Tuomarit 10

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Finnish Bible (1776)         

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1 AbiMelekin jälkeen nousi Isaskarilainen Tola, Dodan pojan Puan poika, auttamaan Israelia. Ja hän asui Samirissa, Ephraimin vuorella,

2 Ja tuomitsi Israelia kolmekolmattakymmentä ajastaikaa, ja kuoli ja haudattiin Samiriin.

3 Hänen jälkeensä nousi Jair Gileadilainen ja tuomitsi Israelia kaksikolmattakymmentä ajastaikaa.

4 Ja hänellä oli kolmekymmentä poikaa, jotka ajoivat kolmellakymmenellä aasin varsalla, ja heillä oli kolmekymmentä kaupunkia, jotka kutsuttiin Jairin kyliksi tähän päivään asti ja ovat Gileadin maalla.

5 Ja Jair kuoli ja haudattiin Kamoniin.

6 Mutta Israelin lapset tekivät vielä pahaa Herran edessä, ja palvelivat Baalia ja Astarotia, ja Syrian jumalia, ja Zidonin jumalia, ja Moabin jumalia, ja Ammonin lasten jumalia, ja Philistealaisten jumalia, ja luopuivat Herrasta ja ei palvelleet häntä.

7 Niin julmistui Herran viha Israelin ylitse, ja hän myi heidät Philistealaisten ja Ammonin lasten käteen.

8 Ja he vaativat ja vaivasivat siitä vuodesta kaikkia Israelin lapsia kahdeksantoistakymmentä ajastaikaa, kaikkia Israelin lapsia, jotka olivat tällä puolella Jordania, Amorilaisten maalla, joka on Gileadissa.

9 Ja Ammonin lapset matkustivat Jordanin ylitse ja sotivat Juudaa, BenJaminia ja Ephraimin huonetta vastaan, ja Israel suuresti ahdistettiin.

10 Niin huusivat Israelin lapset Herran tykö, sanoen: me olemme syntiä tehneet sinua vastaan; sillä me olemme hyljänneet meidän Jumalamme ja palvelleet Baalia.

11 Mutta Herra sanoi Israelin lapsille: Eikö Egyptiläiset, Amorilaiset, Ammonilaiset, Philistealaiset,

12 Ja Zidonilaiset, Amalekilaiset ja Maonilaiset ole teitä vaivanneet? ja minä autin teitä heidän käsistänsä, kuin te minun tyköni huusitte.

13 Niin te hylkäsitte minun, ja olette palvelleet muita jumalia: sentähden en minä teitä tahdo auttaa.

14 Menkäät ja rukoilkaat niitä jumalia, jotka te valinneet olette, antakaat niiden auttaa teitänne ahdistuksenne aikana.

15 Mutta Israelin lapset vastasivat Herralle: me olemme syntiä tehneet, tee meidän kanssamme niinkuin sinulle otollinen on, kuitenkin auta meitä tällä ajalla.

16 Ja he panivat tyköänsä vieraat jumalat pois, ja palvelivat Herraa; ja hänen sielunsa suuresti armahti Israelin vaivaa.

17 Ja Ammonin lapset kokoontuivat ja sioittivat itsensä Gileadiin; mutta Israelin lapset kokoontuivat ja sioittivat itsensä Mitspaan.

18 Ja kansa ja ylimmäiset Gileadista sanoivat toinen toisellensa: kuka rupee ensisti sotimaan Ammonin lapsia vastaan, hänen pitää oleman kaikkein Gileadin asuvaisten pääruhtinaan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.


This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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