1 Samuel 5

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1 Kun filistealaiset olivat ryöstäneet Jumalan arkin, veivät he sen Eben-Eseristä Asdodiin.

2 Ja filistealaiset ottivat Jumalan arkin ja veivät sen Daagonin temppeliin ja asettivat sen Daagonin rinnalle.

3 Kun asdodilaiset nousivat varhain seuraavana päivänä, niin katso: Daagon makasi kasvoillaan maassa Herran arkin edessä. Mutta he ottivat Daagonin ja asettivat sen takaisin paikoillensa.

4 Kun he taas nousivat varhain seuraavana aamuna, niin katso: Daagon makasi kasvoillaan maassa Herran arkin edessä, mutta Daagonin pää ja molemmat kädet olivat katkaistuina kynnyksellä, ja ainoastaan muu ruumis oli jäljellä.

5 Sentähden eivät Daagonin papit eikä kukaan, joka menee Daagonin temppeliin, astu Daagonin kynnykselle Asdodissa vielä tänäkään päivänä.

6 Mutta Herran käsi painoi asdodilaisia, ja hän tuhosi heitä: hän löi heitä ajoksilla, sekä Asdodia että sen aluetta.

7 Kun Asdodin miehet näkivät, miten oli, sanoivat he: "Älköön Israelin Jumalan arkki jääkö meidän luoksemme, sillä hänen kätensä on käynyt raskaaksi meille ja meidän jumalallemme Daagonille".

8 Ja he lähettivät sanan ja kokosivat kaikki filistealaisten ruhtinaat luoksensa ja sanoivat: "Mitä me teemme Israelin Jumalan arkille?" He vastasivat: "Israelin Jumalan arkki siirtyköön Gatiin". Ja he siirsivät Israelin Jumalan arkin sinne.

9 Mutta kun he olivat siirtäneet sen sinne, kohtasi Herran käsi kaupunkia ja sai aikaan suuren hämmingin: hän löi kaupungin asukkaita, sekä pieniä että suuria, niin että heihin puhkesi ajoksia.

10 Silloin he lähettivät Jumalan arkin Ekroniin. Mutta kun Jumalan arkki tuli Ekroniin, huusivat ekronilaiset sanoen: "He ovat siirtäneet Israelin Jumalan arkin tänne minun luokseni, surmaamaan minut ja minun kansani".

11 Ja he lähettivät sanan ja kokosivat kaikki filistealaisten ruhtinaat ja sanoivat: "Lähettäkää Israelin Jumalan arkki pois, ja palatkoon se kotiinsa älköönkä enää surmatko minua ja minun kansaani". Sillä surma oli saattanut koko kaupungin hämminkiin; Jumalan käsi painoi sitä kovasti.

12 Ne asukkaat, jotka eivät kuolleet, olivat ajoksilla lyödyt, ja huuto nousi kaupungista ylös taivaaseen.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 23

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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