Joshua 4

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1 Ja kun kaikki kansa oli tullut Jordanin yli, puhui Herra Josualle, sanoen:

2 Ottakaat teillenne kansasta kaksitoistakymmentä miestä, jokaisesta sukukunnasta yksi mies,

3 Ja käskekäät heitä, sanoen: ottakaat teille keskeltä tätä Jordania, siitä paikasta, jossa pappein jalat seisovat alallansa, kaksitoistakymmentä kiveä, ja viekäät ne kanssanne ylitse ja jättäkäät ne siihen majaan, jossa te tätä yötä pidätte.

4 Niin kutsui Josua kaksitoistakymmentä miestä, jotka hän oli valmistanut Israelin lapsista, jokaisesta sukukunnasta yhden miehen.

5 Ja Josua sanoi heille: menkäät Herran teidän Jumalanne arkin edellä keskelle Jordania, ja jokainen nostakaan yhden kiven olallensa, Israelin lasten sukukuntain luvun jälkeen,

6 Että ne olisivat merkiksi teidän seassanne, kuin teidän lapsenne tästedes kysyvät ja sanovat: mihinkä nämät kivet teille?

7 Että silloin sanoisitte heille: Jordanin vesi jakausi Herran liitonarkin edestä; sen mennessä Jordanin ylitse jakausi Jordanin vesi; ja nämät kivet pitää oleman Israelin lapsille ijankaikkiseksi muistoksi.

8 Niin Israelin lapset tekivät niinkuin Josua heitä käski, ja kantoivat kaksitoistakymmentä kiveä keskeltä Jordania, niinkuin Herra oli Josualle sanonut, Israelin lasten sukukuntain luvun jälkeen, ja he veivät ne yli myötänsä yösiaan asti ja panivat ne siihen.

9 Ja Josua pystytti myös kaksitoistakymmentä kiveä keskellä Jordania, kussa pappein jalat seisoneet olivat, jotka liitonarkkia kantoivat; ja ne ovat siellä tähän päivään asti.

10 Ja papit, jotka arkkia kantoivat, seisoivat keskellä Jordania, siihenasti kuin kaikki toimitettiin, mitä Herra käski Josuan kansalle sanoa, kaiken sen jälkeen minkä Moses Josualle käskenyt oli; ja kansa kiiruhti itsensä ja kävi ylitse.

11 Kuin kaikki kansa oli käynyt ylitse, meni myös Herran arkki ylitse, ja papit kansan eteen.

12 Ja Rubenilaiset ja Gadilaiset ja puoli Manassen sukukuntaa kävivät aseinensa Israelin lasten edellä, niinkuin Moses heille sanonut oli.

13 Liki neljäkymmentä tuhatta sotaan hankittua kävivät Herran edellä sotaan Jerihon kedolle.

14 Sinä päivänä teki Herra Josuan suureksi koko Israelin edessä; ja he pelkäsivät häntä, niinkuin he pelkäsivät Mosesta, kaikkena hänen elinaikanansa.

15 Ja Herra puhui Josualle, sanoen:

16 Käske pappein, jotka kantavat todistuksen arkkia, astua Jordanista ylös.

17 Niin käski Josua pappeja, ja sanoi: astukaat ylös Jordanista.

18 Ja kuin papit, jotka Herran liitonarkkia kantoivat, astuivat Jordanista ylös, ja pappein jalat kävivät ylös kuivalle maalle, niin tulivat Jordanin vedet siallensa ja juoksivat niinkuin ennenkin parrastensa yli.

19 Ja se oli kymmenes päivä ensimäisessä kuussa, kuin kansa astui Jordanista ylös, ja siottivat itsensä Gilgalissa idän puolella Jerihoa.

20 Ja ne kaksitoistakymmentä kiveä, jotka he ottivat Jordanista, pani Josua Gilgalissa pystyälle.

21 Ja hän puhui Israelin lapsille, sanoen: kuin teidän lapsenne tästedes kysyvät isiltänsä, ja sanovat: mihinkä nämät kivet?

22 Niin antakaat lastenne tietää, sanoen: Israel kävi kuivalla tämän Jordanin yli.

23 Kuin Herra teidän Jumalanne kuivasi Jordanin vedet teidän edestänne, niinkauvan kuin te kävitte sen ylitse, niinkuin Herra teidän Jumalanne teki Punaisessa meressä, jonka hän kuivasi meidän edestämme, siihenasti että me kävimme sen ylitse;

24 Että kaikki kansat maan päällä tuntisivat Herran käden, kuinka väkevä se on, että te pelkäisitte aina Herraa teidän Jumalaanne.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
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