, pani hän poikansa Israelin tuomareiksi.

2 Hänen esikoisensa nimi oli Jooel, ja hänen toisen poikansa nimi oli Abia; nämä olivat tuomareina Beersebassa.

3 Mutta hänen poikansa eivät vaeltaneet hänen teitänsä, vaan olivat väärän voiton pyytäjiä, ottivat lahjuksia ja vääristivät oikeutta.

4 Niin kaikki Israelin vanhimmat kokoontuivat ja tulivat Samuelin tykö Raamaan

5 ja sanoivat hänelle: "Katso, sinä olet käynyt vanhaksi, eivätkä poikasi vaella sinun teitäsi. Niin aseta nyt meille oikeutta jakamaan kuningas, jollainen kaikilla muillakin kansoilla on."

6 Mutta Samuel pahastui siitä, että he sanoivat: "Anna meille kuningas jakamaan meille oikeutta". Ja Samuel rukoili Herraa.

7 Niin Herra sanoi Samuelille: "Kuule kansan ääntä kaikessa, mitä he sinulle sanovat; sillä sinua he eivät ole pitäneet halpana, vaan minut he ovat pitäneet halpana olemaan heidän kuninkaanansa.

8 Niinkuin he aina siitä päivästä, jona minä johdatin heidät tänne Egyptistä, tähän päivään asti ovat tehneet, kun ovat hyljänneet minut ja palvelleet muita jumalia, aivan niin he tekevät nyt sinullekin.

9 Kuule siis heidän ääntänsä. Kuitenkin varoita heitä vakavasti ja ilmoita heille, mitkä oikeudet on kuninkaalla, joka on heitä hallitseva."

10 Niin Samuel puhui kaikki Herran sanat kansalle, joka häneltä pyysi kuningasta.

11 Hän sanoi: "Nämä oikeudet on kuninkaalla, joka on teitä hallitseva: Teidän poikanne hän ottaa ja panee heidät vaunumiehikseen ja ratsumiehikseen ja vaunujensa edelläjuoksijoiksi.

12 Myöskin hän panee heitä tuhannen-ja viidenkymmenenpäämiehiksi ja kyntämään hänen kyntöjänsä ja leikkaamaan hänen viljaansa sekä tekemään hänelle sotatarpeita ja vaunutarpeita.

13 Ja teidän tyttärenne hän ottaa voiteiden tekijöiksi, keittäjiksi ja leipojiksi.

14 Hän ottaa teidän parhaat peltonne, viinitarhanne ja öljypuunne ja antaa ne palvelijoillensa;

15 ja hän ottaa kymmenykset teidän kylvöstänne ja viinitarhojenne sadosta ja antaa ne hoviherroillensa ja palvelijoillensa.

16 Hän ottaa myös teidän palvelijanne ja palvelijattarenne ja parhaat nuoret miehenne sekä aasinne ja teettää niillä työnsä;

17 ja hän ottaa kymmenykset teidän lampaistanne, ja te tulette hänen palvelijoiksensa.

18 Silloin te huudatte Herraa kuninkaanne tähden, jonka olette itsellenne valinneet, mutta hän ei silloin teitä kuule."

19 Mutta kansa ei tahtonut kuulla Samuelin puhetta, vaan sanoi: "Ei, kuningas meillä pitää olla.

20 Mekin tahdomme olla niinkuin kaikki muut kansat: kuningas jakakoon meille oikeutta ja johtakoon meitä ja käyköön sotiamme."

21 Kun Samuel kuuli kaikki kansan puheet, puhui hän ne Herralle.

22 Ja Herra sanoi Samuelille: "Kuule heidän ääntänsä ja aseta heille kuningas". Niin Samuel sanoi Israelin miehille: "Menkää kukin kaupunkiinne".

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

poikansa
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Israelin
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nimi
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

vanhimmat
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

meille
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

kuningas
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Herra
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sanoi
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hallitseva
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

sanat
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

antaa
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

kuulla
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

kuuli
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

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