Joshua 17

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Finnish Bible (1776)         

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1 Ja arpa lankesi Manassen sukukunnalle, sillä hän oli Josephin esikoinen, ja se lankesi Makirille Manassen esikoiselle, Gileadin isälle; sillä hän oli jalo sotamies, sentähden sai hän Gileadin ja Basanin.

2 Muille Manassen lapsille myös lankesi arpa heidän sukukuntainsa jälkeen: Abieserin lapsille, Helekin lapsille, Asrielin lapsille, Sekemin lapsille, Hepherin lapsille ja Semidan lapsille. Nämät ovat Manassen Josephin pojan lapset, jotka olivat miehenpuolet heidän suvuissansa.

3 Mutta Zelophkadilla Hepherin pojalla, Gileadin pojan, Makirin pojan, Manassen pojan, ei ollut yhtään poikaa, vaan tyttäriä; ja nämät ovat hänen tytärtensä nimet: Makla ja Noa, Hogla, Milka ja Tirtsa.

4 Ja he menivät papin Eleatsarin ja Josuan Nunin pojan ja ylimmäisten tykö, ja sanoivat: Herra käski Moseksen antaa meille perinnön meidän veljeimme sekaan; ja hän antoi myös heille perinnön heidän isänsä veljein sekaan, Herran käskyn jälkeen.

5 Mutta Manasselle tuli kymmenen osaa, paitsi Gileadin ja Basanin maata, jotka ovat tuolla puolella Jordania;

6 Sillä Manassen tyttäret saivat perinnön hänen poikainsa seassa; ja Gileadin maa oli annettu muille Manassen pojille.

7 Ja Manassen raja oli Asserista Mihmetatiin asti, joka on Sikemin edessä, ja menee ulos oikian käden puoleen niihin asti, kuin asuivat EnTapuassa.

8 Tapuan maa tuli Manasselle, mutta Tapua Manassen rajalla Ephraimin lapsille.

9 Sitte tulee se alas NahalKanaan asti etelään päin velikaupungeita, jotka Ephraimin omat ovat, Manassen kaupunkien seassa. Mutta pohjan puolesta ovat Manassen rajat ojaan asti, ja niiden ääret ovat meren tykönä,

10 Sillä Ephraimin maa on etelän puolella ja Manassen pohjan puolella, niin että meri on heidän rajansa, ja ulottuu Asseriin saakka pohjan puolesta, ja Isaskariin asti idän puolesta.

11 Niin oli Manassella Isaskarin ja Asserin seassa BetSean ja hänen tyttärensä, Jiblaam ja hänen tyttärensä, ja Dorin asuvaiset tyttärinensä, ja EnDorin asuvaiset tyttärinensä, ja Taanan asuvaiset tyttärinensä, Megiddon asuvaiset tyttärinensä, ja kolmas osa Naphetista.

12 Ja Manassen lapset ei voineet ajaa niiden kaupunkien asuvaisia ulos, vaan Kanaanealaiset rupesivat asumaan siinä maassa.

13 Mutta kuin Israelin lapset vahvistuivat, tekivät he Kanaanealaiset verollisiksi, ja ei ajaneet heitä ollenkaan pois.

14 Silloin puhuivat Josephin lapset Josualle ja sanoivat: miksi et minulle enempää antanut, kuin yhden arvan ja osan, perinnöksi, ja minä olen kuitenkin suuri kansa, niinkuin Herra on minun tähän asti siunannut?

15 Niin Josua sanoi heille: ettäs olet suuri kansa, niin mene metsään ja perkaa siellä sinulles siaa, Pheresiläisten ja uljasten maalla, jos Ephraimin vuori on sinulle ahtaimmaksi.

16 Niin sanoivat Josephin lapset: ei ne vuoret meille täydy, sillä kaikilla Kanaanealaisilla, jotka asuvat maan laaksoissa, ovat rautavaunut, ja BetSeanin asuvaisilla ja hänen tyttärillänsä, ja Jisreelin laaksossa asuvaisilla.

17 Josua puhui Josephin huoneelle, Ephraimille ja Manasselle, sanoen: sinä olet suuri ja väkevä kansa, ei sinulla pidä oleman yksi arpa.

18 Sillä vuori pitää myös sinun omas oleman, jossa metsää on, siellä perkaa ympärilläs, ja sinulla pitää oleman sen ääret; sillä sinä ajat Kanaanealaiset pois, vaikka heillä rautavaunut ovat, ja vaikka he väkevät ovat.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

Manassen
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Josephin
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

esikoinen
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

lapset
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

tyttäriä
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

nimet
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

papin
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Herra
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

käski
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

antaa
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

meille
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

kymmenen
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tyttäret
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Maa
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

raja
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Sikemin
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

asuivat
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Ephraimin
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

alas
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

etelään
'South' denotes truth in light.

meri
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Megiddon
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Israelin
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sanoi
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

vuori
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

vuoret
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

puhui
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sanoen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

yksi
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

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